Bell work Describe what you see in the painting. If you could give this picture a title, what would you call it?
Manifest Destiny Reading Questions 1. Define Manifest Destiny. 2. Who coined the phrase Manifest Destiny? 3.What was the idea of Manifest Destiny used by Americans to do? 4.Identify 4 factors which motivated Americans to move west. 5.What was the first step in American expansion? 6.How much did the population of America grow from 1800 to 1850? 7.How many Americans moved west between 1820 and 1850? 8. What impact has the belief in Manifest Destiny had on America’s foreign policy? • 1. Belief in America’s divine right to settle across the continent • 2. John O’ Sullivan in 1845 • 3. Acquire the west, reshaped in it’s image, and removal native peoples • 4. population growth Economics Land ownership- wealth, self rule Opportunity Frontier mystic Pacific and Asian Trade • 5. Louisiana Purchase • 6. 18 million • 7. 4 million • 8. Reshaping the world in our image, nation building, making the world ‘safe for democracy’
Manifest Destiny • Belief in America’s divine right to settle across the continent • Three Basics Themes • Virtues-American Exceptionalism • Mission- Remake the world in our image • Divine- God will’s it
How does this photo represent Manifest Destiny? • John Gast1872 • American Progress • Columbia represents the U.S. • Sky • Evolution of the settlement of the west • Transportation • Communication • People
Territorial Gains • (C)1803- Louisiana Purchase-Jefferson-France • (A)1819- Adams-Onis Treaty- Spain • (B) 1842-Webster-Ashburton Treaty • (G) 1845- Texas Annexation • (D) 1846-Oregon Treaty-49th Parallel • (E) 1848- Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo • (F) 1853- Gadsden Purchase- Mexico • 1867- Alaska- Russia • 1898- Hawaii is annexed
Westward Expansion Video Project • Your group will need to create a video presentation for the class • Groups of 3 or 4 • 50 points • Video Requirements • 2-4 minutes in length • Minimum of 10 photos related to your topic • Minimum of 3 quotes related to your topic • Text, voice and/or music • Minimum of 4 different sources cited in MLA format • Adequate information and detail about your topic and it’s importance in the expansion of U.S.
Westward Expansion Video Project • Each topic must be covered by at least one group ( no more than 2 per topic) • Topics • 1.Texas(settlement, war for independence, annexation) • 2. Mexican- American War(causes, events, land acquired) • 3. Homestead Act, Alaska, Hawaii • 4. California Settlement, Gold Rush, mining in the West • 5. Oregon Territory- Fur Trade, acquired, Oregon Trail
Westward Expansion Video Project • Topic Questions • With your group brainstorm 10 basic questions about your topic you feel your video presentation should answer.
Transcontinental Railroad Readings Questions Reading 1. Describe the choices for traveling to the west coast prior to the Transcontinental Railroad. 2. Name the two companies who built it. 3. What two groups of immigrants were critical to its completion? 4. How long did it take to build? 5. Where was the last spike driven in? 6. What challenges did the workers experience? 7. How does the railroad influence some American’s view of the Plain’s Native Americans? 8. List 3 impacts the Transcontinental Railroad has on America. • Reading 1
Cattle Industry and Cowboys Readings Questions Reading 1 1. What was the Spanish name for cowboys? 2. Who was Joseph McCoy and why was he important? 3. When did the cattle trade peak? 4. List 2 factors that led to the rise and fall of the cattle industry. Reading 2 1. List 3 differences between ‘Hollywood’ cowboys and ‘real’ cowboys. • Reading 1 • Reading 2(on website, called The Myth of the Cowboy)
Who needs Buffalo anyway? Reading Questions 1. How many buffalo were estimated to be on the plains prior to widespread hunting? 2. How many buffalo were left by the end of the 1800’s(look up on your own) 3. List 2 reasons for the slaughter of the buffalo. 4. Was the destruction of the buffalo necessary to the development of the American West? Explain your answer. • Reading 1
Native American Wars and Atrocities: Sand Creek Massacre Readings Questions 1. When did the Sand Creek Massacre happen? 2. What role did westward expansion play? 3. Who is Black Kettle? 4. Who is John Chivington? 5. Explain what happens. • Reading 1 • Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U0UF71_-HZY
Native American Wars and Atrocities: The Long Walk • Reading (listen to the link also) • Questions • 1. What tribes were involved? • 2. How many people die on the long walk and while at Bosque Redondo? • 3. Where did the Long Walk begin and end? • 4. How long was it? • 5. Why was it done? • 6. What person led the march for the U.S. Army?
Native American Wars and Atrocities: Sioux Wars Readings Questions 1.What caused the Dakota uprising? 2. What happened in Mankato, Minnesota? What does President Lincoln have to do with it? 3. What ultimatum does President Grant issue to the Sioux?(reading 2,2nd page) 4. Explain the events and significance of the Battle of the Little Bighorn? 5. What was the Ghost Dance? 6. What happened at Wounded Knee? • Reading 1 • Reading 2 • Reading 3 • Reading 4
“Kill the Indian, Not the Man” Readings Questions Reading 1 1. What was the purpose of boarding schools? 2. Why were schools the ideal place to force assimilation? 3.Explain the meaning of the phrase “kill the Indian, not the man’ and explain how this was done at boarding schools? 4. How do Native Americans react to boarding schools? Reading 2 1. How does U.S. Native American policy change during 1870 to 1900? 2. Why was this done? 3. What is the Dawes Act? • Reading 1 • Reading 2