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Ch. 3 & 7 – The Mole. Molar Conversions (p.80-85, 221-226). VERY. A large amount!!!!. A. What is the Mole?. A counting number (like a dozen) Avogadro’s number (N A ) 1 mol = 6.02 10 23 items. A. What is the Mole?. HOW LARGE IS IT???.

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## Molar Conversions (p.80-85, 221-226)

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**Ch. 3 & 7 – The Mole**Molar Conversions(p.80-85, 221-226) C. Johannesson**VERY**A large amount!!!! A. What is the Mole? • A counting number (like a dozen) • Avogadro’s number (NA) • 1 mol = 6.02 1023 items C. Johannesson**A. What is the Mole?**HOW LARGE IS IT??? • 1 mole of pennies would cover the Earth 1/4 mile deep! • 1 mole of hockey pucks would equal the mass of the moon! • 1 mole of basketballs would fill a bag the size of the earth! C. Johannesson**B. Molar Mass**• Mass of 1 mole of an element or compound. • Atomic mass tells the... • atomic mass units per atom (amu) • grams per mole (g/mol) • Round to 2 decimal places C. Johannesson**B. Molar Mass Examples**12.01 g/mol 26.98 g/mol 65.39 g/mol • carbon • aluminum • zinc C. Johannesson**B. Molar Mass Examples**• water • sodium chloride • H2O • 2(1.01) + 16.00 = 18.02 g/mol • NaCl • 22.99 + 35.45 = 58.44 g/mol C. Johannesson**B. Molar Mass Examples**• sodium bicarbonate • sucrose • NaHCO3 • 22.99 + 1.01 + 12.01 + 3(16.00) = 84.01 g/mol • C12H22O11 • 12(12.01) + 22(1.01) + 11(16.00) = 342.34 g/mol C. Johannesson**MASS**IN GRAMS MOLES NUMBER OF PARTICLES C. Molar Conversions molar mass 6.02 1023 (g/mol) (particles/mol) C. Johannesson**C. Molar Conversion Examples**• How many moles of carbon are in 26 g of carbon? 26 g C 1 mol C 12.01 g C = 2.2 mol C C. Johannesson**C. Molar Conversion Examples**• How many molecules are in 2.50 moles of C12H22O11? 6.02 1023 molecules 1 mol 2.50 mol = 1.51 1024 molecules C12H22O11 C. Johannesson**C. Molar Conversion Examples**• Find the mass of 2.1 1024 molecules of NaHCO3. 2.1 1024 molecules 1 mol 6.02 1023 molecules 84.01 g 1 mol = 290 g NaHCO3 C. Johannesson

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