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  1. Internships (Also known as Work-Based Learning or Placement) From National SAE Web Site Dr. Gary Moore Revised May 2007 by the Ag Ed Leadership Revision Committee

  2. What is an Internship? • Internship (placement) programs involve the employment of students on farms and ranches, in agricultural businesses, in school laboratories or in community facilities to provide a "learning by doing" environment. • This is done outside of normal classroom hours • It may be paid or non-paid employment.

  3. Why Do An Internship? • One of the best ways to learn something is to perform the task in a real world situation. Nothing beats the real thing.

  4. Why Do An Internship? • Earn Money. While some internships may not pay a salary, most do.

  5. Why Do An Internship? • Can lead to a real job in the future. If you do a good job on your internship, the place where you work may want to hire you permanently after you graduate.

  6. Why Do An Internship? • Establishes a network of contacts. By working in an internship, you come into contact with new people. You never can tell when one of these contacts may be able to open a door for you in the future.

  7. Why Do An Internship? • May be recognized in the FFA Proficiency Award Program. The National FFA Organization gives proficiency awards for students in both entrepreneurship and placement. For each proficiency award area, such as floriculture, students who own floral enterprises and those who do an internship in a floral enterprise are recognized.

  8. Internship Factors to Consider • Thinking, planning and effort is involved in a successful internship. • Since an internship is a three way partnership between the student, the school and a business certain guidelines need to be followed. Student School Business

  9. Internship Guideline 1 • The internship should be agriculturally related.

  10. Internship Guideline 2 • There should be supervision and instruction on the job by the employer. One of the reasons for the internship is to learn. If the student is in a situation where there is no supervisor, it will be difficult to learn.

  11. Internship Guideline 3 • Students should have completed previous classes in agriculture in order to be in an internship. Most agricultural businesses expect the intern to already possess some knowledge of agriculture.

  12. Internship Guideline 4 • One should fill out a job application form to have an internship. Filling out a job application is an important skill to be learned.

  13. Internship Guideline 5 • The person providing the internship should have the opportunity to interview two or more students and select the individual for the internship. Students gain interviewing skills and the employer has a choice.

  14. Internship Guideline 6 • A training agreement should be in writing and all parties should have a copy. A training agreement stipulates hours to be worked, pay, etc. This needs to be clear to everybody at the start of the internship.

  15. What is a Training Agreement? • A written statement documenting the: • hours • pay • student responsibilities • teacher responsibilities • employer responsibilities regarding the placement of a student.

  16. Internship Guideline 7 • A training plan should be in writing and all parties should have a copy. A training plan identifies exactly what the student will learn. This prevents the student from performing only menial tasks on the job.

  17. What is a Training Plan? • A written document specifying: • Skills and tasks the student will learn to perform on the job • Who will teach each skill or task (employer, teacher or both) • Safety instruction was provided by both teacher and employer • Level of mastery and date accomplished • All parties involved sign the plan

  18. Internship Guideline 8 • The student should be involved in a variety of activities in the internship situation. This should be spelled out in the training plan. This helps insure a quality internship experience.

  19. Internship Guideline 9 • The agriculture teacher should supervise the intern regularly.

  20. Internship Guideline 10 • The employer should have a say in the evaluation of the student

  21. Internship Guideline 11 • The student should maintain current, accurate records on the internship experience. Some states are now requiring a student portfolio for all high school graduates. This could be part of that portfolio.

  22. Internships are Serious Business • It should be obvious by now that an internship is a serious activity. It is just not fun and games. If you are still interested in doing an internship, there are some legal things you need to know.

  23. Legal Considerations in Internships Work-Based Learning (Placement)

  24. Labor Regulations • Federal and state labor laws regulate employment of youth • In order to protect yourself, you need to be aware of some of these regulations because: • There are certain hazardous tasks you are not allowed by law to perform • There are restrictions on the number of hours you can work

  25. Federal Law

  26. Employment Certificate • In most states all youth under the age of 18 who are employed must have an employment certificate • Obtained from County Social Services (or in some counties from the school) • Not required for students who volunteer

  27. Employment Certificate • Youth mowing lawns for private individuals don’t need one • There must be an employer-employee relationship • New certificate required for each employer • Note: Although the law requires employment certificates many employers are lax (due to ignorance)

  28. Can 13 year olds work? • Cannot be employed by an employer • However, they may deliver newspapers • They can work in parents’ business • Can work on a farm if their parents work there also.

  29. Work Hours

  30. Work Restrictions - 14 & 15 • Can’t work more than 3 hours a day when school is in session or more than 8 hours a day when school is not in session • Can’t work more than 18 hours a week when school is in session, or more than 40 hours when school is not in session • Can work only outside school hours

  31. However, • If a 14 or 15 year old is enrolled in a school based work experience program: • They can work during the school day • They can work 23 hours a week • They can work in some occupations otherwise prohibited

  32. Agricultural Occupations • One section of the labor laws govern employment in agricultural occupations. This is defined as those who: • