Download
fire ground strategy and tactics n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
FIRE GROUND STRATEGY AND TACTICS PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
FIRE GROUND STRATEGY AND TACTICS

FIRE GROUND STRATEGY AND TACTICS

1487 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

FIRE GROUND STRATEGY AND TACTICS

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. FIRE GROUND STRATEGY AND TACTICS THE BASICS

  2. DEFINITIONS I

  3. DEFINITIONS II • STRATEGY = Incident Commander. Decides the Goal (RECEO/REVAS) • TACTIC = Operations/Division Officer. Chooses objectives to reach goal (interior attack, roof ventilation, etc). • TASK = Group/Firefighters. Perform the functions to reach objective

  4. Basic Fire Ground Strategy and Tactics

  5. (Fire Attack) Strategy: The Goal, what has to be done Tactic: the objective,how will it be done Task: the assigned activity, who will do it Strategy = The Incident Commander Tactic: The Operations/Division Officer Task:: The Firefighters, perform the functions Basic Fire Ground Strategy and Tactics

  6. Think:: Size Up, Pre-Fire Plan, and Goal Plan: Strategy and Tactics Act: Implementation Incident Commander to Operations to Firefighter/ Groups Command SequenceThink! Plan! Act!

  7. Rescue Exposures Confinement Extinguishment Overhaul Ventilation Salvage (FEMA) Rescue Evacuation Ventilation Attack Salvage (Fire Attack) Primary Factors to Determine Strategy

  8. Questions To Ask • What do I Have? • What am I doing • What do I need? • Where is it going? • How do I control it? • Who is in command?

  9. Strategic Concepts In Firefighting (McAniff) • OFFENSIVE: Direct attack at seat of fire. Normally at Incipient Stage, this solves all problems. • OFFENSIVE/DEFENSIVE: An attack on the main body of fire, while taking measures to control extension. • DEFENSIVE/OFFENSIVE: A holding action,it keeps fire in reasonable bounds while more forces are called. • DEFENSIVE: Surround and Drown, protect the exposures. • INDIRECT: A Contained/Confined smoldering fire, where use of steam expansion is taken advantage of and there is no rescue.

  10. General Principles of Firefighting (Norman) • Lacking sufficient manpower,rescue takes precedence. • Remove those in greatest danger first! • With insufficient manpower to perform needed tasks, perform those that protect the most first. • When sufficient manpower is available coordinate both rescue and fire attack. • If there are no threats to occupants or no occupants, Firefighters should no be unduly endangered.

  11. Engine Company Operations Aggressive attacks are a necessity. Begin suppression as soon as possible. Choose the proper operating mode OFFENSIVE DEFENSIVE INDIRECT

  12. Basic Fire Ground Strategy and Tactics • When a human life is at stake an interior attack is mandated. • 1st hose line to worst case before worrying about other hose lines. • If attack stalled increase ventilation or water flow, or both. If not working CHANGE TACTICS! • When effectiveoffensive attack is not possible or has not succeeded in 20 minutes, prepare defensive positions • When forced to defensive mode consider the possible effect of total structure involvement.

  13. LOCATE CONFINE EXTINGUISH “LET CIRCUMSTANCES DICTATE PROCEDURES…ERR ON THE SIDE OF SAFETY.”

  14. Sources: IMS by NFPA Fire Attack by Emergency Resources Inc. Fire Officer’s Handbook of Tactics by John Norman Strategic Concepts in Fire Fighting by Edward P. McAniff

  15. DISCUSSION • Residential Garage • Car Fires • Strip Mall/Deluge gun • Mid-Rise/Outside balcony • Nursing Home

  16. The Plaza: 8220-8224-8228 Jog Rd. Boynton Beach Q.A.S. Strategy and Tactics Exercise

  17. Assisted Care Living Facility • 3 Story Building: Type 5P – Concrete and wood – 1 hour. Ext. block walls, poured conc. Floors. • 1st fl. 53,000 #ft (core style hallways) • 2nd & 3rd flrs. @37,8000 #ft (center style hallways • Roof: Tile, wood truss/joist • Standpipes/Sprinklers • 145 apartments

  18. North West Entrance

  19. North Side Plaza

  20. North East Side Fire

  21. Annunciator Panel North Side

  22. Plaza Elevator

  23. South West Entrance

  24. South East Side Fire

  25. West Side Center

  26. West Side Center 2

  27. FDC

  28. Gas S/OKnox BoxAlarm Panel

  29. Alarm Panel

  30. Third Floor Landing

  31. Hallway Smoke/Fire

  32. Roof Access Part 2

  33. 3rd Floor Roof View

  34. 2nd Floor Roof Access

  35. 3rd Floor Roof Fire

  36. Under Ground L.P.North East Corner

  37. THE END