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Prisons and Jails

Prisons and Jails

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Prisons and Jails

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  1. Prisons and Jails • Early Punishments Lex Talionis Flogging Mutilation Branding Public Humiliation: Shaming Workhouses Exile

  2. Prisons and Jails • The Emergence of Prisons the Penitentiary Era (1790-1825) Philadelphia’s Walnut Street Jail Pennsylvania System • The Mass Prison Era (1825-1876) Auburn Model

  3. Prisons and Jails • The Reformatory Era (1876-1890)Alexander Maconochi and Sir Walter Crofton (Irish prisons). The Elmira Reformatory and the Birth of Parole. • The Industrial Era (1890-1935) Prison Industries: Hawes-Cooper Act

  4. Prisons and Jails • The Punitive Era (1935-1945) • The Treatment Era (1945-1967)Therapeutic Model: Rehabilitation • The Community-Based Era (1967-1980) Work releases, halfway houses • Warehousing Era (1980-1995) mandatory sentences: 3 strikes and you’re out. Rise of prison populations.

  5. Prisons and Jails • The Just Desserts (1995- Present) • Prisons Today • The Federal Prison SystemBOPSentencing Reform Act • Classification of Federal System5 Security levels

  6. Prisons and Jails • Classification of Federal System5 Security levelsAdmin. Max (ADMAX)High, Medium, low and minimumHigh=PenitentiariesMedium and Low=Federal Correctional InstitutionsMinimum=Federal Prison Camps

  7. Prisons and Jails • Jails Called the Shame of the CJS • Private Prisons

  8. Probation and Parole • What is Probation? • Extent of Probation • What is Parole?Parole boards/Statutory Decrees • Extent of Parole • Intermediate Sanctions: Alternative Sentencing

  9. Probation and Parole • Intermediate Sanctions: Alternative Sentencing Intensive Supervision House Arrest with Electronic Monitoring Shock Incarceration—Boot camps • The Future of Probation and Parole