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PASSIVE SENTENCES

PASSIVE SENTENCES

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PASSIVE SENTENCES

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  1. PASSIVE SENTENCES

  2. OUTLINE • Passive voice • Change in order • Change in verb phrase • By-agent • Double-object passive • Have/get something done • Passive with reporting verbs

  3. PASSIVE VOICE • A: Our friends denied the evidence • P: The evidence was denied by our f. • Changes in order • Changes in the verb phrase

  4. PASSIVE VOICE • Changes in order • Active subject becomes by –agent • Object becomes Passive subject

  5. PASSIVE VOICE • Verb Phrase • Formula: verb “to be”= tense active +past participle of the active verb • Ex: Lucas cleans his room everyday • Ex: The room is cleaned by Lucas every day

  6. PASSIVE VOICE • CHART ON TENSES

  7. PASSIVE SENTENCES • BY-AGENT • POSITION: AT THE END OF THE SENTENCE • FORM: • I/You/he/she/we/they will bring some flowers • Some flowers will be brought by Me/you/him/her/us/them

  8. Passive Agent • When is by-agent not required? • Three situations: • We don´t know who the agent is • It is not important nor relevant • We don´t want to mention the agent • EX. A lot of money was stolen in the robbery • Ex: This room was cleaned yesterday

  9. DOUBLE-OBJECT PASSIVE • VERBS WITH TWO OBJECTS: ASK OFFER PAY SHOW TEACH TELL • Both direct and indirect objects can become the subject of the passive sentence • EX: We gave information to the police • Ex: The police was given some information • EX: Some information was given to the police • Person objects are more likely to appear as subjects

  10. HAVE/ GET SOMETHING DONE • Situation: The roof of Jill´s house was damaged in a storm, so she arranged for somebody to repair it. Yesterday a workman came and did the job

  11. HAVE/GET SOMETHING DONE • Structure: • Subject ( recipient of the action)*+ Have or get( inflected) +object( upon which some action has been done) +past participle.

  12. HAVE/GET SOMETHING DONE • Ex. My car has just broken down. They will repair it at the garage • EX: I´ll get/ I´ll have my car repaired • Ex: Some stole our money while we were lying on the beach • Ex: We had / got our money stolen while we were lying on the beach

  13. PASSIVE WITH REPORTING VERBS • LOOK AT THE EXAMPLES • People say Jules is only thirty years old • It is said that Jules is only thirty years old • Jules is said to be only thirty years old

  14. PASSIVE WITH REPORTING VERBS • THINK, BELIEVE, CONSIDER, REPORT, KNOW, EXPECT, ALLEGE, UNDERSTAND

  15. PASSIVE WITH REPORTING VERBS • SIMPLE INFINITIVE • People say Cathy works hard • It is said Cathy works hard • Cathy is said to work hard

  16. PASSIVE WITH REPORTING VERBS • PROGRESSIVE /CONTINUOUS INFINITIVE • People believe the police are looking for a missing boy • It is believed the police are looking for a missing boy • The police are believed to be looking for a missing boy

  17. PASSIVE WITH REPORTING VERBS • Perfect infinitive • They allege he kicked a policeman • It is alleged he kicked a policeman • He is alleged to have kicked a policeman