Mass Media Influences and Impressions from Media Bias in Media Influence and Control of Media
Different Types of Media PRESS: Newspapers, Magazines, Books TELEVISION: International, National, Local RADIO: Various Radio Channels FILMS ADVERTISEMENTS INTERNET MUSIC
How do papers report the news? • http://www.frontpagestoday.co.uk/ • Compare the headlines on todays national papers. Are all of them really “news” or are some headlines more ‘gossip’. • Do some papers MAKE the news?
Influence on and of Media • Interactive Media - Reality shows • Internet - modern day journalists get instant input from readers or viewers through emails and ‘blogging’ • News can come from people’s ‘blogs’ or posts - Anyone can make news if they want to • Wheelie Bin Cat Lady? • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-coventry-warwickshire-11068063
Influence on Media • Internet – Swift sharing of information and a channel for a direct response to and individual / group • EG David Cameron and Mumsnet.. • http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/6608334/David-Cameron-gets-mauling-from-mothers.html • When more than a million people signed a petition against road pricing on the Prime Minister’s 10 Downing Street website, the government changed the policy.
Influence on Media • Media funding is also crucial in a free society. If the state alone funded the media there would be dangers of corruption and bias. USSR – PRAVDA • If one person owns many newspapers and television stations this could dominate public debate and opinion. • News Corp/Rupert Murdoch – The Times/Sunday Times, The Sun, Sky, Fox. • OFCOM - maintaining the impartiality of the media • BBC – Funded by public money and follow a Charter that should ensure no political or social bias exists.
Censorship • What is Censorship? • Give two examples of censorship • What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Censorship?
Censorship and Constraint • Censorship • Preventing Publication • Defamation • Lowering the reputation of an individual in the eyes of right thinking members of society • Libel • Defamation in permanent form — book, article, tape, etc
Censorship and Constraint • Slander • Defamation in the form of speech • News Blackouts • Authorities silence the media during a criminal investigation.... • Human Rights Act 1998 - Right to privacy