*If Decency Doesn’t, Law Should Make Us Samaritans* Good Samaritans USA Are Afraid to Act
Extra Credit Opportunity • If you got a 74 or below on your foreign words and phrases test, you can make up 10 of your missed questions by using the words in a sentence and turning it in to me by your next class.
Evaluating Arguments • Argument- a series of statements designed to convince you of something. • It is important to evaluate arguments based on credibility, or believability, of the author’s argument.
Steps to Evaluating an Argument • 1. What is the claim or opinion? • Read through the whole article • Determine the claim, or their opinion • Claim is often stated in form of a generalization, a broad statement covering many situations • Ex of generalization: “Every eligible citizen should be required to vote”
Steps to Evaluating an Argument • 2. What is the support? • Logical Appeals use convincing reasons and evidence to appeal to a person’s logic • Reasons explain why the author holds the opinion, ex: “Citizens should be required to vote because only then will elected officials represent all the people.” • Evidence is specific info that is used to back up a reason. • Types of evidence: facts, statistics (number facts), examples, and quotes by experts • Emotional Appeals stir feelings, though are not necessarily fact based. Authors use emotional appeal because they know it might override reason • Loaded words-words with strong emotional connotations or associations) • Anecdotes- brief stories or personal accounts of an event.
Steps to Evaluating an Argument • 3. Is the evidence comprehensive? • An author must provide sufficient evidence to back up generalizations and make arguments convincing • Ask yourself whether or not the author has done his or her job • Are there more emotional appeals than relevant evidence
Steps to Evaluating an Argument • 4. What is the author’s intent? • Consider the author’s intent • Do they hold a bias or have a prejudiced interest • Note the tone-is it angry and irrational or calm and reasoned
Vocabulary • Allegations: in law, assertions, or positive statements, made without proof • Depraved: immoral • Liability: legal obligation or responsibility to make good a damage or loss • Rationalizations: seemingly reasonable excuses or explanations for one’s behavior—but not the real reasons • Solidarity: complete unity in a group or organization
Vocabulary • Feigning: pretending • Immunity: freedom from legal obligation • Construed: interpreted • Indemnifies: in a legal sense, protects • Callous: unfeeling • Litigious-quick to sue
Have you ever…. • Seen someone drop a book in the hall and passed them without helping? • Seen someone upset or hurt and passed without helping? • What if not helping meant you would get suspended? • Would you agree or disagree with that rule?
Connecting to what we have read… • In “And of Clay Are We Created” and “The Man in the Water,” Rolf Carle and the man in the water help others in situations of danger. • These 2 articles discuss whether or not that help should be required by law.
Good Samaritan Law • What is a good Samaritan? • Someone who unselfishly helps someone in need. From the Bible parable • Princess Diana-Princess of Wales- • Famous for her humanitarian work and fashion sense • “The People’s Princess” • Killed in Paris in 1997 in a highly publicized car wreck. Photographers were criticized for taking photos and not helping.
Should there be a Good Samaritan Law? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zPnK0NCn_MQ Now turn to pg. 334. While we read, look for the writer’s argument and support.
Analyzing the arguments Evidence Evidence 2nd article Claim or opinion 1st article Claim or opinion Evidence Evidence Evidence Evidence
Analyze your bubble charts • Label each reason as a logical or emotional appeal • Is the evidence comprehensive? • Did the author do his job? • Is there more evidence or emotional appeals? • Who do you agree with and why?