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Chapter 22 - The Respiratory System

Chapter 22 - The Respiratory System

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Chapter 22 - The Respiratory System

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  1. Chapter 22 - The Respiratory System Respiratory Anatomy Mechanisms of Breathing Gas Exchange Gas Transport Control of Respiration $100 $100 $100 $100 $100 $200 $200 $200 $200 $200 $300 $300 $300 $300 $300 $400 $400 $400 $400 $400 $500 $500 $500 $500 $500 FINAL ROUND

  2. Respiratory Anatomy:$100 Question • Air passing from the pharynx to the trachea must pass through the: • a. nasal cavity. • b. bronchi. • c. larynx. • d. diaphragm. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  3. Respiratory Anatomy:$100 Answer • Air passing from the pharynx to the trachea must pass through the: • a. nasal cavity. • b. bronchi. • c. larynx. • d. diaphragm. BACK TO GAME

  4. Respiratory Anatomy:$200 Question • This structure prevents food from entering the airway. • a. Vestibular fold • b. Urula • c. Laryngopharynx • d. Epiglottis ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  5. Respiratory Anatomy:$200 Answer • This structure prevents food from entering the airway. • a. Vestibular fold • b. Urula • c. Laryngopharynx • d. Epiglottis BACK TO GAME

  6. Respiratory Anatomy:$300 Question • The membrane that adheres to the outer surface of the lungs is the: • a. respiratory membrane. • b. visceral pleura. • c. parietal pleura. • d. mucosa. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  7. Respiratory Anatomy:$300 Answer • The membrane that adheres to the outer surface of the lungs is the: • a. respiratory membrane. • b. visceral pleura. • c. parietal pleura. • d. mucosa. BACK TO GAME

  8. Respiratory Anatomy:$400 Question • Which of the following delivers air to the lobes of the lungs? • a. Primary bronchi • b. Secondary bronchi • c. Tertiary bronchi • d. Terminal bronchioles ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  9. Respiratory Anatomy:$400 Answer • Which of the following delivers air to the lobes of the lungs? • a. Primary bronchi • b. Secondary bronchi • c. Tertiary bronchi • d. Terminal bronchioles BACK TO GAME

  10. Respiratory Anatomy:$500 Question • All of the following are part of the conduction zone except: • a. main bronchi. • b. respiratory bronchioles. • c. segmental bronchioles. • d. terminal bronchioles. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  11. Respiratory Anatomy:$500 Answer • All of the following are part of the conduction zone except: • a. main bronchi. • b. respiratory bronchioles. • c. segmental bronchioles. • d. terminal bronchioles. BACK TO GAME

  12. Mechanisms of Breathing:$100 Question • An increase in the volume of a container filled with air would have what effect on the pressure of the container? • a. Increase the pressure • b. Decrease the pressure • c. No effect • d. A temporary effect ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  13. Mechanisms of Breathing:$100 Answer • An increase in the volume of a container filled with air would have what effect on the pressure of the container? • a. Increase the pressure • b. Decrease the pressure • c. No effect • d. A temporary effect BACK TO GAME

  14. Mechanisms of Breathing:$200 Question • Surfactant decreases the __________ in the alveoli. • a. surface tension • b. pressure • c. compliance • d. volume ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  15. Mechanisms of Breathing:$200 Answer • Surfactant decreases the __________ in the alveoli. • a. surface tension • b. pressure • c. compliance • d. volume BACK TO GAME

  16. Mechanisms of Breathing:$300 Question • This volume of air remains in the lungs after maximal expiration. • a. Vital capacity • b. Expiratory reserve volume • c. Tidal volume • d. Residual volume ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  17. Mechanisms of Breathing:$300 Answer • This volume of air remains in the lungs after maximal expiration. • a. Vital capacity • b. Expiratory reserve volume • c. Tidal volume • d. Residual volume BACK TO GAME

