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The Effects of Theme Associated Asynchronous Music and Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance PowerPoint Presentation
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The Effects of Theme Associated Asynchronous Music and Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance

The Effects of Theme Associated Asynchronous Music and Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance

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The Effects of Theme Associated Asynchronous Music and Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance

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  1. The Effects of Theme Associated Asynchronous Music and Familiar Asynchronous Music on Motor Performance Megan Crawford, Kara Buckner, Mike Porter, and Amanda Lindsey Culver-Stockton College

  2. Asynchronous Music - coexistent background music. Theme Associated Music - music associated with a previous experience that produces an image in the mind, from memory. Definitions

  3. Hypothesis Participants will ride the stationary exercise bike a greater distance in a given time period when they are presented with theme associated asynchronous music compared to familiar, upbeat, asynchronous music.

  4. Literature Review • Support our hypothesis • Copeland & Franks (1991) • Boutcher& Trenske (1990) • Uppal & Datta (1990) • Gfeller (1988) • Lucaccini & Kreit (1972) • Contradict our hypothesis • Patton (1991) • Schwartz, Fernhall & Plowman (1990) • Lee ((1989)

  5. Participants • 38 Culver-Stockton College students • 19 Athletes; 19 Non-athletes • Given extra credit in Psychology courses • Tested individually

  6. Familiar Upbeat Asynchronous Music Christina Aguilera - “Dirty” 50 Cent - “In ‘da Club” Taken from the Top 25 Billboard Chart Familiar Theme Asynchronous Music Survivor - “Eye of the Tiger” Rocky III Kenny Loggins - “Danger Zone” Top Gun Music Choice

  7. Procedure • Informed consent • Begin riding bike • default settings • Checked Stats every 4 minutes for 16 minutes • RPM, distance ridden, and heart rate • Debriefing form

  8. Results • Performed a two-way mixed ANOVA • The analysis showed: • (1) Main effect of Music, p < .0001 • (2) Marginal interaction between music type and athlete, p = .142

  9. Main Effect of Music • Total mean distance ridden in miles • Theme = 2.745 ( SD = .092) • Upbeat = 2.595 (SD = . 073

  10. Main Effect of Music

  11. Interaction • Athletes mean distance ridden in miles • Theme = 2.735 (SD= .084) • Upbeat = 2.568 (SD = .067) • Significant difference, t(37) = 7.178; p <.0001 • Non-Athletes mean distance ridden in miles • Theme = 2.737 (SD = .101) • Upbeat = 2.621 (SD = .071) • Significant difference, t(18) = 3.074; p = .007

  12. Interaction Between Music and Athlete

  13. Implications for Future Studies • Control group with no asynchronous music • Survey of preferred type of music before experiment • Use upbeat familiar music and sedative slow music • Vary levels of volume for music

  14. Questions?