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Chapter 7 Airport Charts

Chapter 7 Airport Charts

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Chapter 7 Airport Charts

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  1. Chapter 7Airport Charts

  2. Chapter 7 Airport Charts

  3. §7.1 Introduction Formats of Airport Charts: • The “classic” chart format • The “Briefing StripTM” chart format

  4. Heading of “classic” chart format The “classic” chart format provides communication information on the right of the chart heading, with airport information on the left.

  5. Heading of “Briefing StripTM” chart format This chart format distributes the same information across the top of the chart so that you are reading it from left to right. It’s a widely used format of airport charts.

  6. §7.2 Airport Chart Information The airport chart contains four primary sections: • Heading • Plan view • Additional runway information • Takeoff and alternate minimums

  7. Heading Plan View

  8. Additional Runway Information Takeoff and Alternate Minimums

  9. §7.2.1 Heading The top of each airport chart provides standard information about airport, including the location and airport name, elevation, and communication frequencies.

  10. §7.2.1.1 Heading Border Distinct areas of the heading: • Location and Airport Name • Chart Index Number and Dates • ICAO Location Identifier and Airport Information • Communications Row

  11. Location and Airport Name Location Name/City Name Airport Name Select the right airport within a particular city

  12. Chart Index Number and Dates Chart Index Number Chart Date

  13. ICAO Location Identifier and Airport Information The airport identifier, unique to each airport, is a combination of the ICAOregional designation and the airport’s governing agency designation(IATA). Airport Identifier Airport Elevation Coordinates represent the airport location as provided by the controlling authority ARP Coordinates

  14. Communications Row GroundFrequency ATIS Frequency Departure Frequency Delivery Frequency Tower Frequency

  15. §7.2.2 Plan View The airport chart plan view portrays an overhead view of the airport, it can provide you with graphical information about the airport, such as its runways and lighting systems. Except the length and width of stop way and taxiway, lighting system, the other part of charts are portrayed on scale.

  16. §7.2.2.1 Scales, Coordinate Tick Marks and Magnetic Variation To help you measure distance, the plan view includes a scale showing both feet and meters. The scale a chart always use range from 1inch=1000feet to 1inch=6000feet.

  17. Scale of the plan view of this chart is 1inch=1000feet

  18. Latitude and longitude coordinate tick marks

  19. Magnetic Variation

  20. Longitude Runway Number RVR Tower Scale Magnetic Variation ARP Runway Elevation Runway Length Latitude Approach Light

  21. §7.2.2.2 Runway Information The Runway Information is focused on the following items: • Runway Numbers • Runway Elevations and Length • Displaced Thresholds, Stopways, Overruns • Runway Surface • Arrester Gear and Barriers • Non-Runway Landing Areas

  22. Runway Numbers and Magnetic Direction Runway number is magnetic unless followed by “T” for true in the far north. Runway number and, when known, magnetic direction unless followed by “T” for true in the far north.

  23. Seaplane operating area, or water runway. Closed runway. Temporarily closed runways will retain their length and runway numbers.

  24. Runway Elevations and Length Elevations of the runways’ entrance and the lengths of the runways are usually marked at the end and the middle of the runways. Runway number and Magnetic Direction Entrance elevation of 07L Length of 07R

  25. Displaced Thresholds and Stop-ways Displaced thresholds reduce the length of runway available for landings. This portion of runway prior to a displaced threshold is available for takeoffs in either direction, and landings only from the opposite direction. Stopways or overruns are areas beyond the takeoff runway at least as wide as the runway and centered upon its extended centerline. They may be used to decelerate an airplane during an aborted takeoff.

  26. Runway Surface In the plan view of the charts, different symbols are used to portray different runway surfaces. Paved runway Unpaved runway, such as turf, dirt, or gravel. The type of surface is usually printed on the chart next to the runway.

  27. Pierced steel planking (PSP) Seaplane operating area or water runway. Dashed lines indicate the operating area. Area under construction

  28. Arrester Gear and Barriers Unidirectional arrester gear Bidirectional arrester gear Jet barrier

  29. Non-Runway Landing Areas In addition to runways, the airport chart indicated landing areas as follows: Helicopter landing pad Authorized landing area (may be used on Australia charts with limited runway source information

  30. §7.2.2.3 Taxiways and Aprons Taxiway and apron Permanently closed Taxiway Designated stop bar or designated holding position Category Ⅱ/Ⅲ holding position

  31. § 7.2.2.4 Airport Facilities Buildings RVR with letter ARP Cone Airport Identification Beacon Tee Navids RVR Tetrahedron

  32. Buildings • Buildings • Large Buildings

  33. Airport Reference Point The airport reference point (ARP) is at the approximate geographic center of all usable runway surfaces, and is the point from which official latitude and longitude coordinates are derived. The center of the crosshairs marks the ARP’s exact location. When the ARP is on a runway centerline, an arrow points to its exact location.

  34. Navigational aids On-airport navaid, such as VOR ,NDB ,or LCTR (locators, other than locators associated with ILS). When navaids are offset from the runway, you may need to make significant adjustments in your final approach course, once the runway is in slight.

  35. RVR measuring devices RVR measuring site (transimissometer). The primary instrument runways at major airports may have as many as three transimissometers providing RVR readings, which include touchdown RVR, mid-RVR, and rollout RVR. RVR RVR with letter

  36. Wind direction indicators Cone or wind sock.It is used at both towered and non-towered airports. It can provide the present wind conditions near the runway’s touchdown zone. Wind tee. Determine the wind direction from a wind tee, but it doesn't indicate wind intensity or gusty conditions. The tail of the tee aligns itself like a weather vane into the wind, so you can take off or land on the runway that most closely parallels the direction of the tee.

  37. Tetrahedron.It is a landing direction indicator, usually located near a wind direction indicator. It may swing around with the small end pointing into the wind, or it may be manually positioned to show landing direction.

  38. § 7.2.5 Lights and Beacons The majority of lighting symbols on the airport diagram are approach lights and beacons. • Approach Lights • Beacons

  39. Approach Lights

  40. Beacons Beacons are depicted on the airport diagram as stars “ ”.When the depicted beacon is the airport identification beacon, the star is circled “ ” and may appear with its MSL elevation.

  41. Reference Points

  42. §7.2.3 Additional Runway Information Some required airport information, such as lighting systems and usable lengths, cannot be portrayed in enough detail in the airport chart plan view. These information appears below the plan view in the box titled “Additional Runway Information.” This table provides information for each runway charted in the airport diagram, except for permanently closed runways, ultralight runways, and ski strips.