Bell Work – Social Control & Deviance 4/1 • Take 2-3 minutes to write down acts (playing baseball) or attributes (being a teacher) that you consider to be “deviant” (an act that violates significant social norms). Try to think of personal examples (e.g., about you or someone you know). Keep them short. • Choose one from your list to share with the class
rate each item using the following scale • Not deviant at all = 1 • Not so deviant = 2 • Neutral = 3 • Somewhat deviant = 4 • Very deviant = 5
Social Control • Sanctions • Positive sanctions? • Negative Sanctions?
Social Control • Formal Sanctions? • Informal Sanctions?
Doing Sociology- Observing norms and sanctions in social interaction • Your assignment is to observe your family and/or friends during a normal example of social interaction & look for an examples of social sanctions. Here are some rules to look for (the directions are also on page 159 of your book, except for the last question make sure you write it down!) • Social distance- how close or far apart do the people stand or sit when talking to one another • Hand gestures- do some people use hand gesturs when they speak? Do the gestures clarify or distract from their points? • Eye contact- do the individuals maintain eye contact? Is eye contact important? • Facial Expressions- what kind of facial expressions do individuals make during conversation? How does the other person react? • Think about what you saw, what can you conclude about the norms that govern these behaviors? • Were these norms followed, or did some people violate them? How did people react to the violation? • * What social sanctions did you observe? Were they positive or negative? Formal or informal?
The Saints and the Roughnecks • How did community members view the two groups differently? • What factors influences those views?
Bell Work 4/2 Deviance • How does a person come to be considered a deviant? • Why do you think people commit acts of deviance? What is its purpose?
The Label of Deviance • 2 Components to being considered deviant • 1. the person must be caught committing an act of deviance • 2. the individual must by stigmatized by society • a stigma is a mark of social disgrace
The Purpose of Deviance: Deviance as a Social Function • How does deviance help society function? • Clarifies norms • Unifies the group • Diffuses tension • Promotes social change
Why do People commit Deviant Acts? • Merton’s Strain Theory • We place high values on certain goals like material wealth • The inability to achieve the goals of society result in deviant behavior • The inability to achieve these goals results in ANOMIE, or a situation that arises when the norms of society are unclear or are no longer applicable
Interactionist Perspective • Control Theory – the level of social integration is what causes deviance • those who are not tied to communities by strong bonds commit deviant acts – they have no stop lights • Cultural Transmission theory – deviance is learned much the way conformity is learned • Labeling theory- deviance as a self-fulfilling prophecy • Primary Deviance – the occasional violation of norms- people engaged in primary deviance are not seen as deviant • Secondary deviance- deviance as a lifestyle, a person is labeled as deviant and believes the label
Conflict Perspective • Competition and social inequality lead to deviance • people with power are deviant in order to keep power • people with out power are deviant in order to achieve power • The bourgeois (people with power) create ideologies and laws that mostly target lower-class citizens • The proletariat (people without power) don’t necessarily commit more crimes they just commit crimes thatare most likely to be punished
The Death Penalty • Should it be a thing?