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  1. Learning ObjectiveName _____________________ Today, we will identify the compare-and-contrastpattern in informational text1. 1 (informational text) writing that gives facts CFU What are we going to do today? What is informational text? Informational text means ________________. Activate (or provide) Prior Knowledge What is the same with Snoopy and Lucky? What is different with Snoopy and Lucky? CFU Students, you already know how to find things that are same and different. We compare things that are the same, and we contrast things that are different. Today, we will identify the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text. 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  2. Concept Development • The compare-and-contrast pattern is writing that tells how two or more things are similar or different. • Compare means to tell how things are similar, the same, or alike. • Contrast means to tell how things are different. • Sometimes compare-and-contrast patterns use clue words: Compare-and-contrast pattern: Not an example of compare-and-contrast pattern: CFU Which example below is a comparing sentence? How do you know? Which example below is a contrasting sentence? How do you know? Frogs and toads also lay eggs to have babies. Unlike frogs that have slimy skin, toads have dry skin. Write one clue word you are not familiar with on your whiteboard. What is the difference between the example and non-example? Explain your answer. In your own words, what is a compare-and-contrast pattern? A compare-and-contrast pattern is ______. 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  3. Skill Development/Guided Practice The compare-and-contrast pattern is writing that tells how two or more things are similar or different. Identify the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text. Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 1.Apples and bananas are both fruit. 2.Bananas are long and yellow, whereas apples are round and can be red, green, or yellow. 3.Also, apples and bananas grow on trees. 4.Apples have larger brown seeds but bananas have smaller black seeds. 40 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No CFU (#1a) How did I/you identify what two things were being compared? (#1b) How did I/you identify the compare-and-contrast clue words? (#2) How did I/you determine the compare-and-contrast pattern? (#3) How did I/you justify my/your answer? 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  4. Skill Development/Guided Practice (continued) The compare-and-contrast pattern is writing that tells how two or more things are similar or different. Identify the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text. 1.Birds are animals that have feathers. 2. They mainly live in trees and bushes. 3. Birds lay eggs in the nests that they build and raise their young until they are old enough to fly. 4. Birds eat seeds, worms, and small insects. 5. There are hundreds of different types of birds, each with their own song. 53 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 1. The first movie theater, or “picture house,” was built in 1896 and admission was only three cents. 2. By 1905, the first Nickelodeon movie theatre was built, and admission was five cents. 3. You could watch a 10-minute film called The Great Train Robbery there. 4. The first full length movie wasn’t shown until 1913. 52 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No CFU (#1a) How did I/you identify what two things were being compared? (#1b) How did I/you identify the compare-and-contrast clue words? (#2) How did I/you determine the compare-and-contrast pattern? (#3) How did I/you justify my/your answer? 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  5. Relevance The compare-and-contrast pattern is writing that tells how two or more things are similar or different. 1. Identifying the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text will help you better understand text that tells how things are the same or different. 2. Identifying the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text will help you do well on tests. CFU Does anyone else have another reason why is it relevant to identify the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text? (pair-share) Why is it relevant to identify the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text? You may give me one of my reasons or one of your own. Which reason is more relevant to you? Why? 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  6. The compare-and-contrast pattern is writing that tells how two or more things are similar or different. Skill Closure Identify the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text. 1.Dogs and cats are animals. 2.They both have four legs and a tail. 3.Dogs bark, but cats meow. 4. Dogs and cats also need food and water to live. 5. Dogs need people to provide them with food and shelter, whereas cats can hunt and live on their own. 47 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 1.A lake is a big body of water. 2. Most lakes have fresh water in them. 3. People like to go to the lake to fish, swim, or ride in a boat. 4. The water for lakes comes from the melting snow that travels down through the rivers. 45 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No Constructed Response Closure Why is the passage below NOT a compare-and-contrast pattern? Explain your answer. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ Summary Closure What did you learn today about identifying the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text? Day 1 ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Day 2 ________________________________________________________________________________________________ 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  7. Independent Practice Name _____________________ The compare-and-contrast pattern is writing that tells how two or more things are similar or different. Identify the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text. 1. Basketball and soccer are both sports. 2. Like soccer, basketball is played with a round ball. 3. Soccer is played by kicking the ball with feet, whereas basketball is played with hands. 4. Soccer is played with 11 players different from basketball that is played with five players. 45 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 1.Ocean Beach is near San Diego, California. 2.The water is salty, and the sands are beautiful colors of brown. 3.It stretches out to the horizon1. 4.People like to go surfing and swimming there. 5.The town is small and quiet. 