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INSTRUMENT PowerPoint Presentation

INSTRUMENT

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INSTRUMENT

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  1. 14 INSTRUMENT 20 SEP 2012 15 NOV 2012 18 OCT 2012 DEPARTURE PROCEDURES This publication is required for this class

  2. Enabling Learning Objective H • ACTION: Plan and conduct a departure from an airfield • CONDITION: As an Army Aviator with all appropriate publications • STANDARD: IAW FM 3-04.240, DOD Flip, AR 95-1, AIM.

  3. Why are Departure Procedures (DPs) Necessary? • Primary Reason: • Obstacle Clearance Protection • Secondary Reasons: • Facilitates transition to the enroute structure safely • At Busier Airports: • Increases Efficiency • Reduces Communications • Reduces Departure Delays REF: AIM Pg 5-2-5/6

  4. Design Criteria

  5. During Take-Off/ Departure • Minimum Rate of Climb • 200 ft per NM • Climb to 400 ft above airport/heliport elevation before any turn.

  6. Determine rate of climb.

  7. T/O from an Airport: Climb 210 Feet Per Nautical Mile Feet Per Minute Rate of climb

  8. GS = 80knots • Takeoff minimums requiring a climb rate of 200 feet per NM • Find : Rate of climb required 267 fpm

  9. TAKE-OFF REQUIREMENTS

  10. AR 95-1, Ch 5, Para 5-3 a, b, c • All aviators will comply with published nonstandard IFR takeoff minimums and departure procedures in flight information publications.

  11. Ceiling and Visibility requirements are for the “aviator flying the aircraft (P*) on takeoff.” • If P* has logged <50 hrs actual Wx time as PC: • takeoff minimums = 100 - ¼ • If P* has logged >50 hrs actual Wx time as PC: • takeoff minimums = none • (“has no Army takeoff minimums.”)

  12. TYPES OF DEPARTURE PROCEDURES (DP’s)

  13. There are TWOTypes of Departure Procedures • Obstacle Departure Procedures (ODPs) • Graphical • Textual • Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs) Ref: AIMS para 5-2-8

  14. DIVERSE DEPARTURE No ODP is published Minimum rate of climb: 200Ft/Nm No turn until passing: 400 Ft AGL

  15. DIVERSE DEPARTURE Use at Airports without an ODP

  16. Obstacle Departure Procedures (ODP) (Text) And Take-Off Minimums

  17. Obstacle Departure Procedures (Text) • Preplanned IFR Departure Procedure • Provides Obstruction Clearance • May require: • Greater than standard takeoff ceiling and/or visibility. • A specified altitude before turning. • A greater than 200 ft per NM Climb rate.

  18. Use Table of Contents Index Of Instrument Procedure Charts Determine if IFR Take-Off minimums (Non Standard) are published for departure airport.

  19. “Obstacle” DepartureProcedure (Graphic)

  20. Obstacle Departure Procedures (Graphic) • Preplanned IFR Departure Procedure • Published in graphic and text format. • Provides Obstruction Clearance • May be flown without an ATC Clearance.

  21. May be filed in a flight plan Using the computer code – (KIENO 1 • KIENO)

  22. Departure Planning

  23. Where Can I Depart From? AIRPORT Diagram (from Approach Chart) Location and layout of helipads Airport elevation

  24. Standard Instrument Departure (SID)

  25. SID LEGEND NAVAIDS ROUTES ALTITUDES MINIMUM SAFE ALTITUDE

  26. Use Table of Contents Index Of Instrument Procedure Charts Determine if a Standard Instrument Departure (SID) is available for an airport.

  27. CLIOS Two Departure

  28. MARGIN INFORMATION NOTE FORMAT: CLIOS 2 • CLIOS Name of procedure Computer coded identifier for use on flight plans Originating Agency Area served Pilot Nav

  29. PLAN VIEW Current Weather Receive ATC clearance. Hover Taxi Instructions Hover Taxi Instructions Communication Information Clearance for TAKE-OFF ATC controller after Take-off As directed by ATC NAVAID Information Published Routes Radials

  30. DEPARTURE ROUTE DESCRIPTION Initial Departure Heading BASIC DEPARTURE PROCEDURE

  31. SID ends at CLIOS intersection

  32. HOUND Two Departure

  33. Pilot Nav

  34. SID ends at HOUND intersection

  35. OPPTO Two Departure

  36. Radar Vectors Required

  37. Army 12345 intercepting the Cairns 273 radial. Resume own navigation. Army 12345 turn left to heading 300. Aircraft may be vectored from Cairns to OPPTO intersection. Army 12345 turn left to heading 210. BASIC SID ends at OPPTO intersection CRESTVEW Transition

  38. POPER One Departure (Pilot Nav)

  39. Turn and track the MAI 300R toward Marianna NOTE: Basic procedure ends at HOUND Flying the MARIANNA Transition Double bar set to MAI 114.0 NAV 2 Single bar set to OZR 111.2 NAV 1 Single bar reset to RRS 111.6 NAV 1 Pilot Nav

  40. Flying the CHEWS Transition Double bar set to MAI 114.0 NAV 2 Single bar set to RRS 111.6 NAV 1

  41. Other Departure Procedures Radar Departure When the departure is to be vectored immediately following Takeoff: The aviator is advised before takeoff of the initial heading to be flown Departure control vectors the aircraft to either a navigation facility or an en route position appropriate to the departure clearance

  42. B. VFR • Fly at the appropriate VFR altitude as prescribed in part 91. • Comply with VFR visibility and distance-from-cloud criteria in part 91. • Comply with IFRs applicable to this flight (minimum IFR altitudes, position reporting, radio communications, course to be flown, and adherence to ATC clearance).

  43. Obtain an ATC Clearance • Towered Airport • Clearance Delivery • Ground Control

  44. Obtain an ATC Clearance • Airport w/o Tower or Tower Closed • Radio (FSS) • RCO (Remote Communications Outlet) • GCO (Ground Communications Outlet) • Telephone (1-800 WX BRIEF) • 992-7433 graphic graphic

  45. An ATC Clearance • Aircraft identification. • Clearance limit. • SID • Route of flight • Altitude data in the order flown. • Holding instructions. • Any special information. • Frequency and beacon code information.

  46. Check on Learning 1. What is the Primary Purpose of a departure procedure? • Obstacle Clearance Protection 2. What are the two types of departure procedures? • Obstacle departure procedure (ODP). • Standard Instrument Departure (SID). 3. If no OPD or SID is published, what type of instrument departure will you make? • Diverse Departure

  47. ? QUESTIONS