Vandalism Chair of the DBCP Working Group on Vandalism Dr. R. Venkatesan firstname.lastname@example.org DBCP Technical Coordinator Kelly Stroker email@example.com
Summary and purpose of the document This document provides information on actions undertaken during the last intersessional period for preventing vandalism on data buoys.
Vandalism • Types of vandalism • Incidental fishing interaction • Intentional interaction • Theft • Impact of vandalism • Fishing lines impact on moorings and data transmission cables • Loss of equipment (solar panels, satellite antenna, electronics payload) • Damage (e.g. platform pulled off) • Buoy drifts away
Vandalism • Solutions / Vandalism proof designs • Make sensors and equipment more difficult to remove • Remove vulnerable sensors • Make buoys harder to board • Remove buoy attachment points • Deploy more subsurface moorings • Make buoy & instruments more cost effective • Solutions / Prevention • Educate fishermen • Public awareness • Law enforcement • DBCP leaflet (En, Sp, Fr, Ru, Jp, Ko)
DBCP Working Group on Vandalism • Primary Objectives: • to share lessons learned in counter vandalism efforts among buoy network operators • to facilitate a conversation among buoy operators on counter vandalism approaches; including technical, educational, operational, and enforcement approaches • to facilitate a conversation on the development of best practices to mature the various methodologies used to quantify the impacts of buoy vandalism • to serve as a communication channel within the DBCP for further information requests on the subject of vandalism following the release of the WMO vandalism report • Working Group Composition: • R. Venkatesan (India), National Institute Of Ocean Technology, Chair • Ross Hibbins (Australia), Australia Bureau of Meteorology (retired, 2011) • Mike McPhaden (USA), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration • K. Premkumar (India), Win marine consultancy services • Robert Weller (USA), Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute • Steve Cucullu (USA), NOAA • Etienne Charpentier, Secretariat
UN General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in December 2011 adopted Resolution A/66/L.21, Oceans and the Law of the Sea, which noted the 2011 DBCP report on ocean data buoy vandalism – incidence, impact and responses (WMO-IOC/DBCP Technical Document No. 41.) The UNGA urged States to take necessary action to cooperate with IOC, WMO and FAO to address damage to ocean data buoys. General Assemblyof the United Nations
WIO III - Mombassa The Task Team on Capacity Building discussed vandalism as it pertains to the Indian Ocean specifically and took up this issue during the DBCP WIO Capacity Building Workshop in Mombasa in 2012. The issue of vandalism and piracy are very important to operators in that region.
PMEL RAMA and PIRATA The PMEL RAMA and PIRATA vandalism statistics for Sept 2011 - Aug 2012 included major vandalism events are documented. They defined a major vandalism as all or most of the surface instrumentation had been taken or the buoy is missing altogether. Most RAMA moorings are recovered with some fishing line entangled in the subsurface portion of the mooring, which may or may not affect the data recovery.
NOAA/NDBC The NDBC vandalism statistics for the 2010-2011 period are included in the US national report (see DBCP-28 doc 13). The TAO/Triton array experiences, on average, some form of vandalism to 10% of the network each year. Often times, these buoys are difficult to maintain and the outage time can cause a data loss of nearly one year.
JAMSTEC JAMSTEC Japan reported that they experienced a unique way of fishing during the buoy service where a met ocean buoy was attached with another buoy and the anchor could not be lifted.
Canada Canada reported very few instances of intentional vandalism in our network of ~50 moored buoys. They submitted details of four cases where intentional vandalism has occurred dating back 2 years. They are recording vandalism events more systematically and will report annually to the group.
India India reported on vandalism events over the past year and their efforts to conduct awareness among the fishing community
Call from the Deep Sea 2012 The Deep Sea Fishermen meeting “Call from the Deep Sea” July 16-20 in Thoothoor Zone and subsequently in Chennai August 6-8, 2012 A successful awareness campaign was conducted where posters, banners, and video displays were presented in different locations along the villages This was the best opportunity to showcase the importance of moored buoys and the need to protect them
India - Images Damage in ICC Cable Entangled Fishnet on ADCP Frame BD14 Buoy Vandalized Hull floated at sea SW02 Buoy sensors and Antenna Vandalized
Sri Lanka In Sri Lanka, national agencies such as the National Aquatic Resources Research and Development Agency (NARA), Department of Fisheries & Aquatic Resources, the National Disaster Management Authority supported an awareness campaign. Radio broadcasting programs through the '' SAYURA radio'' regarding the importance and protection of data buoys and awareness programs for fisheries society along the coastal belt in Sri Lanka. Posters and banners were distributed to all Srilankan District Offices and Fishery Harbour Managers. A workshop for the Assistant Directors was organized throughout the island and they were educated on the importance of buoy systems. During October / November 2011 two training programmes were organized by the Coast Guard in the southern coastal villages of Sri Lanka.
Others The United Kingdom and NZ reported no vandalism in their waters.
Outreach and Awareness Awareness Materials: India initiated new activities in cooperation with other organizations such as regional fisheries management organizations of FAO, and the Bay of Bengal Programme (BOBP) for distributing awareness posters, banners, conducting local workshops, and meeting with respective Ministry of fisheries in member countries and fishermen association and associated bodies. Multilingual Sticker: Indian buoys and RAMA buoys were pasted with multilingual waterproof stickers on the surface of the buoy in eight Asian languages stating the importance of buoy data for weather forecast and tsunami warning.
MooredBuoyVandalism2010-2012 Between 2010-2012, vandalism occurred on over 11% of the network.
Technological Solutions India has developed protective hood, hidden antenna and surveillance camera and tested. In order to overcome the vandalism of Antenna fitted on top of the sensor mast of the buoy and was fitted inside the hood for data buoys and Tsunami Buoys Interruptions to INMARSAT communication on data transmission were noticed.
Technological Solutions NOAA USA informed that surface conical buoy design was implemented to discourage vandalism in 2008. Since a decrease in vandalism was not observed at deployed cone buoys, the design has been abandoned in favor of surface moorings that collect meteorological data as well as subsurface data.
Technological Solutions India and JAMSTEC Japan have adapted to special fasteners for mounting sensors and antenna onto the mast of buoy system. The Panel encouraged its members to undertake similar actions on investigation technical solutions for combating vandalism and report at the next Panel Session (action; DBCP members; DBCP-29).
Thank you! www.dbcp.jcommops.org Kelly Stroker firstname.lastname@example.org