CAT TIEN NATIONAL PARK - VIETNAM CAT TIEN NATIONAL PARK
Core Zone area: 71,350 ha. Cat Loc Sector: 27,530 ha. (Lam Dong) Tay Cat Tien Sector : 4,193 ha. (Binh Phuoc) Nam Cat Tien Sector: 39,627 ha (Dong Nai) CAT TIEN NATIONAL PARK- VIET NAM Since 12/1998, Cat Tien National Park has been put under management by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development CAT TIEN NATIONAL PARK
Buffer Zone areas: 251,445 ha Buffer zone with 33 communes, townlets of 8 districts, 4 provinces: Dong Nai, Lam Dong, Binh Phuoc and Dac Nong. So far now, about 170,000 people live in the buffer zone area, of whom about 4,500 people are living inside the Park.
Core Zone: 71,350 ha Buffer Zone: 253,973 ha Transition Zone: 403,433 ha, belonging to 53 communes, townlets of 4 provinces: Dong Nai, Lam Dong, Binh Phuoc and Dac Nong. CAT TIEN BIO-SPHERE RESERVEUNESCO Committee approved Cat Tien National Park as the Bio-Sphere Reserve on 10/11/2001. Bio-Sphere Reserve area: 728,756 ha, including:
BIO-DIVERSITY RESOURCES • FLORA SYSTEM 5 main type forests • Evergreen forest • Semi-deciduous forest • Deciduous forest • Mixed bamboo forest • Bamboo forest
THE DIVERSITY OF FLORA 1,610 species, 75 orders, 162 families, 724 branches The rare and precious tree species 38 species, 13 families
FAUNA Yellow-cheeked gibbon Nomascus garbrialle MAMMALS 105 species belong to 29 families, 11 orders; 39 endanged species. Deer Cervus unicolor Yellow-cheeked gibbon Nomascus garbrialle Deer Cervus unicolor Deer Cervus unicolor Gaur Bos gaurus Mouse deer Tragulus javanicus Bear Macaque Macaca airctoides Large-toothed Ferret Badger Melogale personata Vietnam rhinos Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus Sun bear Helarctos malayanus
BIRDS 351 species, 64 families, 18 orders; 31 End. species. Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio Germain’s Peacock Pheasant Polyplectron germaini Siamese Fireback Lophura diardi Great Hornbill Buceros bicornis Lesser Whistling-duck Dendrocygna javanica Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus Orange-necked Partridge Arborophila davidi Green Peafowl Pavo munticus Chinese Pond Heron Ardeola bacchus Blue-winged Pitta Pitta moluccensis
REPTILE 109 species, 17 families, 4 orders; 20 End. species. Speckled Forest Skink Draco maculatus Banded Krait Bungarus fasciatus Garden Fence Lizard Calotes versicolor Siamese crocodile Crocodylus siamensis Indo-Chinese Water Dragon Physignathus cocincinus Asian Giant Terrapin Heosemys grandis Tockay Gekko gecko White-lipped Pit-viper Trimeresurus albolabris albolabris Garden Fence Lizard Calotes versicolor Indo-Chinese Water Dragon Physignathus cocincinus Burmese Python Python molurus bivittatus
AMPHIBIANS 41 species, 6 families, 2 orders; 3 End. species. Common Asian Treefrog Rhacophorus leucomystax Rana taipehensis Floating Froglet Occidozyga lima Common Asian Treefrog Rhacophorus leucomystax Plain Opposite-fingered Treefroglet Chirixalus nongkhorensis Common Asian Treefrog Rhacophorus leucomystax Woodgrain Pigmy Frog Microhyla pulchra Common Asian Treefrog Rhacophorus leucomystax
FISH 159 species,34 families,11 orders; 8 End. species. Arowuara Sclesopapes formosus Fish lake
INSECTS 756 species, 68 families, 9 orders; 2 End. species. The giant mormor Batilio memnon Tailed jay Brafium agamenon Cheirotonus gestroi Rose swallow tail Pach liopta aristolochiae Stichopthalma albofasciata uemurai Zeltus amasa
RESPONSIBILITIES BY CAT TIEN NATIONAL PARK 4 main responsibilities • To protect and manage forests. • To conduct scientific researches to serve conservation objectives • Together with the local authorities, to improve local living conditions through projects • To organize environmental education and eco-tourism activities.
