What is a Family? • US Census Definition: • Two or more people who occupy the same household, and are related by blood, marriage, or adoption. • Definition Used for the Text: • An intimate group of 2 or more people who • Live together in a committed relationship • Care for one another and any children • Share activities and close emotional ties Are we missing anyone?
What is a Family? • Fictive Kin • Nonrelatives accepted as part of the family because of their close emotional bonds • Should they be included when we define family? Why or why not?
Marriage &Families Across Cultures Similarities Differences • Regulation of Sexual Activity • Procreation and Socialization • Economic Security • Emotional Support • Social Class Placement • Nuclear/Extended • Residence • Matrilocal • Patrilocal • Neolocal • Authority • Matriarchy • Patriarchy
Marriage • Endogamy • Exogamy • Monogamy • Polygamy • Polyandry • Polygyny
Who Can Marry? • What have been some historical prohibitions?
Who Can Marry? • No state allows parents to marry their children • Some states allow first cousins to marry • How do we react to the idea of cousins marrying? • Cultural relativism
Who Can Marry? • 18 years old w/o parental consent except: • Nebraska 19 • Mississippi 21 • If pregnant some states may waive age requirement • How important is age at marriage? Should it be a regulation or not?
Who Can Marry? • Polygamy of any form is illegal in all states. • Monogamy is the only legal form of marriage in the US. • Should this be regulated, Why or why not?
Who Can Marry? • Same sex marriage allowed in only five states • Massachusetts • Connecticut • Iowa • New Hampshire • New York • Vermont • DC • Coquille Tribe • CA, MD recognize SSM performed in other states • Other allow domestic partnerships or civil unions • CA, CO, DE, HI, IL, ME, NJ, NV, OR, WA, WI • Number of states have created laws forbidding the recognition of ssm in their state. • Should marriage be allowed or denied based upon gender of spouse?