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Middle Eastern Borders

Middle Eastern Borders

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Middle Eastern Borders

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  1. Middle Eastern Borders How WW1 Effected The Middle East

  2. Pre WW1 Countries • Arabia- partially controlled by Ottoman Empire • Ottoman Empire- Jordan, Turkey… • Egypt • Persia- present day Iran • South Yemen • Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain

  3. Post WW1 countries • Saudi Arabia (1938, full shape) Bahrain Oil Well • Yemen, Oman, UAE (uae 1971, Yemen 1990, oman before war) • Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar (all before war) • Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, Israel, Cyprus (all from Ottomans at some time between 1930-1950) • Iraq (1932) • Iran (1935) out of Persia

  4. Drawing the Borders • France and Britain divide territory of the late Ottoman Empire • Each divides those territories into man-states • States eventually gain independence • Gave Saudi Arabia more area • Set rulers from Saudi Arabia for the states • Caused several wars

  5. Religious Issues • In Iraq • Shiite, Sunni, and the Kurds were forced together • Different cities were controlled by each…(Baghdad, Sunni, Bagra, Shiite, and Mosul, Kurdish • Governments want a Jewish and Christian homeland in Palestine • Several states opposed • Jihad (meaning battle) made very serious Muslims want to kill/harm others to be closer to god (i.e. 9/11/01)

  6. WW1 ties inWW1 Pistols on display • After world war 1 the British and French created the League of Nations • Made from the old ottoman empire which was part of the Axis • All gained independence at separate times • British and French (Allies) made different ethnic societies live together causing civil wars

  7. Geographical Borders and Advantages • Mountain ranges for protection • Rivers for water • Climate for keeping people from entering a different climatic area • Lakes and oceans for water or fish • Deserts because usually people don’t live/stay in a desert for long periods of time

  8. Finding Geographic Features • Mountains in Turkey and Iran • Rivers in all of them • Slightly different climates in all of them • Lakes and oceans in by or in all of them • Desert in pretty much all of them

  9. Natural Resources • Massive oil deposits for money • Farms for food • Sand for the same thing as deserts, or for growing desert plants (I don’t know why someone would want those) • Fish for more food and variety

  10. Resources and where there found • Oil in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, UAE, and Bahrain • Sand from most of the Middle East • Fish from any country that has a river going through it or a Ocean or Lake close by or in it • Farms in Israel

  11. Years of independence • Israel and Jordan in 1949 • Iran came out of Persia in 1935 • 1920 Lebanon became its own country • UAE gained independence in 1971 • Saudi Arabia formed out of Arabia in 1932, Iraq became its own country also • Saudi Arabia became full sized in 1938 and Yemen became full in 1990

  12. Border Change Causes… • Political Unrest in countries • Civil wars between feuding nations and/or religions • Seems like terrorism (Al Qaeda, and the Taliban) • The Oil market to go down due to countries shutting down trade Al Qaeda Political cartoon

  13. Conclusion Info • WW1 changed the Middle East borders • The Geography and natural resources helped them • France and Britain started many of the conflicts in the middle east and northern Africa • I learned that you should never appoint a ruler to a country (LOOK AT THE POLITICAL UNREST) • If you leave things unattended it will fester and destroy countries

  14. Bibliography "Global Connections . Historic Political Borders of the Middle East | PBS." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. Web. 17 Mar. 2011. <http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/globalconnections/mideast/maps/pol.html>.  "Myth and Fact: Historic Borders in the Middle East." The Jewish Federations of North America. Web. 17 Mar. 2011. <http://www.jewishfederations.org/page.aspx?id=104819&print=1>.

  15. Bibliography (cont.)  "The New York Times Upfront | The News Magazine for High School." Teaching Resources, Children's Book Recommendations, and Student Activities | Scholastic.com. Web. 17 Mar. 2011. <http://teacher.scholastic.com/scholasticnews/indepth/upfront/index.asp>.