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Early Childhood Update

Early Childhood Update

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Early Childhood Update

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  1. Sharon Walsh Division for Early Childhood of the Council for Exceptional Children (DEC) and IDEA Infant Toddler Coordinators Association (ITCA) Early Childhood Update

  2. More Funding – FFY 2014 • Remember: Senate and House are $91 billion apart • Head Start $1.6 billion increase   • $1.4 billion increase for Early Head Start, incorporating the new proposed Early Head Start-Child Care partnerships • $171 million for existing Head Start programs, including $146 million for COLA and $25 million for re-competition costs. • CCDBG $176 million increase, • $110 million increase for new state quality improvement grants • $66 million increase for access.

  3. More FFY 2014… • Pre-K Development Grants: $750 for proposed preschool development grants to support states’ efforts to expand/create high-quality preschool systems for 4-year-olds. • Administration’s $75 billion/10 years program would be mandatory funding

  4. Weekly Impact of Sequester Cuts – Coalition on Human Needs 70 children will be denied services this year at the Cheaha Regional Head Start Program, AL Pratt, KS Head Start program eliminated, 14 children lost Head Start services Independence, MO, $750,000 cuts from Title I, Head Start, and special education - eliminate kindergarten transition class and some paraprofessional slots Other health, housing, Meals on Wheels cuts

  5. Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 2013 • S. 1086 • To reauthorize the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) for the first time in over 17 years. • Bipartisan bill requires states to ensure that all child care providers receiving CCDBG funding receive: • Comprehensive background check, • Basic minimum training in health and safety practices, and • An annual unannounced inspection.

  6. CCDF NPRM Out for Comment • New proposed regulations governing the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program issued May 20, 2013 • Public comments on the proposal are due by August 5, 2013. • First major update to the CCDF regulations since they were issued in 1998. • Changes in four main areas: • Health and safety • “Family-friendly” policies • Child care quality • Program integrity • NWLC New Provisions in Proposed Child Care Regulations

  7. First year of the RTT-ELC competition, 35 states, D.C., and Puerto Rico submitted plans 9 states funded (CA, DE, MA, MD, MN, NC, OH, RI, WA) In 2012, five more states (CO, IL, NM, OR, and WI) funded New awards - about $300 million in Fall 2013 Application package was just out for comment More information about the Race to the Top-Early Learning Challenge Race to the Top Early Learning 7

  8. “In states that make it a priority to educate our youngest children…studies show students grow up more likely to read and do math at grade level, graduate high school, hold a job, form more stable families of their own. We know this works. So let’s do what works and make sure none of our children start the race of life already behind.”President Barack ObamaState of the Union, February 12, 2013 Plan for Early Learning Released 2/13/13 President Obama’s Plan for Early Education for All Americans 8

  9. Secretary of Education Duncan “The answer, I believe, is that high-quality early learning is the best education investment we can make in our children, our communities, and ultimately, our country. As President Obama has said, it's the best bang for our educational buck.” James Heckman, the Nobel prize-winning economist, found a return of seven dollars to every one dollar of public investment in high-quality preschool programs in his analysis of rigorous, longitudinal data from the Perry Preschool Project.

  10. Administration’s Early Learning Proposal New Pre-K Proposal has two parts: $75 billion increase over 10 years for the Preschool for All initiative (funded by a federal-state funding partnership with the federal amount generated by a new cigarette tax). Another $750 million in discretionary funding is proposed in the first year for states not yet ready for the Preschool for All grant. Home Visiting: $15 billion increase over 10 years for home visiting (funded by cigarette tax). Early Head Start and New Early Head Start-Child Care Partnerships: $1.4 billion for Early Head Start and Early Head Start-Child Care Partnerships to expand supply and to improve programs and services for children birth-3

  11. Pre-K Proposal High-quality preschool requirements for state programs including: bachelor's degree for teachers; low staff-to-child ratios and small class sizes; a full-day program; employee salaries comparable to those for K-12 teaching staff; and developmentally appropriate, evidence-based curricula and learning environments.

  12. Continued… Participating states would be required to contribute non-federal matching funds. The preschool initiative, as well as home visiting, would be financed by raising the federal tax on cigarettes and other tobacco products. The federal cigarette tax would be increased from $1.01 per pack to $1.95 per pack, All other tobacco taxes would be increased by approximately the same proportion, and the tobacco taxes would be indexed for inflation after 2014.

