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Passive

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Passive

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  1. Passive

  2. Read the following sentences about the news storiesand underline the main verb in each. • Shaun Kenna, a Brisbaine firefighter, rescued his ex-wife from a burning house. • A Melbourne woman was rescued from a burning house by her ex-husband. • A Chilean teenager tried to rob a bus with his mother on board. • Every year thousands of accidents are caused by ordinary items such as soft toys, slippers etc. • A lot of money will be raised for charity at the concert tonight. • Raul Hartena has been fined $130.

  3. Simple tenses: TO BE+PAST PARTICIPLE

  4. China imports most of its soy beans from Brazil. Most of China’s soy beans ………………………………………. from Brazil. Steve Jobs found Apple Computers in 1976. Apple Computers ………………………………………………….. in 1976. The slow progress in our Latin American markets has disappointed us. We ……………………………………………………. by the slow progress in our Latin American markets. Millions of people see this ad every day. This ad …………………………………… by millions of people every day. We cannot ship your order until we receive payment in full. Your order …………………………………….. until we receive payment for it. They will not accept your proposal. Your proposal ……………………………………………………………………… Someone gave me a copy of the report. I ……………………………………………… a copy of the report.

  5. Passive: continuous tenses • I hear they are introducing a new parking scheme in the town centre. • A new parking scheme is being introduced in the town centre. • I think that we were being followed yesterday evening. • I think somebody was following us yesterday evening.

  6. Passive: continuous tenses • I hear they are introducing a new parking scheme in the town centre. • A new parking scheme is being introduced in the town centre. • I think that we were being followed yesterday evening. • I think somebody was following us yesterday evening.

  7. Continuous tenses: BE+BEING+PAST PARTICIPLE

  8. Complete these sentences using the verbs in the present continuous or past continuous passive. ask, audit, pay, promote, not replace, sack, upgrade • I’m ..... next year - I’m going to be a director at last. • A colleague of mine ......for selling confidential data. She leaves on Friday. • Our computers ....after all, but the software...to the latest version. • Some manual workers...weekly until last year. Now they get a monthly pay check. • The accounts...next week. There’ll be a team of five or six people doing it. • We ...... to work longer hours to finish a contract by the end of next month.

  9. Rewrite each sentence with a passive verb. • The authorities have closed the casino. • Someone broke into our house last week. • Nowadays people everywhere speak English. • The city council will ban all the traffic from the city centre. • The organizers are postponing the meeting. • Someone left this bag in reception. • The local authorities have finally opened the new motorway. • They were expecting a guest.

  10. Look at the following sentences and write questions using the passive form. The car was stolen between 10 p.m. And the midnight. (ask when) The tickets for concert are sold at all largemusic stores. (ask where) The CEO meeting has been cancelled. (ask why) Forty people have been injured. (ask how many) The new hospital will be built next to the old one. (ask where)

  11. Active or Passive WEAR MAKE COST EXPORT “...and this is the last stage of the production process. As you know, Swift trainers are very expensive, and the reason why they 1. ................ so much is that they 2............ of the highest quality leather. We 3........... over 10 million trainers to countries all around the world and our shoes 4. ........ by all people, from top athletes to children at school.” WRITE GIVE STAY BE “...and that 1. .............a track from the latest CD by Didi Brown. The songs on the album 2. ..............by Didi herself while she 3. .............in Ireland last year. The CD goes on sale next week and half the money from the sales 4. ............... to the “Children in Need” fund.” COME OPEN CHECK REDESIGN “This is the new Primera Consul, Sir. As you can see, it 1........ The seats are more comfortable and there’s a sunroof which 2. ........ when you press the button. This model also 3. ....... with all the latest safety features, which 4. ............ very carefully by our technicians before they leave the factory.“

  12. The passive: use • To focus the main topic of the sentence The CEO bought the company in 2006. The company was bought by the CEO in 2006. • If the person who does the verb is unknown or unimportant The company was founded in 2006. (interested in when not who) • The doer of the verb is obvious or “people in general“ Kitchen staff are not allowed to wear jewellery. (obviously by their employer or the law)