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The Age of Jefferson

The Age of Jefferson

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The Age of Jefferson

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  1. The Age of Jefferson

  2. Jefferson referred to his election as a “revolution.” Known as the people’s President Reduced the debt from $80 million to $57 million when he left. Reduced the government bureaucracy. Republican Principles

  3. Named Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court by John Adams. • Believer in judicial review or the Supreme Court having the power to review acts of Congress and of the President to determine if they were constitutional. • Believed federal laws were superior to state laws. John Marshall’s Supreme Court

  4. William Marbury had been commissioned justice of the peace in the District of Columbia by President John Adams in the “midnight appointments” at the very end of his administration. When the new administration did not deliver the commission, Marbury sued James Madison, Jefferson's Secretary of State. Marshall ruled in favor of Madison. Chief Justice Marshall held that, although Marbury was entitled to the commission, the basis of the particular remedy sought was unconstitutional. Established the precedent of judicial review. Marbury vs. Madison

  5. Jefferson wanted to expand to the Pacific. Napoleon needed money to fight the British and decided to sell all of the Louisiana Territory. The Louisiana Purchase (1803) nearly doubled the size of the United States. In 1804, Jefferson sent Lewis and Clark to explore the new territory. Guided by Sacajawea. The Louisiana Purchase

  6. The War of 1812

  7. As an alternative to war Jefferson led a charge to place an embargo of goods being sent to Great Britain. Both France and Britain continued to seize American ships. On the western frontier the Indian nations began to put up armed resistance to the government’s expansion. The War Hawks, made up of several southern congressmen, called for war against the British. Gearing up for War

  8. The young U.S. Navy performs well and defeats the British in battles fought on Lake Erie. • Andrew Jackson defeated the Indian tribes of Alabama as well as Florida. • Francis Scott Key celebrated an American victory by writing a poem that would become known as “The Star-Spangled Banner.” War Breaks Out

  9. The Americans won their greatest battle with a victory at the Battle of New Orleans. The Treaty of Ghent ended the war. The Hartford Convention was an attempt by Federalist delegates from the New England area to break away from the union and make a separate peace with Britain and const. amendments giving New England more political power. War’s Aftermath and Effects

  10. After the War of 1812 and Jackson’s victory in New Orleans, Americans experienced as surge of nationalism and new confidence in the strength of their republic. Expansion into both the west and south into Spanish Florida will continue to create pains for the Native American population and lead to the Spanish ceding the land to the U.S. War’s Aftermath and Effects