  13. The Administration remains strongly committed to encouraging parent engagement. Parents are at the foundation of healthy development & academic achievement. Making sure parents are deeply engaged in their child’s education, from birth through the school years, remains a top priority. Head Start will not be block granted. Providing investments directly to local communities to care for & educate their youngest children has been a successful approach for Head Start programs. The federal administrating body for Head Start & child care will not change. The Early Childhood Office at ACF within HHS will remain the administrating body of Head Start, child care, & other programs & initiatives aimed at birth to four. ACF Programs and Early Learning 13

  14. Administration’s Learning Initiative Fact Sheet | President Obama’s Early Learning Proposal April 12, 2013 This fact explains the details of President Obama's early learning proposal that would expand high-quality early learning opportunities for children birth to age five. Fact Sheet | President Obama’s Plan for Early Education: Questions & Answers April 17, 2013 President Obama has proposed a comprehensive plan to increase access to high-quality early learning opportunities for children from birth to age five. Here are answers to some commonly asked questions about the proposal and about early care and education.

  15. More Resources Fact Sheet | Governors’ 2013 State of the State Addresses: Mentions of Early Care and Education March 14, 2013 A total of 27 governors (as well as the mayor of the District of Columbia) referenced early care and education in their 2013 state of the state addresses—an increase from 22 governors in 2012 and 17 governors in 2011.   Fact Sheet | Expand Access to High-Quality Early Care and Education for Infants and Toddlers March 08, 2013 High-quality early care and education is essential for children in their earliest years of life when they are first learning and exploring, yet high-quality programs are in short supply.

  16. Strong Start for Children: Building America's Future Campaign 30,000 “Thank you” letters delivered to the President Day of Action – May 29, 2013 to support the initiative Many organizations have joined the campaign

  17. Principles of the Campaign Every age from birth through kindergarten is important and every component of the initiative listed below is critical to children’ s success in school and in life Families are important and require support and engagement in each component Each component of this initiative deserves increased financial resources for greater access and quality Resources should be focused on children in low -income families, children with disabilities, children who are homeless, children who are dual language learners, and children with special needs

  18. Rally4Babies: Learning Happens from the Start • Zero to 3: Virtual baby rally - Rally4Babies: Learning Happens from the Start • Many partners • Monday, July 8th • Secretary Sebelius and Secretary Duncan both participated • Rally4Babies web site at: • Online petition at: • Goal of 10,000 signatures!

  19. Farm Bill – SNAP or No SNAP • The Senate Farm Bill passed 66 to 27 included farming and SNAP provisions • Longstanding compromised balance between urban and rural interests • House did not pass bill with both SNAP and farming provisions largely because of SNAP issues • House passed 216-208 a version of the farm bill that includes only the agricultural provisions • Presents a conference dilemma

  20. Head Start Awards Grants • 150 agencies awarded grants for providing Head Start or Early Head Start over the next five years. • 125 Head Start grantees that failed to meet rigorous benchmarks were required to compete for federal funding with other potential providers of early childhood services in their localities. • Grantees were required to show that they had made up for all previous deficiencies in quality, and they will be evaluated to ensure that they sustain their levels of quality • Second round of competition will begin this summer for a group of grantees that was notified in January 2013.

  21. Head Start Grantees • A full list of the selected grantees for the first round of competition is available at • A list of the grantees that will be required to compete for continued funding in the second round of competition is available at

  22. Uninterrupted Scholars Act Signed into law January 2013 Amends Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 Adds additional exception to sharing personally identifiable information without parental consent: To an agency caseworker or other representative of a State or local child welfare agency, or tribal organization legally responsible, for the care and protection of the student, provided that the education records, or the personally identifiable information will not be disclosed except to an individual or entity engaged in addressing the student's education needs

  23. Affordable Care Act (ACA) • Administration recently announced a one year delay in the employer mandate requiring any business more than 50 employees to provide insurance • House has voted at least 38 times to repeal the ACA • House announced it will consider new ACA bill to delay implementation of individual mandate and perhaps to authorize the delay in employer mandate

  24. Medicaid Expansion 24 states have agreed to move forward 21 states not moving forward 6 states still debating Exchange Program 17 states plus DC have agreed to set up state exchange 27 States will have federal government run its exchange 7 states have a partnership between the two Kaiser has an interactive map highlighting states status and profiles summarizing state's progress ACA State Decisions 24