  18. Mechanisms of Breathing:$400 Question • All of the following statements are true of inspiration except: • a. the rib cage is elevated. • b. the diaphragm is relaxed. • c. volume in the thoracic cavity has increased. • d. intrapulmonary pressure has decreased. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  19. Mechanisms of Breathing:$400 Answer • All of the following statements are true of inspiration except: • a. the rib cage is elevated. • b. the diaphragm is relaxed. • c. volume in the thoracic cavity has increased. • d. intrapulmonary pressure has decreased. BACK TO GAME

  20. Mechanisms of Breathing:$500 Question • Which of the following is responsible for keeping the lungs from collapsing? • a. Surfactant • b. Intrapulmonary pressure • c. Transpulmonary pressure • d. Intrapleural pressure ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  21. Mechanisms of Breathing:$500 Answer • Which of the following is responsible for keeping the lungs from collapsing? • a. Surfactant • b. Intrapulmonary pressure • c. Transpulmonary pressure • d. Intrapleural pressure BACK TO GAME

  22. Gas Exchange:$100 Question • Which of the following is the most abundant gas in our air? • a. Oxygen • b. Hydrogen • c. Nitrogen • d. Argon ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  23. Gas Exchange:$100 Answer • Which of the following is the most abundant gas in our air? • a. Oxygen • b. Hydrogen • c. Nitrogen • d. Argon BACK TO GAME

  24. Gas Exchange:$200 Question • The pressure exerted by each type of gas in a gas mixture is the __________ of that gas. • a. partial force • b. partial percentage • c. partial volume • d. partial pressure ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  25. Gas Exchange:$200 Answer • The pressure exerted by each type of gas in a gas mixture is the __________ of that gas. • a. partial force • b. partial percentage • c. partial volume • d. partial pressure BACK TO GAME

  26. Gas Exchange:$300 Question • Hyperbaric chambers are clinical applications of which gas law? • a. Boyle’s • b. Dalton’s • c. Frank-Starling • d. Henry’s ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  27. Gas Exchange:$300 Answer • Hyperbaric chambers are clinical applications of which gas law? • a. Boyle’s • b. Dalton’s • c. Frank-Starling • d. Henry’s BACK TO GAME

  28. Gas Exchange:$400 Question • The rate of oxygen diffusion across the respiratory membrane depends upon all of the following except: • a. the thickness of the respiratory membrane. • b. partial pressure of oxygen in the alveoli. • c. partial pressure of oxygen in the blood. • d. partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the blood. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  29. Gas Exchange:$400 Answer • The rate of oxygen diffusion across the respiratory membrane depends upon all of the following except: • a. the thickness of the respiratory membrane. • b. partial pressure of oxygen in the alveoli. • c. partial pressure of oxygen in the blood. • d. partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the blood. BACK TO GAME

  30. Gas Exchange:$500 Question • Low PO2and high PCO2 in the alveoli will cause: • a. constriction of pulmonary capillaries and bronchioles. • b. dilation of pulmonary capillaries and bronchioles. • c. constriction of pulmonary capillaries and dilation of bronchioles. • d. dilation of pulmonary capillaries and constriction of bronchioles. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  31. Gas Exchange:$500 Answer • Low PO2and high PCO2 in the alveoli will cause: • a. constriction of pulmonary capillaries and bronchioles. • b. dilation of pulmonary capillaries and bronchioles. • c. constriction of pulmonary capillaries and dilation of bronchioles. • d. dilation of pulmonary capillaries and constriction of bronchioles. BACK TO GAME

  32. Gas Transport:$100 Question • The majority of carbon dioxide is transported: • a. bound to hemoglobin. • b. dissolved in the plasma. • c. as bicarbonate ions. • d. as carbonic acid. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  33. Gas Transport:$100 Answer • The majority of carbon dioxide is transported: • a. bound to hemoglobin. • b. dissolved in the plasma. • c. as bicarbonate ions. • d. as carbonic acid. BACK TO GAME

