14 INSTRUMENT 20 SEP 2012 15 NOV 2012 18 OCT 2012 DEPARTURE PROCEDURES This publication is required for this class
Enabling Learning Objective H • ACTION: Plan and conduct a departure from an airfield • CONDITION: As an Army Aviator with all appropriate publications • STANDARD: IAW FM 3-04.240, DOD Flip, AR 95-1, AIM.
Why are Departure Procedures (DPs) Necessary? • Primary Reason: • Obstacle Clearance Protection • Secondary Reasons: • Facilitates transition to the enroute structure safely • At Busier Airports: • Increases Efficiency • Reduces Communications • Reduces Departure Delays REF: AIM Pg 5-2-5/6
During Take-Off/ Departure • Minimum Rate of Climb • 200 ft per NM • Climb to 400 ft above airport/heliport elevation before any turn.
T/O from an Airport: Climb 210 Feet Per Nautical Mile Feet Per Minute Rate of climb
GS = 80knots • Takeoff minimums requiring a climb rate of 200 feet per NM • Find : Rate of climb required 267 fpm
AR 95-1, Ch 5, Para 5-3 a, b, c • All aviators will comply with published nonstandard IFR takeoff minimums and departure procedures in flight information publications.
Ceiling and Visibility requirements are for the “aviator flying the aircraft (P*) on takeoff.” • If P* has logged <50 hrs actual Wx time as PC: • takeoff minimums = 100 - ¼ • If P* has logged >50 hrs actual Wx time as PC: • takeoff minimums = none • (“has no Army takeoff minimums.”)
TYPES OF DEPARTURE PROCEDURES (DP’s)
There are TWOTypes of Departure Procedures • Obstacle Departure Procedures (ODPs) • Graphical • Textual • Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs) Ref: AIMS para 5-2-8
DIVERSE DEPARTURE No ODP is published Minimum rate of climb: 200Ft/Nm No turn until passing: 400 Ft AGL
DIVERSE DEPARTURE Use at Airports without an ODP
Obstacle Departure Procedures (ODP) (Text) And Take-Off Minimums
Obstacle Departure Procedures (Text) • Preplanned IFR Departure Procedure • Provides Obstruction Clearance • May require: • Greater than standard takeoff ceiling and/or visibility. • A specified altitude before turning. • A greater than 200 ft per NM Climb rate.
Use Table of Contents Index Of Instrument Procedure Charts Determine if IFR Take-Off minimums (Non Standard) are published for departure airport.
“Obstacle” DepartureProcedure (Graphic)
Obstacle Departure Procedures (Graphic) • Preplanned IFR Departure Procedure • Published in graphic and text format. • Provides Obstruction Clearance • May be flown without an ATC Clearance.
May be filed in a flight plan Using the computer code – (KIENO 1 • KIENO)
Where Can I Depart From? AIRPORT Diagram (from Approach Chart) Location and layout of helipads Airport elevation
Standard Instrument Departure (SID)
SID LEGEND NAVAIDS ROUTES ALTITUDES MINIMUM SAFE ALTITUDE
Use Table of Contents Index Of Instrument Procedure Charts Determine if a Standard Instrument Departure (SID) is available for an airport.
CLIOS Two Departure
MARGIN INFORMATION NOTE FORMAT: CLIOS 2 • CLIOS Name of procedure Computer coded identifier for use on flight plans Originating Agency Area served Pilot Nav
PLAN VIEW Current Weather Receive ATC clearance. Hover Taxi Instructions Hover Taxi Instructions Communication Information Clearance for TAKE-OFF ATC controller after Take-off As directed by ATC NAVAID Information Published Routes Radials
DEPARTURE ROUTE DESCRIPTION Initial Departure Heading BASIC DEPARTURE PROCEDURE
HOUND Two Departure
OPPTO Two Departure
Army 12345 intercepting the Cairns 273 radial. Resume own navigation. Army 12345 turn left to heading 300. Aircraft may be vectored from Cairns to OPPTO intersection. Army 12345 turn left to heading 210. BASIC SID ends at OPPTO intersection CRESTVEW Transition
POPER One Departure (Pilot Nav)
Turn and track the MAI 300R toward Marianna NOTE: Basic procedure ends at HOUND Flying the MARIANNA Transition Double bar set to MAI 114.0 NAV 2 Single bar set to OZR 111.2 NAV 1 Single bar reset to RRS 111.6 NAV 1 Pilot Nav
Flying the CHEWS Transition Double bar set to MAI 114.0 NAV 2 Single bar set to RRS 111.6 NAV 1
Other Departure Procedures Radar Departure When the departure is to be vectored immediately following Takeoff: The aviator is advised before takeoff of the initial heading to be flown Departure control vectors the aircraft to either a navigation facility or an en route position appropriate to the departure clearance
B. VFR • Fly at the appropriate VFR altitude as prescribed in part 91. • Comply with VFR visibility and distance-from-cloud criteria in part 91. • Comply with IFRs applicable to this flight (minimum IFR altitudes, position reporting, radio communications, course to be flown, and adherence to ATC clearance).
Obtain an ATC Clearance • Towered Airport • Clearance Delivery • Ground Control
Obtain an ATC Clearance • Airport w/o Tower or Tower Closed • Radio (FSS) • RCO (Remote Communications Outlet) • GCO (Ground Communications Outlet) • Telephone (1-800 WX BRIEF) • 992-7433 graphic graphic
An ATC Clearance • Aircraft identification. • Clearance limit. • SID • Route of flight • Altitude data in the order flown. • Holding instructions. • Any special information. • Frequency and beacon code information.
Check on Learning 1. What is the Primary Purpose of a departure procedure? • Obstacle Clearance Protection 2. What are the two types of departure procedures? • Obstacle departure procedure (ODP). • Standard Instrument Departure (SID). 3. If no OPD or SID is published, what type of instrument departure will you make? • Diverse Departure