1 where the land or sea seems to meet the sky 39 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  8. Independent Practice (continued) The compare-and-contrast pattern is writing that tells how two or more things are similar or different. Identify the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text. 1.The best place to take a vacation is the mountains because there is so much to do. 2.You can go for a dip1 in the lake. 3.You can also take long hikes2. 4.You can go horseback riding with groups led by experienced people. 5. There are campsites for people to stay at, or you can go backpacking into the wilderness and camp there. 1 swim (idiom) 2 walks (synonym) 62 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 1. Birds and squirrels both live in trees. 2. Also, birds and squirrels like gardens1. 3. Birds can fly but squirrels can’t. 4. Squirrels walk and run very fast. 5. Birds lay eggs, different from squirrels that have live babies . 6. Unlike birds, which have feathers, squirrels have fur. 1 area where plants are grown 44 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  9. Periodic Review 1 Name ______________________ The compare-and-contrast pattern is writing that tells how two or more things are similar or different. Identify the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text. 1. Spring time is when everything starts to grow and bloom. 2. People plant vegetable gardens and flower gardens. 3. The blossoms on the trees mean there will soon be fruits and nuts ready to eat. 4. There are many newborn animals and birds in the spring. 5. Many people consider spring time as the time when everything is new again. 56 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  10. Periodic Review 1 (continued) The compare-and-contrast pattern is writing that tells how two or more things are similar or different. Identify the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text. 1. Peaches and nectarines are very similar fruit. 2.The peach is different from the nectarine in that it has fuzz1 on its skin and does not bruise2 as easily. 3. The nectarine, on the other hand, is juicier. 4. Peaches and nectarines have the same reddish-orange color and a pit3 in the center of the fruit. 1 hair-like covering 2 damage 3 seed (synonym) 53 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 1. Cats come in many different sizes and colors. 2. Some cats are very large and can weigh up to ten pounds or more. 3. Some cats are very small and may only weigh two or three pounds. 4. There are many different colors of cats like black, white, or white and orange. 5. Some cats have a mixture1 of colors. 1 blend of two or more different things 56 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  11. Periodic Review 2 Name___________________________ The compare-and-contrast pattern is writing that tells how two or more things are similar or different. Identify the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text. 1.Pecans and peanuts are both nuts.2. Pecans grow on trees which is different from peanuts which grow underground. 3. Pecans and peanuts also have shells. 4. They are grown for food too and can be eaten raw or used in cooking. 5. Unlike pecans that are grown in orchards1, peanuts are grown in fields. 1 large groups of trees 51 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 1. Polar bears live in the snowy, northern regions. 2. They are very big and white. 3. A polar bear’s diet consists mainly of seals. 4. The polar bear cubs like to play in the snow. 5. Polar bears are considered a marine1 mammal. 6. Polar bears hibernate or sleep through the winter and give birth to their young during this time. 1 related to the sea 54 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  12. Periodic Review 2 (continued) The compare-and-contrast pattern is writing that tells how two or more things are similar or different. Identify the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text. 1. Paper airplanes are fun to make. 2. There are many different types that can be made. 3. You can make them in many different shapes and sizes. 4. They can be decorated1 by drawing pictures on them or they can be made from colored paper. 5. Paper airplanes can be very, very small or very big. 6. They are fun for all ages. 1 colored, painted 58 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 1. Screws and nails are similar types of fasteners1. 2. Nails are used with a hammer, but you need a screwdriver to use a screw. 3. Nails are smooth and have no grooves2, different from screws that have grooves and are rough. 4. Both nails and screws can be used to fasten two pieces of materials together. 1 used to hold two things together 2 thin line cut into a hard surface 53 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  13. Periodic Review 3 Name___________________________ The compare-and-contrast pattern is writing that tells how two or more things are similar or different. Identify the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text. 1. Reptiles come in many forms. 2. Snakes, lizards, turtles, alligators, and crocodiles are all types of reptiles. 3. Most reptiles are cold-blooded. 4. They never have fur or feathers. 5. Reptiles typically1 have scales. 6. Reptiles lay eggs and build nests to keep their eggs in. 7. Most reptiles live in the warmer areas of the world. 1 usually (synonym) 51 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 1. People sometimes confuse turtles and tortoises. 2. They both have shells. 3. Unlike tortoises who are mostly land dwelling1, many turtles live in the water. 4. Tortoises have short feet with strong bent legs, whereas turtles have webbed feet like a duck with long claws. 5. Like the tortoise, turtles lay their eggs on land. 1 living 51 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  14. Periodic Review 3 (continued) The compare-and-contrast pattern is writing that tells how two or more things are similar or different. Identify the compare-and-contrast pattern in informational text. 1. Butterflies and moths are insects. 2. Insects are small animals that have six legs, a body that is divided into three parts, and sometimes have two pairs of wings. 3. Like butterflies, moths have wings and antennae1. 4. Butterflies hold their wings up when they land. 5. Moths on the other hand, hold their wings flat. 6. The antennae on a butterfly have little balls on the end, whereas those on moths do not. 1 two long thin parts on an insects head 74 words Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No Compare-and-contrast text? Yes No 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.

  15. EDI – Cognitive, Teaching and English Learners Strategies

  16. Blank Page 4th Grade Reading Comprehension 2.1 (3Q) Identify structural patterns found in informational text (e.g., compare and contrast, cause and effect, sequential or chronological order, proposition and support) to strengthen comprehension. Lesson to be used by EDI-trained teachers only.