  34. Gas Transport:$200 Question • Hemoglobin has the highest affinity for which of the following? • a. O2 • b. CO2 • c. CO • d. H+ ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  35. Gas Transport:$200 Answer • Hemoglobin has the highest affinity for which of the following? • a. O2 • b. CO2 • c. CO • d. H+ BACK TO GAME

  36. Gas Transport:$300 Question • In the tissues, hemoglobin will release some oxygen and bind to: • a. carbonic acid. • b. hydrogen ions. • c. chloride ions. • d. bicarbonate ions. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  37. Gas Transport:$300 Answer • In the tissues, hemoglobin will release some oxygen and bind to: • a. carbonic acid. • b. hydrogen ions. • c. chloride ions. • d. bicarbonate ions. BACK TO GAME

  38. Gas Transport:$400 Question • The chloride shift refers to: • a. chloride ions binding to hemoglobin. • b. chloride ions moving into or out of the red blood cell. • c. chloride ions combining with bicarbonate ions. • d. chloride ions being released from hemoglobin. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  39. Gas Transport:$400 Answer • The chloride shift refers to: • a. chloride ions binding to hemoglobin. • b. chloride ions moving into or out of the red blood cell. • c. chloride ions combining with bicarbonate ions. • d. chloride ions being released from hemoglobin. BACK TO GAME

  40. Gas Transport:$500 Question • Which of the following will increase hemoglobin’s affinity for oxygen? • a. A decrease in pH • b. An increase in PCO2 • c. An increase in temperature • d. The presence of some O2 already bound to the hemoglobin ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  41. Gas Transport:$500 Answer • Which of the following will increase hemoglobin’s affinity for oxygen? • a. A decrease in pH • b. An increase in PCO2 • c. An increase in temperature • d. The presence of some O2 already bound to the hemoglobin BACK TO GAME

  42. Control of Respiration:$100 Question • Normal quiet respiration is controlled by the: • a. dorsal respiratory group. • b. ventral respiratory group. • c. pontine respiratory group. • d. cerebral cortex. ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  43. Control of Respiration:$100 Answer • Normal quiet respiration is controlled by the: • a. dorsal respiratory group. • b. ventral respiratory group. • c. pontine respiratory group. • d. cerebral cortex. BACK TO GAME

  44. Control of Respiration:$200 Question • A decrease in pH will have what effect on the respiration rate? • a. Decrease • b. Increase • c. No effect • d. No effect unless lung damage is present ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  45. Control of Respiration:$200 Answer • A decrease in pH will have what effect on the respiration rate? • a. Decrease • b. Increase • c. No effect • d. No effect unless lung damage is present BACK TO GAME

  46. Control of Respiration:$300 Question • The inflation reflex depends upon stimulation of which type of receptor? • a. Nociceptors • b. Chemoreceptors • c. Mechanoreceptors • d. Thermoreceptors ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  47. Control of Respiration:$300 Answer • The inflation reflex depends upon stimulation of which type of receptor? • a. Nociceptors • b. Chemoreceptors • c. Mechanoreceptors • d. Thermoreceptors BACK TO GAME

  48. Control of Respiration:$400 Question • Apneustic breathing occurs as a result of damage to which respiratory center? • a. Dorsal respiratory group • b. Ventral respiratory group • c. Pontine respiratory group • d. Eupnea respiratory group ANSWER BACK TO GAME

  49. Control of Respiration:$400 Answer • Apneustic breathing occurs as a result of damage to which respiratory center? • a. Dorsal respiratory group • b. Ventral respiratory group • c. Pontine respiratory group • d. Eupnea respiratory group BACK TO GAME

  50. Control of Respiration:$500 Question • Which of the following has the greatest effect on respiration rate? • a. PO2 • b. PCO2 • c. PN2 • d. Both a and b have an equal effect ANSWER BACK TO GAME