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Middle Eastern art

Middle Eastern art

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Middle Eastern art

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  1. Middle Eastern art VISUAL LITERACY COMM-105-005 Ana Santos, ChevelleReppert, Philip Scranage, Andrew Richards

  2. 1300 1922 1402 1488 1566 1807 Economic Difficulty: Sea travel allows British and Dutch to avoid trade routes through Middle East Orhan Osman captures Bursa War with Venice World War I Napoleon takes Egypt Domination of Southeastern Europe and Middle East Centralization Process (postal roads, etc) Population growth Nomadic Osman tribe brings down Christian Byzantine empire Decline of Ottoman empire

  3. Geography The Ottoman empire was focused around Anatolia (Turkey). At its largest, the Ottoman family controlled the vast majority of the center of the known world.

  4. ART AND ARCHITECTURE • Arabesque • art motif characterized by repeating geometric forms and fancifully combined patterns; look like plants and animals • Drew inspiration from religion, are not allowed to draw human shapes or representations • Style developed from Roman, Early Christian, and Byzantine art • symbolize the infinite nature of the creation of the one God (Allah)

  5. ART AND ARCHITECTURE • Mosques • most characteristic monuments of Ottoman architecture • Style also appears in TopkapıSaray, the huge palace complex in Istanbul • Hagia Sofia

  6. ART AND ARCHITECTURE

  7. CLOTHING • Simple patterns • High quality cloth, linen and high-end wool • Full-coverage • Caftans of lighter weight materials were worn closer to the body, with the heavier fabrics being the outer layers • Apart from the quality and cost of the fabrics, there was little difference in the styles or articles of dress between rich and poor, nor between those of Muslims and non-Muslims

  8. CLOTHING • Men wore an enormous white turban wrapped over a red cap with a high crown that projected above the turban. Blue and black caps are also sometimes seen in period illustrations. • At no time would a woman ever have appeared in public without her head covered

  9. CLOTHING • Caskir (Underpants) and Gonlek (undershirt) (both); light fabric • Sirwal (Punjabi pants) (both); silk • Hirka/Dolama (Jacket) (women); silk • Kaftan (Coat) (both); medium or heavy fabric; all natural fibers except cotton • Surkaftan (overcoat) (men); silk

  10. CLOTHING • Caskir (Underpants) and Gonlek (undershirt) (both); light fabric • Sirwal (Punjabi pants) (both); silk • Hirka/Dolama (Jacket) (women); silk • Kaftan (Coat) (both); medium or heavy fabric; all natural fibers except cotton • Surkaftan (overcoat) (men); silk

  11. CLOTHING • Caskir (Underpants) and Gonlek (undershirt) (both); light fabric • Sirwal (Punjabi pants) (both); silk • Hirka/Dolama (Jacket) (women); silk • Kaftan (Coat) (both); medium or heavy fabric; all natural fibers except cotton • Surkaftan (overcoat) (men); silk

  12. CLOTHING

  13. DESIGN PRINCIPLES • Miniatures in book illustrations • proportion • Calligraphy as art • line

  14. Design principles • Repetition • pattern • Natural shapes • Lots of flowers • Geometric shapes • Domes

  15. Design principles • Colors • Main colors: blue, red, yellow, green

  16. MODERN DAY REFERENCES

  17. WORKS CITED • http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/otto1/hd_otto1.htm • http://www.theottomans.org/english/art_culture/arc_turkey.asp • http://www.scribd.com/doc/2900/Overview-of-Ottoman-Clothing-in-SCA-Period