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Chapter 5

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Chapter 5

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  1. Chapter 5 Windows XP Professional McGraw-Hill

  2. Learning Outcomes • Describe Windows XP Professional benefits and features • Install and configure Windows XP Professional • Manage Windows XP Professional • Secure Windows XP Professional • Troubleshoot common Windows XP Professional problems

  3. Windows XP Overview • Windows XP Editions • Windows XP Professional • Windows XP Home Edition • Windows XP Media Center Edition • Windows XP Tablet PC Edition • Windows XP Embedded • Windows XP 64-bit Edition

  4. The Windows XP desktop (with the default Bliss wallpaper

  5. Windows XP Overview • The End of the Road for Windows XP • October 22, 2010: last day to buy PC with XP installed • One year after introduction of Windows 7 • July 13, 2010: supported ended for SP2 • April 2014: support ends for SP3 • 64-bit version did not have a third service pack

  6. Windows XP Overview • Windows XP’s Features & Benefits • Easy-to-use Desktop • Security • Stability and Compatibility • Recovery Tools • Last Known Good (LKG) Configuration • Task Manager • Recovery Console • Safe Mode • Device Manager • System Restore • Automated System Recovery (ASR)

  7. A shortcut for the AVG program

  8. Figure 5-1 The Windows XP Start menu

  9. Figure 5-2 The Windows XP All Programs menu

  10. Figure 5-3 Select “List my most recently opened documents” on the Advanced page of the Customize Start menu dialog box

  11. Figure 5-4 The Compatibility page allows you to select settings that enable an older program to run

  12. Check out your file system

  13. Installing Windows XP • Preparing to Install Windows XP • Prepare the computer • Verify computer meets hardware minimums • Verify hardware compatibility • Consider creating a virtual machine for the installation

  14. Table 5-1

  15. Installing Windows XP • Preparing to Install Windows XP (cont.) • Clean Installation • Avoid inheriting problems from a previous installation • If necessary, have Windows Setup repartition and format the disk to ensure all is clean, including the MBR • Downside: a manual clean installation is a lot of work because you need to install all the necessary programs and configure it

  16. Installing Windows XP • Preparing to Install Windows XP (cont.) • Scripted Installation • Clean installation variation • Used in large organizations where many desktops are identical • Training and time to configure and test required

  17. Installing Windows XP • Preparing to Install Windows XP (cont.) • Image • Clean installation variation • Image is an exact duplicate of an entire hard drive including OS and all installed software • Also used in large organizations where many desktops are identical • Imaging software • Symantec’s Norton Ghost • Paragon’s Hard Disk Manager

  18. Installing Windows XP • Preparing to Install Windows XP (cont.) • Preparing to Boot into Windows XP Setup • Windows XP CD is bootable • Over-the network installation requires preparation • Copy contents of the i386 folder (from CD) to network • Boot up client computer, connect to network share, run WINNT.EXE

  19. Installing Windows XP • Preparing to Install Windows XP (cont.) • Registration versus Activation • Registration • Optional • Owner information • Activation • Microsoft Product Activation (MPA) • Combats software piracy • Mandatory within 30 days of installing Windows • How to Activate • Automated online • Verbally over the phone

  20. The activate Windows XP reminder balloon message

  21. Figure 5-5 Activation will take just seconds with an Internet connection

  22. Installing Windows XP • Preparing to Install Windows XP (cont.) • Reactivation • Changes to hardware detected during recalculations of the hardware hash • If one of the components from which the hardware hash was generated is replaced or significantly changed, it will require reactivation • You may need to call Microsoft and explain the need to reactivate • Installing on a second computer triggers reactivation

  23. Installing Windows XP • Getting Down to Business: The Installation • Windows Setup wizard will guide users through the process • Manual, clean installation takes about an hour • The installation program will wait for user input if it is required

  24. Step-by-Step 5.01 Installing Windows XP Installing Windows XP Professional

  25. Post-Installation Tasks • Verifying Network Access • Verify communication with other computers • Open My Network Places and see if other computers are visible • Install Virtual Machine Additions (if applicable) • Install Updates

  26. Figure 5-6 Osborne work group with one computer showing

  27. Figure 5-7 Microsoft Windows Network with three work groups or domains showing

  28. Figure 5-8 Microsoft Virtual PC 2007 installing Virtual Machine Additions

  29. Figure 5-9 Windows Update balloon message

  30. Figure 5-10 Choosing to enable automatic updates

  31. Figure 5-11 Continue updating until there are no more updates to install

  32. Managing Windows XP Professional • Creating New Partitions in Windows XP • If you did not use entire physical disk • If you add another hard drive • Good partitioning strategy • One partition for the OS and installed applications • One partition for data

  33. Managing Windows XP Professional • Creating New Partitions in Windows XP (cont.) • Create a partition • Log on as an administrator • Open Computer Management console • Open Storage node and click Disk Management • Unpartitioned space is labeled “Unallocated” • Recommendation: change optical drive letter • Use New Partition wizard to partition space

  34. Managing Windows XP Professional • Installing and Removing Applications • Most applications have installation programs • Use a program’s uninstall if available • If no uninstall, use Add or Remove Programs

  35. Figure 5-12 Add or Remove Programs

  36. Managing Windows XP Professional • Managing Windows XP Components • To add or remove a Windows component, use the Windows Components wizard from the Add or Remove Programs applet in Control Panel • To add Windows components you will need the CD or a location where the source files are located • No CD needed to remove Windows components

  37. Securing Windows XP Professional • Applying Security to Files, Folders, and Printers • Securing Files and Folders on an NTFS Drive • Permissions Assigned to Personal Folders • NTFS Permission Inheritance • Inherited through folder hierarchy • Cannot alter inherited permission • Block inheritance and assign new permission

  38. Figure 5-20 The list of permissions for a folder

  39. Step-by-Step 5.04 Managing Windows XP Professional Viewing Permissions on Personal Folders

  40. Securing Windows XP Professional • Applying Security to Files, Folders, and Printers (cont.) • Combining NTFS and Share Permissions • Authentication (logon) • Share authorization • NTFS authorization

  41. Accessing an NTFS file or folder through a network share

  42. Securing Windows XP Professional • Applying Security to Files, Folders, and Printers (cont.) • NTFS File and Folder Encryption • Encrypting File System (EFS) • Encrypting a File or Folder • Decrypting Files and Folders

  43. Accepting the default will encrypt the current and future contents of a folder

  44. The warning message when encrypting a file

  45. Troubleshooting Common Windows XP Problems • The Blue Screen of Death (BSOD) • Preparing for Stop Errors in Windows XP • Write an Event to the System Log • Send an Administrative Alert • Automatically Restart • Writing Debugging Information

  46. The default System Failure settings on the Startup and Recovery page