WATER IN OUR LIFE Natural Water Resources in TURKEY
Sea of Marmara The Sea of Marmaraalso known as the Sea of Marmoraor the Marmara Sea, and in the context of classical antiquity as the Propontis, is the inland sea, entirely within the borders of Turkey that connects the Black Sea to the Aegean Sea, thus separating Turkey's Asian and European parts. TheBosphorus strait connects it to the Black Sea and the Dardanelles strait to the Aegean. The former also separates İstanbul into its Asian and European sides. • Towns and cities on the Marmara Sea coast include: • İstanbul • Tekirdağ • Çanakkale
Aegean Sea The Aegean Seais an elongated embayment ofthe Mediterranean Sea located between the southern Balkan and Anatolianpeninsulas, between the mainlands of Greece and Turkey. In the north, it is connected to the Marmara Sea and Black Sea by the Dardanelles and Bosporus. The Aegean Islands are within the sea and some bound it on its southern periphery, including Creteand Rhodes. Towns and cities on the Aegean Sea coast include: İzmir Çanakkale Muğla
Black Sea • The Black Sea is a sea in south-eastern Europe. It is bounded by Europe, Anatolia and the Caucasus and is ultimately connected to the Atlantic Ocean via the Mediterranean and the Aegean Seas and various straits. The Bosphorus Strait connects it to the Sea of Marmara, and the Strait of the Dardanelles connects that sea to the Aegean Sea region of the Mediterranean. These waters separate Eastern Europe and Western Asia. The Black Sea is also connected to the Sea of Azov by the Strait of Kerch.
Mediterranean Sea TheMediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean surrounded by the Mediterranean region and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on the east by the Levant. The sea is sometimes considered a part of the Atlantic Ocean, although it is usually identified as a completely separate body of water. • Twenty-two countries have a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea. • Turkey – Italy – Spain – France – Greece – Morocco …
TheEuphrates(Fırat River) • The Euphratesis the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia. Together with the Tigris, it is one of the two defining rivers of Mesopotamia. Originating in eastern Turkey, the Euphrates flows through Syria and Iraq to join the Tigris in the Shatt al-Arab, which empties into the Persian Gulf. Atatürk Dam is here.
Kızılırmak River • The Kızılırmak (Turkish for "Red River"), also known as the Halys River is the longest river in Turkeyamong the rivers which originates and ends in Turkey (both origin and mouth being in Turkey). It is a source of hydroelectric powerand is not used for navigation.
Lake Van • Lake Vanis the largest lake in Turkey, located in the far east of the country in Van district. It is a saline soda lake, receiving water from numerous small streams that descend from the surrounding mountains. Lake Van is one of the world's largest endorheic lakes(having no outlet). The original outlet from the basin was blocked by an ancient volcanic eruption. Although Lake Van is situated at an altitude of 1,640 m (5,380 ft) with harsh winters, it does not freeze due to its high salinity except occasionally the shallow northern section.
Lake Tuz • Lake Tuz (Turkish: Tuz Gölü meaning Salt Lake) is the second largest lake in Turkey with its 1,665 km2 (643 sq mi) surface area and one of the largest hypersaline lakes in the world. It is located in the Central Anatolia Region, 105 km (65 mi) northeast ofKonya, 150 km (93 mi) south-southeast of Ankara and 57 km (35 mi) northwest of Aksaray. • The lake, occupying a tectonic depression in the central plateau of Turkey, is fed by two major streams, groundwater, and surface water, but has no outlet. Brackish marshes have formed where channels and streams enter the lake. Arable fields surround the lake, except in the south and southwest where extensive seasonally flooded salt-steppe occurs.
Including small lakes in the mountains, there aremore than 120 lakes in Turkey.