14 INSTRUMENT 23 JAN 2003 20 MAR 2003 20 Feb 2003 DEPARTURE PROCEDURES 14
Enabling Learning Objective H • ACTION: Plan and conduct a departure from an airfield • CONDITION: As an Army Aviator with all appropriate publications). • STANDARD: IAW FM 3-04.240, DOD Flip, and AR 95-1.
PURPOSE: • Departure Procedures provide: • Obstacle Clearance. • Planning information for minimum ceiling and visibility requirements,rate of climb, and altitudes to climb to.
During Take-Off/ Departure • Minimum Rate of Climb • Airports – 200 ft per NM • Heliports – 352 ft per NM • FM 3-04.240 & FAA Instrument Flying Handbook
During Take-Off/ Departure Climb to 400 ft above airport/heliport elevation before any turn. Higher altitudes may be required. TB AVN 1-2130 SP, FAA Instrument Flying Handbook Determine rate of climb.
T/O from an Airport: Climb 210 Feet Per Nautical Mile Feet Per Minute Rate of climb
GS = 80knots • Takeoff minimums requiring a climb rate of 352 feet per NM • Find : Rate of climb required 468 fpm
TYPES OF DEPARTURE PROCEDURES (DP’s)
Departure Procedures (DP’s) • Diverse Departure • Obstacle Departure Procedures • IFR Take-Off Minimums “Text” • Obstacle “Graphic” • Standard Instrument Departure (SID’s) • Pilot Nav • Vector • Radar Departure • VFR
AR 95-1, Ch 5, Para 5-3 • a. Ceiling and Visibility requirements for the person flying the aircraft at Take-Off. • Less than 50 hrs actualWx as PC – 100 - ¼ • More than 50 hrs actual Wx as PC – 0-0 • b. Comply with non-standard procedures when published.
DIVERSE DEPARTURE No obstacles, identified, at an airport with an instrument approach, that encroach into the Obstacle Identification Slope. A turn in any direction at the minimum rate of climb will avoid any obstacle.
DIVERSE DEPARTURE Airports without Take-Off Minimums listed have no obstacles that penetrate the OIS.
Obstacle Departure Procedures (ODP) (Text) And Take-Off Minimums
Obstacle Departure Procedures (Text) • Preplanned IFR Departure Procedure • Provides Obstruction Clearance • May require: Greater than standard ceiling and/or visibility. • A specified altitude before turning. • A greater than 200 ft per NM Climb rate. • May be flown without an ATC Clearance. • May have information about obstacles only.
Use Table of Contents Index Of Instrument Procedure Charts Determine if IFR Take-Off minimums (Non Standard) are published for departure airport. (Non-Standard Wx Minimum, ODP, and/or obstruction information)
“Obstacle” DepartureProcedure (Graphic)
Obstacle Departure Procedures (Graphic) • Preplanned IFR Departure Procedure • Published in graphic and text format. • Provides Obstruction Clearance • May be flown without an ATC Clearance.
May be filed in a flight plan Using the computer code – (KENO 1 • KENO)
Standard Instrument Departure (SID)
Standard Instrument Departure • (SID’s) • An ATC requested and developed procedure. • Requires Radar services for development and use. • ATC clearance required.
PURPOSE: • Expedite clearance delivery. • Facilitate seamless transition between Take-Off and en-route operations. • Reduces Pilot/Controller work load. • Ensure obstacle clearance (avoidance).
Where Can I Depart From? AIRPORT SKETCH (from Approach Chart) Location and layout of helipads Airport elevation
Use Table of Contents Index Of Instrument Procedure Charts Determine if a Standard Instrument Departure (SID) is available for an airport.
SID LEGEND NAVAIDS ROUTES ALTITUDES MINIMUM SAFE ALTITUDE
MARGIN INFORMATION NOTE FORMAT: CLIOS 2 • CLIOS Name of procedure Computer coded identifier for use on flight plans Originating Agency Area served Pilot Nav
PLAN VIEW Current Weather Receive ATC clearance. Hover Taxi Instructions Hover Taxi Instructions Communication Information Clearance for TAKE-OFF ATC controller after Take-off As directed by ATC NAVAID Information Published Routes Radials
DEPARTURE ROUTE DESCRIPTION Initial Departure Heading BASIC DEPARTURE PROCEDURE
HOUND Two Departure
OPPTO Two Departure
Army 12345 intercepting the Cairns 273 radial. Resume own navigation. Army 12345 turn left to heading 300. Aircraft may be vectored from Cairns to OPPTO intersection. Army 12345 turn left to heading 210. BASIC SID ends at OPPTO intersection CRESTVEW Transition
SKIPO Two Departure
Basic SID ends at SKIPO intersection SID ends at SKIPO intersection
Other Departure Procedures Radar Vectors VFR
Obtain an ATC Clearance An authorization to conduct IFR/IMC operations
Obtain an ATC Clearance • Towered Airport • Clearance Delivery • Ground Control
Obtain an ATC Clearance • Airport w/o Tower or Tower Closed • Radio (FSS) • RCO (Remote Communications Outlet) • GCO (Ground Communications Outlet) • Telephone (1-800 WX BRIEF) • 992-7433
Check on Learning 1. What is the purpose of a departure procedure? To provide obstacle avoidance, information and procedures 2. What are the types of departure procedures? • Obstacle departure procedure (ODP). • Standard Instrument Departure (SID). 3. Who do you contact to obtain an ATC Clearance at an airport with an operating control tower. Clearance Delivery if there is one, otherwise Ground Control.