Principles of Landscape Design

# Principles of Landscape Design

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## Principles of Landscape Design

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1. Principles of Landscape Design • BALANCE • PROPORTION • SIMPLICITY • VARIETY • UNITY • SEQUENCE

2. Principles of Landscape Design • BALANCE: A state of equilibrium, equality in weight, value or importance.

3. Principles of Landscape Design BALANCE: Two types of balance… • Symmetrical – formal, static… Achieved using the same thing on each side of a central axis. Symmetry can be boring.

4. Principles of Landscape Design BALANCE: Two types of balance… • Asymmetrical – casual, movement… Achieved by using similar ideas but different things on either side.

5. Principles of Landscape Design BALANCE: • Mass Collection – within the framework of either symmetry or asymmetry, mass collection is one other method for establishing order in a design composition.

6. Principles of Landscape Design BALANCE (mass collection creates order) Yes! Plants are grouped together in masses No! Plants are separated and scattered

7. Principles of Landscape Design BALANCE (mass collection creates order)

8. Principles of Landscape Design • PROPORTION (or scale): the way things relate to each other with respect to size (big-medium-little). • In residential design we want elements that are in proportion to each other. • Much difference in size creates dissonance…unable to reconcile one element with another. • If you have huge elements and small elements you will need something in the intermediate range to bring them together.

9. Principles of Landscape Design PROPORTION Disproportionate Proportionate

10. Principles of Landscape Design PROPORTION • Proportionate or disproportionate • Disproportionate

11. Principles of Landscape Design PROPORTION • Proportionate or disproportionate • Proportionate

12. Principles of Landscape Design • SIMPLICITY: limiting change or variation. • Limit the number of themes. The viewer needs to experience the landscape a little at a time. • Common error is trying to do too much. Too many different elements.

13. Principles of Landscape Design SIMPLICITY Simple but monotonous

14. Principles of Landscape Design SIMPLICITY Simple but not monotonous

15. Principles of Landscape Design • VARIETY: A landscape without variety is monotonous. • However, A lot of different things is not variety. • Rather it is more like one thing that stands out among other things. • Group things to make a unit. Add something of interest - a focal point.

16. Principles of Landscape Design VARIETY Too much variety causes visual confusion

17. Principles of Landscape Design VARIETY Careful use of variety allows emphasis to be placed where desired

18. Principles of Landscape Design VARIETY • Variety adds spice, adds interest • Too much variety = confusion Simple Varied Monotony Confusion

19. Principles of Landscape Design UNITY: Tying the landscape together. • Curves can be a unifying theme. • Similar backgrounds for all of the foregrounds. • Same color/different plant. • Strong elements to unify the landscape: COLOR, CURVES, LINES, CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS, TEXTURES.

20. Principles of Landscape Design UNITY: Tying the landscape together. Repetition: Selected plant material should be repeated throughout the landscape.

21. Principles of Landscape Design UNITY: Tying the landscape together. Repetition: Selected plant material should be repeated throughout the landscape.

22. Principles of Landscape Design UNITY: Tying the landscape together. Interconnection: When interconnection is utilized the eye can move smoothly from one element to another.

23. Principles of Landscape Design UNITY: Tying the landscape together. Unity of three: Whenever three elements of the same kind are grouped together you get a strong sense of unity.

24. Principles of Landscape Design • SEQUENCE (Rhythm): An orderly progression. • From low spreading plants to vertical plants. • From here to there. Near to far. Turf-shrubs-trees. • Sequence helps the eye move smoothly from one area to another.

25. Principles of Landscape Design SEQUENCE (Rhythm): can be achieved through the graduation in size and type of plants used.