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How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese?

How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese?

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How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese?

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  1. How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese? • Os jogos olímpicos são disputados a cada 4 anos. • Mais um carro foi incendiado no Rio. • O novo ar condicionado será instalado nas férias

  2. How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese? • Os jogos olímpicos sãodisputados a cada 4 anos. • Mais um carro foiincendiado no Rio. • O novo ar condicionado seráinstalado nas férias

  3. How do we make passive sentences in Portuguese? ser + verbo principal (particípio)

  4. How do we make passive sentences in English? to be + main verb (past participle)

  5. Students’ own examples

  6. How do we make passive sentences in English? • Present simple: My car isserviced twice a year. • Present continuous: My car is being serviced now. • Past simple: My car wasserviced last month. • Past continuous: My car was beingserviced when I went to the garage. • Present perfect: My car has already beenserviced. • Past perfect: My car had beenserviced by 2 o’clock. • Future simple: My car will beserviced tomorrow. • Future perfect: My car will have beenserviced by Monday. • Modals: My car must beserviced before the trip.

  7. two-object verbs • I gave Ann a book for her birthday.

  8. two-object verbs • I gave Anna book for her birthday. • A book was given to Ann for her birthday (by me). • Ann was given a book for her birthday (by me).

  9. two-object verbs • ask • pay • sell • offer • tell • buy • bring • send • lend • promise • write • give

  10. two-object verbs • I lent Paulsome money. • Some money was lent to Paul (by me). • Paul was lent some money (by me).

  11. two-object verbs • She asked mea favour. • A favour was asked of me (by her). • I was asked a favour (by her).

  12. two-object verbs • Laura will send mepostcards from Hungary. • Postcards will be sent to me from Hungary (by Laura). • I will be sent postcards from Hungary (by Laura).

  13. When to use passive sentences? • When we do not know who the agent is. • When it is irrelevant to mention who the agent is. • When this agent is obvious. • In other words, when the execution of the action is the important information.

  14. Passive: have something done • I hadmyhair cut. ≠ • I cutmyhair.

  15. Passive: have something done • I hadthehousecleaned. ≠ • I cleanedthehouse.

  16. Passive: have something done • I hadthecarrepaired. ≠ • I repairedthe car.

  17. Passive: it is said that... • People say [that Alexandre likes heavy metal]. • It is said [that Alexandre likes heavy metal].

  18. Passive: it is supposed that... • People suppose [that Rio is a very dangerous place]. • It is supposed [that Rio is a very dangerous place].

  19. Passive: it is known that... • People know [that Romário is lazy]. • It is known [that Romário is lazy].

  20. Passive: it is expected that... • People expect [that all the students pass this course]. • It is expected [that all the students pass this course].

  21. General structure • People say [that Alexandre likes heavy metal]. expect* believe think know suppose consider understand

  22. General structure • It is said [that Alexandre likes heavy metal]. expected* believed thought known supposed considered understood

  23. Passive: he is said to...

  24. Passive: he is known to...

  25. General structure • He is said to like heavy metal. expected believed thought known supposed considered understood

  26. People say [that Alexandre likes heavy metal]. • It is said [that Alexandre likes heavy metal]. • Alexandre is said to likeheavy metal.

  27. People suppose [that Rio is a very dangerous place]. • It is supposed [that Rio is a very dangerous place]. • Rio is supposed to bea very dangerous place.

  28. People know [that Romário is lazy]. • It is known [that Romário is lazy]. • Romário is known to belazy.

  29. People expect [that all the students pass this course]. • It is expected [that all the students pass this course]. • All the students are expected to pass this course.

  30. People know [that Collor was a corrupt president]. • It is known [that Collor was a corrupt president]. • Collor is known to have been a corrupt president.

  31. People consider [that Marilyn was a gorgeous woman]. • It is considered [that Marilyn was a gorgeous woman]. • Marilyn is considered to have been a gorgeous woman.