Uruguay Uruguay is located in South America The capital is Montevideo Population: 3,510,386 people The bordering countries are Argentinaand Brazil
The Sun emblem is the “Sun of May” with symbols freedom and independence. The nine white and blue stripes represents the nine providences located in Uruguay. This Uruguay flag was adopted on July 11, 1830 making this one of the oldest flag’s in the world. This flag had seventeen stripes in 1828, but it got reduced to nine in 1830. The colors of this flag was inspired by Argentina; the design was inspired by the United States.
Uruguay’s Independence During the early 1800’s, a solider named Jose Gerasio Artigas organized an army to fight for independence from Spain. In 1811, Artigas and his forces laid siege to Montevideo. Just when they had already defeated the Spaniards, Portuguese troops from Brazil attacked both the Spanish and Uruguayans armies. Rather than submit to either Spanish or Portuguese rule, Artigas led his forces and thousands of Uruguayans into the countryside leaving much of Uruguay abandoned. The Spanish surrendered Montevideo to troops in 1814. This surrender permanently ended Spanish control of Uruguay.
Historical Significance Indians were the first people to live in what is now Uruguay. They gathered wild fruit and seeds and hunted game for food. The Charrua Indians, the largest group, were a warlike tribe. In 1516, the Spanish navigator Juan Diaz de Solis became the first white person to land in Uruguay. But when he and part of his crew went ashore, the Charrua killed them. Because Uruguay lacked gold and other riches, it attracted few other Europeans until the later 1600’s.
Desembarco de los Treinta y Tres (Landing of the 33) This holiday is celebrated on April 19thcommemorating the fight by 33 Uruguayan patriots for independence from Portuguese.
Palacio Salvo Often referred to as the symbol of Montvideo, the Salvo Palace was once the tallest building in South America. There’s only 26 stories which make’s Salvo Palace the cities highest structure. Unfortunately, it’s highest floors are not open to the public, though you can visit the lobby, which host frequent exhibitions.
The Minning Sector of Uruguay Geological Setting and Discovery Potential Crystalline terrains crop out mainly in the south of Uruguay and are an extension of the Brazilian Shield. The crystalline outcrop area covers nearly 44% of the national territory and it is divided into two geochronologic provinces: a Craton province dating more than 1800 million years and an Oriental province between 700 and 600 million years old. The geology of Uruguay consists of a basement of Pre-Cambrian supracrustal rocks partially covered by younger sediments and flood basalts. The supracrustallithologic package includes a broad spectrum of intrusive, extrusive and sedimentary rocks ranging from large alkaline crystalline plutons, belts of felsic to ultrabasicvolcanics and a full suite of sediments.
José Gervasio Artigas Artigas was born in Montevideo on June 19, 1764. José Gervasio Artigas is revered as Uruguay's greatest national hero. Called the Primer Jefe de los Orientales and Primer estadista de la Revolución del Río de la Plata, (First Leader of the Orientales and first statesman of the Rio de la Plata Revolution,)
DelmiraAgustini DelmiraAgustini was born in Montevideo, Uruguay, in 1886. At a young age she began to compose and publish poems in literacy journals. Soon she attracted the attention of Latin America's preeminent intellectuals who, however, remarked her beauty and youth over her poetry. In 1907, DelmiraAgustini published her first book of poems called El libroblanco.
Uruguay’s Soccer(football) Team Soccer is the most popular sport in Uruguay. Many children begin playing soccer as soon as they walk. Soccer games draw huge crowds to the statiums. Goalkeepers: 1- Fabian Carini 12-Gustavo Manua 23- Federico Elduayen Defenders: 3- AlejanderoLembo 14-Gonzalo Sorondo 4- Paolo Montro 6- Dario Rodriguez 19-Joe Bizera 2- Gustavo Mendez Midfielders: 10-Fabian O'Neill 7-Gianni Guigou 22-Gonzalo de los Santos Midfielders: 10-Fabian O'Neill 7-Gianni Guigou 22-Gonzalo de los Santos 16-Marcelo Romero 15-Nicolas Olivera 5-Pablo Garcia Forwards: 9-Dario Silva 11-Federico Magallanes 18-Richard Morales 13-Sebastian Abreu 21-Diego Forlan 20-Alvaro Recoba 8-Gustavo Varela 17-Mario Regueiro
Works Cited Page Internet References: 1.) http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0108124.html#axzz0wDRI7y6f 2.) http://www.worldflags101.com/u/uruguay-flag.aspx 3.) http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/soccer/world/2002/world_cup/players/uruguay/ Book References: 1.) Wilkie, Richard W. “Uruguay” World Book Encyclopedia 2007 ed. Volume 20 2.) O’Malley, Charlie Uruguay California: Wiley Publishing Inc. 5th ed.