CLASS 1 EXPLOSIVES 1
CLASS 1: HAZARD DIVISIONS • 1.1 Substances and articles which have a mass explosion hazard. • 1.2 Substances and articles which have a projection hazard but not a mass explosion hazard. • 1.3 Substances and articles which have a fire hazard and either a minor blast hazard or a minor projection hazard or both, but not a mass explosion hazard.
CLASS 1: HAZARD DIVISIONS • 1.4 Substances and articles which present no significant hazard. • 1.5 Very insensitive substances which have a mass explosion hazard. • 1.6 Extremely insensitive articles which do not have mass explosion hazard. Sequence degree of danger; (high) 1.1, 1.5, 1.2, 1.3, 1.6 and 1.4 (low)
CLASS 1: CLASSIFICATION CODES Division followed by the letter of the compatibility group For example: 1.5 D
CLASS 2 • Compressed gas • Liquefied gas • Refrigerated liquefied gas • Dissolved gas GASES
CLASS 2 (continued) • 2.1 Flammable • 2.2 Non-flammable, non-toxic • 2.3 Toxic 2 2 2 Subsidiary Risks 8
CLASS 2 (continued) • 2.1 Flammable • 2.2 Non-flammable, non-toxic • 2.3 Toxic Sequence degree of danger: 2 2 2 high low 2 2 2
CLASS 3 FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS Flammable liquid ? 3
Flammable liquids are liquids which have: • a melting point of 20°C or less at a pressure of 101,3 kPa; and • a vapour pressure at 50°C ≤ 300 kPa(3 bar); and • a flashpoint ≤ 60°C closed-cup test (≤ 65.6°C ; open-cup test); or • been offered for transport at temperatures ≥ their flashpoint.
FLAMMABILITY Flashpoint: The lowest temperature of a liquid at which its vapour forms an ignitable mixture with air. Example: UN 1294 TOLUENE 7 0C Flammability depends on the flashpoint
VOLATILITY Volatility depends on the boiling point Boiling point: The temperature at which the vapour pressure of a liquid is equal to the pressure above the liquid. • Example: • UN 1294 TOLUENE 111 ºC
CLASS 4.1 FLAMMABLE SOLIDS Flammable solid ? 4
CLASS 4.2 Substances liable to spontaneous combustion Spontaneous combustible ? 4
CLASS 4.3 Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases Dangerous whenwet ?
Jacques Buissing LL.M. Shipping and Transport College Retired unit manager port operation, safety and security education and training
SHORT INTRODUCTION 1962 - 1968 Royal Navy 1968 - 1972 Rotterdam Police Dept. 1972 - 1989 Corps Controllers Dangerous Goods (Ministry of Transport) 1989 - 1990 Rotterdam Port Association 1990 - 1992 Lehnkering Logistics 1992 - 2009 STC Ltd. 2001 - ? Chairman Dutch Safety Advisers Association with Belgian division
SUBJECT WHAT SHOULD A CONTROL OFFICER KNOW IN ORDER TO CONDUCT A PROPER ADR CHECK? INITIAL AND CONTINUOUS TRAINING
EUROPEAN AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE INTERNATIONAL CARRIAGE OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY ROAD (ADR)
ADR TRAINING REQUIREMENTS Chapter 1.3 Persons employed by the participants referred to in Chapter 1.4, whose duties concern the carriage of dangerous goods. Section 1.8.3 Safety Advisers Chapter 8.2 Vehicle crew
PARTICIPANTS chapter 1.4: Consignor Carrier Consignee Packer Filler Tank-container/portable tank operator Unloader (entry into force on 1 January 2011)
INITIAL TRAINING OF A CONTROL OFFICER SHALL BE AT LEAST TO THE SAME LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE OF A SAFETY ADVISER
220.127.116.11 NECESSARY LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE OF A SAFETY ADVISER WITH REGARD TO: Relevant national laws, international conventions and agreements Structure of ADR Application of ADR provisions concerning classification identification (marking, labelling, placarding, orange plates and particulars in transport documents) exemptions carriage of packages in containers and freight vehicles carriage in tanks carriage in bulk
18.104.22.168 (continued) Application of ADR provisions concerning vehicle documents mixed loading segregation of goods limitation of quantities carried handling and stowage (loading, unloading, filling ratios) cleaning and/of degassing vocational training crews transport of passengers supervision (parking) traffic regulations and restrictions operational discharges of accidental leaks of pollutants transport equipment
UN ECOSOC Economic and Social Council SCETDG Sub-Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods SCEGHCLDG Sub-Committee of Experts on the Global Harmonisation of Classisfication and Labelling of Dangerous Goods ECE Economic Commission for Europe ADR
