World, Europe and Italy Rome, July 2009
Global use of psychoactive substances 2007 Drugs Sources: UNODC and UNODC estimates based on WHO data
Global deaths related to substance abuse 5 million Drugs 1.8 million 0.2 million 0.2 million Source: World Health Organisation
Substance use in Europe among 15-16 year old students, 2007 Source: ESPAD, 2009.
Annual prevalence of illicit drug use in Italy, 2001-2007 Source: EMCDDA, Statistical Bulletin 2009
Number of drug-induced deaths in Italy, 1985-2008 Sources: EMCDDA, Statistical Bulletin and Polizia di Stato, Relazione Annuale 2008 della Direzione Centrale per I Servizi Antidroga
Number of ‘problem drug users’ 2002-08 Source: UNODC, 2009 World Drug Report.
Lower coca cultivation in 2008 221,300 -24% -8% 181,600 167,600 +6% +4% -18%
Cocaine seizures in Europe 1998 - 2007 Source: UNODC, Annual Reports Questionnaire Data / DELTA.
Very high cocaine seizures Average 2007 purity: 58% Equivalent to 412 tons pure cocaine 42 % of total production Italy 4 tons Cocaine seizures presented at street purity
Western Europe: cocaine prices*, 1990-2007 * Prices weighted by population
Lower opium cultivation in 2008 -16% +3% Myanmar -19% Afghanistan
Increasing opiates seizures + 33% 143 tons 19 % of total production - 41% + 14%
Number of opiate users among West European countries Italy Source: UNODC, 2009 World Drug Report.
Falling cannabis use in Western Europe – except Italy Italy England & Wales Spain France Austria Denmark Germany Sweden * UNODC estimates based on local studies. Source: UNODC, 2009 World Drug Report.
Falling cannabis use in 15-16 year olds Source: ESPAD, 2009.
Lifetime cannabis prevalence among adult population, 2005-06 Source: UNODC, 2009 World Drug Report.
Annual prevalence of ATS use in Italy, 2001-2007 Source: EMCDDA, Statistical Bulletin 2009