IMPLEMENTATION STEPS • Community education work: Buffer Zone workshop, development of Sign boards, posters, leaflets, green clubs, Drawing competitions among schools • Patrolling, Checking, Preventing, Arresting and fining violators • Improvement of local communities: Agro-forestry extension, forest allocation for protection, development of traditional jobs and work, development of community-based eco-tourism. • Co-ordination with local communities in implementation of Degree N.o 245/TTg on forest protection and management, organization of Patrolling, mobile courts among the surrounding areas.
ECO-TOURISM 13 eco-tourism trails • Lagerstroemia pure stand • Ben Cu rapids • Bau Sau trail • Ficus trail • Troi and Dung rapids • Oc eo cultural remains • Botanical garden • Afzelia xylocarpa tree • 6 branched lagerstroemia • Bird lake • Eco-trail • Mo Vet rapids • Ta Lai ethnic minority
Landscapes in Bau Sau wetlands Attractive spot for tourists
RESULTS GAINED • Consolidating and completing step by step organizational structure in Cat Tien National Park • Infrastructure and facilities are improved • Good relationship with the local authorities • The local living conditions have been improved • Bio-diversity is effectively managed and protected • The local awareness of bio-diversity is improved
PROJECTS BEING IMPLEMENTED IN CAT TIEN NATIONAL PARK • Cat Tien National Park Conservation Project • Forest Protection and Rural development Project • 661 program by Government budget • Rhino Patrolling and Monitoring Project funded by US Wildlife & Interior Fish Services
THREATS, OPPORTUNITIES AND POTENTIAL • Education and interpretation are not conducted well enough, continued and strategic on the national level • The relationship among departments is not closed enough in bio-diversity management and protection, sometimes overlaps
Buying potentials from wildlife restaurants lead aggressive violators enter illegally into the park for poaching • Population increase, poverty are deep reasons to violations, which put high pressure on bio-diversity conservation THREATS
OPPORTUNITIES • Cat Tien National Park always receives interest and investment from Vietnam Government, Ministry of Agriculture & Rural Development and from other relevant departments as well • Environment protection, natural resources management are not only issues for a country, but also for the whole world • The local communities and authorities are gradually aware of forest protection and bio-diversity conservation.
POTENTIALS • Rich bio-diversity, beautiful landscapes with moist tropical moonsun evergreen forests, many rare, Endangered and endemic species. • With the large semi wetlands of 2,500 ha, this is an sensitive and highly diverse habitat • Cat Tien National Park has a potential of rich and long history and culture; Oc Eo cultural remains, part of D Vietnamese Military Base. • Cat Tien National Park is located between the tourism tour from Ho Chi Minh City – Da Lat City Nha Trang City, 150 km from Ho Chi Minh City and other industrial zones. Good traffic networks.
CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES AND STRATEGIES Objectives: • Effective conservation of natural resources in Cat Tien National Park. • Minimizing and finishing destructive behaviors against forest resources. Strategies: Long term strategies: • Sustainable management and development of natural resources in Cat Tien National Park. • Development of Cat Tien National Park in harmonious combination between the core zone and the buffer zone.
FIVE YEAR STRATEGIES • Improved activities by forest guards and technical staff; application of scientific achievements into conservation • Combination of basic and intensive surveys into conservation. • Co-ordination with the local administration of all levels in implementation effectively of present projects. • Enlargement of cooperation relations with departments, scientific research organizations national and international
LESSONS LEARNT • No confrontation with the local communities in terms of forest protection and management. Usage of interpretation and education as top priority measures • Close relationship with the local communities and relevant departments to coordinate well enough forest protection ad management • Taking advantage of supports and investment from individuals, scientific research organizations in experience, knowledge and funding used for conservation. • Consisting to fight against and prevent and treat illegal behaviors against forest protection and development laws. • Showing interest in the local living conditions, willingness to support the locals when having opportunities