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PASSIVE VOICE. Business English 3 Unit 11. Structure. Passive Form : form of be + past participle . Ex. Christ Church was built in 1172. This house could have been built in 1450. Be careful : After / Before being fermented , yeast is removed from the mixture. Uses.

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  1. PASSIVE VOICE Business English 3 Unit 11

  2. Structure • PassiveForm: form of be + pastparticiple. Ex.ChristChurchwasbuilt in 1172. Thishousecouldhavebeenbuilt in 1450. Be careful: After/Beforebeingfermented, yeastis removed fromthe mixture.

  3. Uses • Passivevoiceisusedwhenthemessageneedstobe impersonal. Forexample, • A mistakehas beenmade(by Ellen). • Thechurchwasbuiltin 1208. (Whobuiltit?—no informationisgiven) • Coffeebeansare groundtobrewcoffee. (Whogroundthem? – unimportantdetail.)

  4. Active vs. Passive • We use active voice more frequently. Ex. Mary bakedtheapple pie. In passivevoice, thissentencewouldbe: Theapple pie wasbakedby Mary.

  5. Forms of theverb “be” • Am • Is • Are • Was + PastParticiple • Were • (modal verb) be • (Has, have, had) been

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