History and Government • The historical independence process had two big phases; first the country became a regional unit ( Banda Oriental ) and later, on July 18, 1830, an independent nation. • During the first years of being an independent country Uruguay received a great number of immigrants. • Uruguay enjoys a solid democracy and an excellent social environment. • There are three main political parties.
Population 2.788,4 2.955,2 3.163,8 Source :INE
Population Source :INE
Population Female Male Source :INE
Population Birth Mortality Source :INE
Population Female Total Male Source :INE
Literacy level • The official eduacational system is compulsory up to secondary level. • Its third basic principle is that it should not be influenced by ideological or religious beliefs of any kind. • The rate of literacy in the country is very high.
The Uruguayan Economy • Uruguay has an efficient service sector. • This strategy is made possible as a result of a political and social environment . • A frame of policies and incentives to promote the expansion of exports. • Mechanisms which make possible to promote the growth and diversification of agriculture and manifacturing for export.
The Uruguayan Economy • The private sector is considered to have a fundamental role in the future growth of the economy. • The current economy policies sustain as an essential resource for achieving the established objectives. • The Uruguay of today is engaged in a policy of Latin American integration.
Income per Capita Source :INE
Gross Domestic Product Brazil devaluation Aftosa Argentinian crisis Financial crisis Source :INE
Gross Domestic Product Source :INE
Inflation and Devaluation Devaluation Inflation 10,19 % 7,49 % Source :INE
Unemployment Source :INE
Trade Balance • As in the financial sphere, since the mid 70´s Uruguay has undertaken a progressive liberalization of its trade relations. • Imports , tariffs were reduced and quotas and other barriers were eliminated. • There are no non – tariff barriers. • Export promotion made it possible to break with the extreme dependence on a very limited number of commodities.