Deel 1 Deel 3 Deel 2 Deel 7 Part 1 General provisions Part 2 Classification Part 3 Dangerous goods list, special provisions and exemptions Part 4 Packing and tank provisions 3.1 – General 2.1 – General provisions 4.1 – Use of packagings 1.1 – Scope and applicability 3.2 – Dangerous goods list A - UN numerical B - Alphabetical 4.2 – Use of UN portable tanks and MEGCs 2.2 – Class specific provisions 1.2 – Definitions and units of measurements 4.3 – Use of ADR tanks 2.3 – Test methods 1.3 - Training 3.3 – Special provisions 4.4 – Use of fibre- reinforced plastics tanks 1.4 – Safety obligations 3.4 – Limited quantities 4.5 – Use of vacuum operated waste tanks 1.5 - Derogations 3.5 – Excepted quantities 4.6 – (reserved) 1.6 – Transitional measures. 4.7 – Use of MEMUs 1.7 – General provisions class 7 1.8 – Checks and support measures 1.9 – Transport restrictions ADR 1.10 – Security provisions
Part 5 Consignment procedures Part 6 Construction and testing of packagings, tanks and bulk containers Part 7 Carriage, loading, unloading and handling Part 8 Vehicle crews, equipment, operation and documentation Part 9 Construction and approval of vehicles 5.1 – General provisions 6.1 – Packagings 7.1 – General provisions 9.1– Scope, definitions and approval of vehicles 8.1 – Transport units, documents and equipment on board 6.2 – Pressure receptacles 5.2 – Marking and labelling 7.2 – Packages 8.2 – Training of vehicle crew 9.2– Construction of vehicles 6.3 – Class 6.2 7.3 – Bulk solids 5.3 – Placarding and marking containers, tanks and vehicles 8.3 – Requirements vehicle crew 6.4 – Class 7 7.4 – Tanks 9.3– EX/II and EX/III vehicles 6.5 – IBCs 7.5 – Loading, unloading and handling 8.4 – Requirements particular classes or substances 5.4 – Documentation 9.4– Vehicles for packeges 6.6 – Large packagings 5.5 – Special provisions 6.7 – Portable tanks 9.5– Vehicles for solids in bulk 8.5 – Road tunnel restrictions 6.8 – ADR tanks 6.9 – Fibre reinforced plastic tanks 9.6– Vehicles for temperature controlled substances 6.10 – Vacuum operated waste tanks 9.7– Vehicles for tanks ADR 6.11 – Bulk containers 6.12 – MEMUs 9.8– Vehicles for MEMUs
DANGEROUS GOODS Which goods are considered dangerous during transport?
HAZARDS TOXICITY EXPLOSIVITY FLAMMABILITY RADIOACTIVITY CORROSIVITY INFECTIOUS, HOT, ASPHIXIANT, OXIDIZING, ETC
HAZARD CLASSES GROUPS OF SUBSTANCES, MATERIALS AND ARTICLES WITH THE SAME MAIN HAZARDS DURING TRANSPORT.
CLASSIFICATION 1. Description of classes. 2. Development of standard classification criteria and tests for each class. 3. Classification of substances and articles. 4. Alphabetical listing of classified substances and articles.
1 Explosives 2 Gases 3 Flammable liquids 4.1 Flammable solids 4.2 Substances liable to spontaneous combustion 4.3 Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases 5.1 Oxidizing substances 5.2 Organic peroxides 6.1 Toxic substances 6.2 Infectious substances 7 Radioactive material 8 Corrosive substances 9 Miscellaneous dangerous substances and articles CLASSES
WHICH SUBSTANCES ARE CONSIDERED DANGEROUS FOR TRANSPORT BY ROAD? Substances specifically listed by name in the List of Dangerous Goods (Tabel A) in chapter 3.2 of ADR; or Substances not specifically listed by name in Table A, but which can be classified in one of the classes.
CLASS 5.1 Oxidizing substances Oxidizing agent ?
CLASS 5.2 Organic peroxides Organic peroxide ? From 1-1-2007 Till 31-12-2010
CLASS 5.2 IBC with 600 kg. organic peroxide
CLASS 6.1 Toxic substances TOXIC ?
CLASS 6.2 Infectious substances Infectious substance ?
CLASS 6.2 (continued) • Infectious substances contain pathogens like: • bacteria • viruses • rickettsiae • parasites • fungi • which can cause disease in humans or animals
CLASS 6.2 (continued) Divided in the following categories: Categorie A (high infectious risk) UN 2814: Infectious substance, affecting humans UN 2900: Infectious substance, affecting annimals only Categorie B (low infectious risk) UN 3373: Biological substance, category B UN 3291: Clinical waste, unspecified, n.o.s., (Bio)medical waste, n.o.s. or Regulated medical waste, n.o.s.
CLASS 7 RADIOACTIVE MATERIAL RADIATION AND/OR CONTAMINATION DANGER
CLASS 8 CORROSIVE SUBSTANCES ? CORROSIVE
CLASS 9 MISCELLANEOUS DANGEROUS SUBSTANCES AND ARTICLES ? Miscellaneous
IDENTIFICATION How are you able to identify dangerous cargo?
IDENTIFICATION (continued) By name? Are these substances dangerous? A. Dowfume ? B. 2-Mercaptobenzothiazol? C. Anhydrol? D. Waterstof samengeperst?
IDENTIFICATION (continued) Problems with identification by name in practice: A Tradename for methyl bromide B Non hazardous for transport C Synonym for ethanol D Dutch name for hydrogen compressed
IDENTIFICATION (continued) • Identification by name only is often not possible! You need: • UN number (preceded by UN) + • PROPER SHIPPING NAME + • CLASSIFICATION CODE (Class 1) + • CLASS number “7” (Class 7) + • LABEL model number(s) (other classes)+ • PACKING GROUP (if applicable)
IDENTIFICATION (continued) UN Number World-wide identification number of 4 figures assigned to a dangerous good or group of dangerous goods by the UN. For example: UN 1090, ACETON UN 1760, CORROSIVE LIQUID, N.O.S. UN 2764, TRIAZINE PESTICIDE, SOLID, TOXIC