Ecuador It’s in the middle.
The Geography • Area: • 276,840 sq. km, or about the size of the state of Colorado • Made up four different geographical locations: • The Andes Mountain • The Coast • The Amazon • The Galapagos Island • Large Cities • Quito- Capital, located in the Andes mountains • Guayaquil- largest city, located on the coast
The people • Population- • almost 14 million • People Groups • Indigenous- 6.8%, • Mestizo -77.4%, • Caucasian & others- 10.8%, • African 4.9%. • Languages • Spanish • Quichua • Shuar • Religion • Roman Catholic- 95% Traditional dress of a Quichua woman
The government • Form of government • Republic • Voting • Obligatory for adults 18-65 years • President • Rafael Correa 2007- Present • Vice President • Lenin Moreno 2007- Present 1954 picture of the Plaza de Independencia in Quito where the government branches are housed
The economy • Per Capita GDP • $3,670- 2008 • $3,366- 2007 • $3,115- 2006 • National Exports • Petroleum, Bananas, Shrimp, Flowers, • Natural Resources • Petroleum, Fish, Shrimp, Timber, Gold. • Currency • U.S. Dollar
The history • Flourishing advanced indigenous cultures were conquered by the Inca Empire in the 15th century. • 1534- Arrival of Spanish and conquering of Incan Empire • 1563- Quito becomes seat of a royal "audiencia" (administrative district) of Spain. Ancient ruins of Ingapirca, an indigenous civilization, taken over by the Incas and eventually the Spanish conquistadors.
The history -continued • 1882- Ecuador wins independence from Spain • 1830- Ecuador becomes separate republic after 8 years in Simon Bolivar’s Republic of Gran Colombia • 19th century- marked by instability, with a rapid succession of rulers. The conservative Gabriel Garcia Moreno unified the country in the • 1860s- unification under Gabriel Garcia Moreno with the support of the Catholic Church. • Late 1800s- world demand for cocoa tied economy to commodity exports and led migrations from the highlands to the agricultural frontier on the coast. Spanish Revolutionary SimónBolivar
Galapagos Islands • A small island 1,000 km off the pacific coast of Ecuador • Convergence point of several ocean currents, creating a unique environment for animals, flora, and fauna • Made up of 13 large island, 6 smaller ones and over 40 inlets • Made famous by Charles Darwin and its role in his Origin of the Species • Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO While we see a giant turtle, to a local, this is a “galapagos.”
Galapagos Islands- Wildlife • 50% of the birds, 32% of the plants 25% of the fish, as well as many of the invertebrates are unique only to the Galapagos • Animals found on the islands include: • marine and land iguanas • lava lizards • more than 13 species of varying finches and and flightless cormorants, • small penguins • flamingos • albatrosses • boobies- red footed, white footed and blue footed World Famous Blue Footed Boobie
Galapagos- Marine iguanas • The Galapagos are home to the world’s only sea faring iguana. Click on the play button to watch a short video on these extraordinary creatures! Simply double click on the video to play!
Question #1 What is the currency of Ecuador? A. The Peso B. The Quetzal C. The Euro D. The Dollar
Question #2 • What is the dominant religion in Ecuador? A. Islam B. Roman Catholicism C. Christianity D. None of the Above
Question #3 • What is the name of the large “turtles” found on the Ecuadorian Islands? A. Galapagos B. Giant Turtles C. Blue Footed Boobies D. Albatrosses
Question #4 • Which is the following is NOT a dominant language in Ecuador? A. Quichua B. Spanish C. Shuar D. Mayan
Links • Below are some websites that offer additional information on Ecuador • http://www.elcomercio.com/default.asp • Read one of Quito’s main newspapers to see the most current Ecuadorian news • http://www.eluniverso.com/ • Read one of the main papers of Guayaquil, the largest city in Ecuador, located on the coast • http://www.galapagosislands.com/ • Want to plan a trip to see the Galapagos for yourself? Click here to learn more!
Credits • Information on the Galapagos Island, retrieved July 15, 2009, from • http://www.ecuaworld.com/discover/galapagos.htm • Information on mainland of Ecuador, retrieved July 15, 2009, from • http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/35761.htm# • Image of Quito from 1954, retrieved, July 15, 2009, from • www.ploung.com/Plaza%20Quito%20Ecuador.jpg • Image of Simon Bolivar, retrieved July 15, 2009 from • http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/southamericaweb/factfile/Unique-facts-SouthAmerica9.htm • Map of Ecuador Image, retrieved July 14, 2009 • geoinfo.amu.edu.pl/wpk/factbook/geos/ec.html • Image of Petroleum production, retrieved July 14, 2009 from • http://www.allamericanpatriots.com/news_topics/nancy_pelosi?page=1 • Image of Ingapirca ruins, retrieved July 14, 2009 from • www.flickr.com/photos/aether8m/188163304/ • Video from: • Marine Iguanas of the Galapagos Islands. Discovery Channel School.(2002). Retrieved July 17, 2009, fromDiscovery Education: http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com/ • All other photos are from my personal photo gallery, taken during my year long stay in Ecuador