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Future Forms

Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0488. Anglický jazyk. Future Forms. Mgr. Žaneta Janečková. FUTURE FORMS. PRESENT SIMPLE - for timetables, programmes, etc. e.g. The film starts at 8 p.m. PRESENT CONTINUOUS

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Future Forms

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  1. Inovace výuky na Gymnáziu Otrokovice formou DUMů CZ.1.07/1.5.00/34.0488 Anglický jazyk Future Forms Mgr. Žaneta Janečková

  2. FUTURE FORMS • PRESENT SIMPLE - for timetables, programmes, etc. e.g. The film starts at 8 p.m. • PRESENT CONTINUOUS - for arrangements in the near future e.g. I´m leaving for Los Angeles tomorrow. e.g. I´m seeing my doctor this afternoon.

  3. BE GOING TO - for intensions, plans and ambitions e.g. I´m going to pay the heating bills. - for predictions based on what we can see or know (evidence) e.g. There´s a crash of thunder. It´s going to rain. • WILL - for predictions based on what we think, imagine or believe e.g. One day I ´ll be a famous star.

  4. - with verbsexpect, believe, think, hope, etc., with adverbsperhaps, probably, certainly, etc., and the expressions be sure, be afraid, etc. e.g. I don´t think he will come. - for on-the-spot decisions e.g. It´s hot in here. I´ll open the window. - for offers e.g. I´ll help you. - for promises e.g. I won´t give away your secret.

  5. - for requests e.g. Will you do me a favour, please? - for refusals e.g. I won´t help you. - for threats and warnings e.g. I ´ll kill you. - for actions, situations or events that will definitely happen in the future and which we can´t control. e.g. Next year I´ll be 20.

  6. FUTURE CONTINUOUS - when you want to say that you will be in the middle of doing something at some time in the future e.g. I wonder what I will be doing this time next year. - for actions which will definitely happen as a part of a routine or arrangement e.g. I will be cleaning the house tomorrow. I always do it. e.g. He will be travelling with his company next week.

  7. - you ask politely about someone´s plans, especially if you want something e.g.Will you be using your car tonight? No, why? I would like to borrow it. • FUTURE PERFECT WILL + HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE - something will be complete before a certain time in the future e.g. I will have finished my work by 2 p.m.

  8. time expressions used with future perfect : before, by, by then, by the time, until FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS WILL + HAVE + BEEN + VERB+-ING - when we want to emphasize the duration of an action up to a stated time in the future e.g. By the end of this year I will have been working here for six years.

  9. TIME CLAUSES (future) • when using time ords and expressions ( when, while, before, once, as long as, by the time, until, as soon as,if, etc.), we use present simple, not will e.g. I will call you as soon as I arrive. • after when, until, after, as soon as we can also use present perfect (but not if two things happen together) e.g. When I´ve called Jane, we will have dinner. ( = First I will call her, after that we´ll have dinner).

  10. we use will with: - when – used as question word e.g. When will they arrive? - if/whether – when showing uncertainty or ignorance ( I doubt, I wonder, etc.) e.g. I wonder if I ´ll pass this exam. • SHALL I / WE - to make an offer or suggestion e.g. Shall we go to the cinema tonight?

  11. Použité zdroje • DOOLEY, Jenny a Virginia EVANS. Grammarway 3. Newbury: Express Publishing, 1999. 1st ed. ISBN 978-1-842-16-367-2. . • MURPHY, Raymond. English Grammar in Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994. 2nd ed. ISBN 0521 43680 X. Všechny objekty použité k vytvoření prezentace jsou součástí SW Microsoft Office nebo jsou vlastní originální tvorbou autora.

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