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The Prophets

The Prophets

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The Prophets

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  1. The Prophets • We have seen them before • Samuel – called a prophet • Saul – among the prophets • Nathan – spoke truth to David • ELIJAH and ELISHA

  2. Hebrew – Nabi(Nebi’im) • Called by God • Receives God’s word (revelation) • Hearing or seeing • Speaking God’s word What is a Prophet?

  3. What is a Prophet? • Examples of This: • Moses and Aaron (Ex. 7:1) • Micaiah (1 Kings 22:13-14) • Isaiah (Isaiah 6:1-8) • Jeremiah (Jeremiah 1:1-9)

  4. What is a Prophet • Foretelling the Future • Forthtelling the Will of • God for the people • Classic Messenger Formula: • This is what the Lord has spoken, “…

  5. What is a Prophet? • Not fortune telling seers • Not carping social critics • Preachers –offering God’s people an alternative world • I Have a Dream!

  6. Amos – the Man • From SK – shepherd of Tekoa • Spoke to NK – during reign of • Jeroboam II • DATE: 762 BC 8th Century Prophets

  7. Amos – the Message • Judgment on God’s people • OAN = oracles against the • nations (1:3-2:16) … • for 3transgressions, yes, for 4! 8th Century Prophets

  8. 8th Century Prophets • Amos – the Message • A word that must be spoken (3:8) • A rejection of cheap worship (4:4-13) • The Day of the Lord (5:18-20) • The Call for Justice (mishpat) (5:24) • Let justice roll down like waters…

  9. 8th Century Prophets • Amos – the Message • Judgment is coming – a call to return (SHUV – 4:4-5:15) • After judgment – a word of restoration (9:8-15)

  10. 8th Century Prophets • Hosea – the Man • From the NK • Preached to NK … Ephraim, the most prominent tribe… • Date – 750-722 BC

  11. Hosea – the Man • His marriage to Gomer (1-3) • His children: • Jezreel – God sows (destruction) • Lo-Ruhamah – No compassion • Lo-Ammi – Not my people 8th Century Prophets

  12. 8th Century Prophets • Hosea – the Message • Judgment on God’s people • Lawsuit (rîb) form(4:1-3) • A word against priests (5) • A call to repent (10:12)

  13. 8th Century Prophets • Hosea – the Message • The Heart of God (11:1-9) • Psalm 77:9 – which is stronger, God’s nostrils, or God’s womb?

  14. Micah – the Man • SK – reigns of Jothan, Ahaz, • and Hezekiah (742-687 BC) • Days of corruption, oppression of the poor, false piety/assurance 8th Century Prophets

  15. Micah – the Message • Judgment / Restoration (ch. 1-5) • Micah 5:2-4 – Prince of Peace • Micah 6:1-8 – Lawsuit (rîb) • Micah 7 – Hope… Remnant! 8th Century Prophets

  16. Isaiah – the Man • SK – reign of Ahaz(735-715 BC)Syrian- Israelite coalition – Assyrian aid • Reign of Hezekiah (715-690 BC) Assyrian invasion of 701 8th Century Prophets

  17. Isaiah – the Message • 3 Major Sections of Isaiah • First (1-39) Accent: Judgment • Second (40-55) Hope in exile • Third (56-66) Postexilic hope 8th Century Prophets

  18. Isaiah 1-39 – Message • Judgment on God’s people • Vision of hope (2:1-5) • Immanuel Oracle (Isaiah 7) • A Child is Born (Isaiah 9) • An Anointed One (Isaiah 11) 8th Century Prophets

  19. Isaiah 1-39 – Message • Oracles against the Nations (OAN) • Homecoming – the holy highway (Isaiah 35) • Isaiah – the most quoted OT book in the NT – The God who saves! 8th Century Prophets

  20. Theological Themes • A prophet (nabi) is one called by God to speak God’s word to God’s people, especially in times of crisis. • God’s judgment is coming – per the covenant blessings and curses. 8th Century Prophets

  21. Theological Themes • The sins of the people are both social (justice issues) and theological (worship issues – other gods/ allies) • The people’s covenant failure is characterized as maritalinfidelity. 8th Century Prophets

  22. 8th Century Prophets • Theological Themes • The announcement of judgment is an invitation to repent (TURN) or return to following God’s ways. • God is preserving a REMNANT. • Even in judgment, there is hope.

  23. Read chapters 15 (Amos, Hosea, and Micah) & 13 (Isaiah) for Tuesday’s Quiz 8th Century Prophets

  24. ASSIGNMENT: Portfolio Material #3 Due Date: 11/10/10 (MWF) 11/11/10 (TR) One page paper entitled: Amos Comes To Nashville in 2010 EXTRA CREDIT DUE: Nov. 23