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Chapter 13 PowerPoint Presentation

Chapter 13

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Chapter 13

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  1. Chapter 13 Swedish Massage Techniques

  2. Topic 13–2: Petrissage • Petrissage: rhythmic stroke that lifts muscle off bone and other muscles; compresses it between fingers; rolls muscle fibers as muscle falls back into position. • Stimulate circulation in muscles. • Make soft tissue more pliable. • Break up adhered fibers.

  3. Topic 13–2: Petrissage • Effects of Petrissage • Stimulates sebaceous secretion; conditions skin. • Stimulates local circulation to warm soft tissue; improves nutrient and waste exchange. • Decreases muscle tension. • Decreases adhesions in soft-tissue structures.

  4. Topic 13–2: Petrissage • Effects of Petrissage • Adhesions lead to decreased blood flow, decreased ROM, pain, decreased function in the area. • When you run myofascial fibers through your fingers during petrissage stroke, stroke: • Helps break up adhesive bonds. • Makes tissue more pliable. • Gives ground substance good stirring.

  5. Topic 13–2: Petrissage • Effects of Petrissage • Skin rolling: lifts skin and superficial fascia away from underlying muscle; rolls it through fingertips. • Reduces adhesions in superficial fascia. • Should not be used on atrophied muscles that lack moderate tone. • Not applied over open skin legions, skin diseases, bruises, acute injuries, inflammation, varicose veins.

  6. Topic 13–2: Petrissage • Application of Petrissage • Wrap one hand around tissue, keeping your fingers together as unit. • Lift muscle away from bone until you feel it stretch. • Roll muscle through your fingers and out of your hand as your other hand lifts up another section of tissue.

  7. Topic 13–2: Petrissage • Application of Petrissage • Too much lubricant prevents you from getting good hold on muscle; use little lubricant for this technique. • Rhythmic, kneading action continued over entire body area. • Often referred to as “milking” tissue of metabolic wastes because of increase in local circulation.

  8. Topic 13–2: Petrissage • Application of Petrissage • How much lift and squeeze to use depends on body area where stroke applied. • Be careful not to pinch client or pull on body hair during petrissage. • If client complains that stroke is pinching, make sure that you lift enough tissue during stroke.

  9. Topic 13–2: Petrissage • Application of Petrissage • To flush metabolic wastes released from tissue, apply effleurage strokes directly after petrissage. • Pay attention to lift of tissue and its texture as it runs through your fingers.

  10. Topic 13–2: Petrissage • Application of Petrissage • Differences in tissue tells you about health of myofascia; how much massage needed in particular area. • Check with client frequently to ensure pressure of stroke comfortable. • See Technique 19: Petrissage.