PASSIVE VOICE • The Beatles tried new styles of music in the 60s In The Active Voice, we give importance to the agent of the action (Active Subject) • New styles of music were tried by The Beatles in the 60s In the Passive Voice, we give importance to the result of the action (Passive Subject) or the action itself.
ACTIVE VERB Present Simple: try / tries Present Continuous: is trying Past Simple: tried Past Continuous: was trying / were trying Present Perfect: have tried / has tried Will: will try Be going to: is / are going to try Modal verbs: Can: can try Must : must try PASSIVE VERB: be + Past Participle is tried / are tried is being tried / are being tried was tried / were tried was being tried / were being tried have been tried / have been tried will be tried is / are going to be tried Modal verbs: can be tried must be tried PASSIVE VOICEVERB
PASSIVE VOICESTRUCTURE SUBJECT + ACTIVE VERB + OBJECTS + ADVERBIALS PASSIVE SUBJECT + PASSIVE VERB + ADVERBIALS + (AGENT) The Beatleslaunchedtheir last album in 1969 The Beatles’ last albumwas launched in 1969 by them
PASSIVE VOICE Leaving out the AGENT • We don’t know it: Someone stole our garden furniture last summer Our garden furniture was stolen last summer • It is not important or it is obvious. The builders built our house in two years. Our house was built in two years • A translation of our “Pasiva Refleja” or “Impersonal” Cars are rented (Se alquilan coches)
PASSIVE VOICE • Where can you omit the AGENT? This picture was painted by Picasso in 1928 My house was painted by the painters two years ago My car was fitted two weeks ago by a different mechanic. New flats are sold by them. The stairs were damaged by someone last night. Today’s lesson has been prepared by the students.