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Affirmative / Negative Tú Commands

Affirmative / Negative Tú Commands

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Affirmative / Negative Tú Commands

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  1. Affirmative / Negative Tú Commands page 97Avancemos 3

  2. Affirmative Tú Commands

  3. Affirmative Tú Commands • You already know how to give affirmative commands to someone you address as tú. • You take the 3rd person form of the verb.

  4. Affirmative Tú Commands • Pasa por la calle. • Aprende a cocinar. • Escribe tarjetas postales.

  5. Affirmative Tú Commands • Some verbs have irregular affirmative tú commands. • To form many of these commands, take the yo form of the present tense and drop the -go:

  6. Affirmative Tú Commands • Poner (Infinitive) • Yo form? • Pongo • Command form? • Pon

  7. Affirmative Tú Commands • Tener (Infinitive) • Yo form? • Tengo • Command form? • Ten

  8. Affirmative Tú Commands • Decir (Infinitive) • Yo form? • Digo • Command form? • Di

  9. Affirmative Tú Commands • Salir (Infinitive) • Yo form? • Salgo • Command form? • Sal

  10. Affirmative Tú Commands • Venir (Infinitive) • Yo form? • Vengo • Command form? • Ven

  11. Affirmative Tú Commands • Hacer, Ser, and Ir have irregular tú command forms that must be memorized: • haz, sé, ve

  12. Affirmative Tú Commands • ¡Ve a la tienda! • Gotothestore! • ¡Di la verdad! • Tellthetruth!

  13. Negative Tú Commands

  14. Negative Tú Commands • To form negative tú commands with regular verbs, we drop the o of the present-tense yo form and add the following endings:

  15. Negative Tú Commands HABLAR es habl hablo No hables ahora

  16. Negative Tú Commands COMER as com como No comas eso.

  17. Negative Tú Commands ABRIR as abr abro No abras esa puerta.

  18. Negative Tú Commands • Notice that -ar verbs take the ending -es and that –er/-irverbs take the ending -as. • In stem-changing verbs the stem change remains.

  19. Negative Tú Commands • No enciendas el horno. • No añadasdemasiadosal. • No pongas los camarones en la sarténtodavía.

  20. Negative Tú Commands • Verbs ending in -car, -gar, and -zar have the following spelling changes in negative tú commands in order to maintain the original sound.

  21. Negative Tú Commands -car (c…qu) TOCAR toco toqu es No toques el piano.

  22. Negative Tú Commands -gar (g…gu) LLEGAR llego llegu es No llegues tarde.

  23. Negative Tú Commands -zar (z…c) CRUZAR cruzo cruc es No cruces aquí.

  24. Negative Tú Commands • Some verbs, such as ir, ser, dar, and estar have irregular negative tú command forms.

  25. Negative Tú Commands • Dar • Estar • Ir • Ser • No des • No estés • No vayas • No seas