IMPERSONAL PASSIVE SENTENCES THAT CLAUSE TO INFINITIVE CLAUSE
IT IS SAID THAT • A common way of reporting what is said by people in general or by an unspecified group of people is to use: it + passive verb ( be+ past participle)+ that clause: • It is reported that the defence minister is to resign. • It has been acknowledged that lack of funding is part of the problem. • It can be seen that unemployment figures rose sharply in November.
OTHER VERBS Other verbs that can be used in this pattern include: • AGREE / ALLEGE / ANNOUNCE / ASSUME / BELIEVE/ CALCULATE / CLAIM / CONSIDER / DECLARE / DISCOVER/ESTIMATE / EXPECT / FEEL / FIND / KNOW/ MENTION / PROPOSE / RECOMMEND / RUMOUR / SAY/ SHOW / SUPPOSE / THINK / UNDERSTAND
TO INFINITIVE IMPERSONAL PASSIVES • An alternative to it + passive verb + that clause is to use the subject of the main sentence + passive verb (be+past participle)+ to-infinitive. Here are a few examples using some of the words above: • It is claimed that the terrorist is living abroad or • The terrorist is claimed to be living abroad. • It is alleged that three hundred people died in the plane crash or • Three hundred people are alleged to have died in the plane crash.
MORE EXAMPLES • It is thought that he stole over a million pounds or • He is thought to have stolen over a million pounds. • It was reported that he was killed in a fire or • He is reported to have been killed in a fire. • It is expected that the strike will begin tomorrow or • The strike is expected to begin tomorrow.
THERE + BE IN THE PASSIVE VOICE • When a that-clause begins that + there, we can make a passive form: there + passive verb + to be. Compare: • It is thought (that) there are too many obstacles to peace or • There are thought to be too many obstacles to peace. • It was alleged (that) there had been an explosion or • There was alleged to have been an explosion.