Military Evolution of Warfare
Military an organization authorized by its nation to use force, usually including use of weapons, in defending its country (or attacking other countries) by combating actual or perceived threats.
History • Human conflict, constant factor in the process of human social evolution over thousands of years, its historical recording only spans six millennia. • it has always been with us, derived from conflicts with other species
Periods • Prehistoric warfare • Ancient warfare • Medieval warfare • Gunpowder warfare • Industrial warfare • Modern warfare
Prehistoric Weapons Weapons made of animal bones, wood, and stones. The spears remained the principal weapon of Prehistoric people. Although still used for hunting, it was also used in times of conflict with other groups.
Ancient Warfare Ancient warfare Weapons are made of metals like bronze and copper. Among these are edged weapons like knives and swords, bow types like the short bow, crossbow and longbow Chariot and archer The difference between prehistoric and ancient warfare is less one of technology than of organization.
Medieval Warfare The warfare of the Middle Ages. In Europe, technological, cultural, and social developments had forced a dramatic transformation in the character of warfare from antiquity, changing militarytactics and the role of cavalry and artillery. Medieval weapons varied from simple tools, like arrows, to complex engines of emerging medieval warfare technology, like cannons. Medieval weapons were made by skilled blacksmiths. The main materials being Steel and Iron.
Gunpowder Warfare Early Modern warfare is associated with the start of the widespread use of gunpowder and the development of suitable weapons to use the explosive. Gunpowder, also called black powder, is an explosive mixture of sulfur, charcoal and potassium nitrate, KNO3 (also known as saltpetre/saltpeter) that burns rapidly, producing volumes of hot solids and gases which can be used as a propellant in firearms and as a pyrotechnic composition in fireworks.
Industrial Warfare • Concept of "total war“ • The complete mobilization and subordination of all • resources • Capable of creating and equipping large armies and navies through the process of industrialization. LAND The advent of railroads (such as this one during the American Civil War) allowed armies to cover larger distances in shorter times while suffering minimal fatigue.
Industrial Warfare Designed by Leonardo da Vinci T-34 Soviet medium tank produced from 1940 to 1958. The world's best tank A 1906 Austro-Daimler Armoured Fighting Vehicle.
Industrial Warfare SEA Just as important was the development of submarines to travel underneath the sea, at first for short dives, then later to be able to spend weeks or months underwater powered by a nuclear reactor. Sealift is a military logistics term referring to the use of cargo ships for the deployment of military assets, such as weaponry, military personnel, and materiel supplies.
Industrial Warfare Aerial Italo-Turkish War War between the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Italy Japanese-Kamikazee
Industrial Warfare Technological advancements Machine guns are fully automatic guns. Rifling refers to the act of adding spiral grooves to the inside the barrel of a firearm. Artillery are large guns designed to fire large projectiles a great distance.
Industrial Warfare Nuclear Warfare "Little Boy"
Modern Warfare The concepts and methods have assumed more complex forms of the 19th and early-20th century antecedents largely due to the widespread use of highly advanced information technology. policy has been changed dramatically with greater awareness of tactical, operational and strategic battle information.
Modern Warfare :Types of Modern Warfare : Asymmetric warfare Information warfare Chemical Biological warfare Naval warfare Network-centric warfare Nuclear warfare Electronic warfare Space warfare Fourth generation warfare Ground warfare Guerrilla warfare