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Medical Terminology

Medical Terminology

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Medical Terminology

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  1. Medical Terminology List 7

  2. Carp/o Carpals (wrist bones) • Carpal • Pertaining to the wrist • Carpal tunnel syndrome • Group of symptoms resulting from compression of the nerve in the wrist

  3. Cis/o To cut • Incisors • teeth • Incision • To cut into Incision for open appendicectomy

  4. Circul/a (circ/u) Circle • Circulation • The process of going in a circle • Circular • Pertaining to a circle • Circumcision • Process of cutting in a circle

  5. Cost/o Ribs • Costochondritis • Inflammation of the ribs and cartilage • Costochondral • Pertaining to the ribs and cartilage • Costotomy • Incision into the ribs

  6. Cutane/o Skin • Cutaneous • Pertaining to the skin • Subcutaneous • Pertaining to below the skin

  7. Gen/o - Gen/e To produce / to begin (to create) • Genesis • Gene • Biological unit of heredity or reproduction • Genetic • Pertaining to creation / birth • Glycogenolysis • The breakdown of sugar creation • Glyconeogenesis • New creation of sugar

  8. Glyc/o Sugar • Glycosuria • Condition of sugar in the urine • Hyperglycemia • Condition of high sugar in the blood • Hypoglycemia • Condition of low sugar in the blood

  9. Nat/i Birth • Natal • Pertaining to birth • Neonatal • Pertaining to new birth • Native • born or originating somewhere

  10. Norm/o Rule, order • Normal • Pertaining to rule or order • Abnormal • Pertaining to away from the rule or order

  11. -ation -process, -condition • Abbreviation • Catheterization • Circulation • Defibrillation • Inflammation • Menstruation • Hospitalization • Radiation

  12. -cision -process of cutting • Incision • Process of cutting into • Excision • The process of cutting out

  13. -crine -secretion • Endocrine • Secretion within

  14. -dipsia -thirst • Polydipsia • Condition of much thirst

  15. -gen -to produce • Pathogen • To produce disease (germs) • Antigen • To produce against • (bacteria / virus)

  16. -pnea -condition of breathing • Apnea • Condition of not breathing • Bradypnea • Condition of slow breathing • Tachypnea • Condition of fast breathing • Hypopnea • Condition of low breathing • Hyperpnea • Condition of excessive breathing

  17. Ab- Away from • Abnormal • Condition of away from order • Abduction • Away from midline

  18. Ad- Towards-, near- • Adduction • Towards midline • Adrenal glands • Pertaining to near the kidneys • Adneural • Pertaining to near the nerve

  19. Ante- Before-, foreword- • Antepartum • Before birth • Antemortem • Before death • Antefebrile • Before a fever

  20. Anti- Against- • Antibody • A substance that works against germs • Antigen • To produce against • Antibiotic • Pertaining to a substance that works against germs/life

  21. Anti- • Antiandrogen • Drugs that work against androgen (male hormone) • Antiarrhythmic • Drugs that work against abnormal heart beats • anti-coagulant • Drugs that work against blood coagulation • Anticonvulsant • Drugs that work against seizures • Antiviral • Pertaining to agents that work against viruses • Antidepressant • Drugs that work against depression • Antifungal • Drugs that work against fungas • Antihistamine • Drugs that work against histamine (allergic reations) • Antihypertensive • Against high blood pressure • Anti-inflammatory • Against inflammation

  22. Bi- Two- • Bipolar • Pertaining to two poles • Bilateral • Pertaining to two sides • Bicycle • Two wheels • Bipartisan • Two political parties

  23. Brady- Slow- • Bradycardia • Condition of a slow heart • Bradypnea • Breathing slowly • Bradyuria • Urinating slowly

  24. Epi- On top of- • Epidural • Pertaining to on top of the dura mater • Epidermis • Pertaining to on top of the skin • Epicranium • Pertaining to on top of the skull

  25. Hemi- Half- • Hemigastrectomy • removal of half of the stomach • Hemiplegia • Paralysis of half of the body • Hemicardia • Condition of half a heart • Hemicephalia • Condition of half a brain

  26. Ec- Out-, outside- • Ectopic pregnancy • Condition of outside the location • Eccrine • Secreting out - sweat glands

  27. Endo- Within-, in-, inner- • Endocrine glands • Secreting within • Endoscopy • Visual examination within • Endocranial • Pertaining to within the cranium • Endobronchitis • Inflammation in the inner bronchi • Endopelvic • Pertaining to within the pelvis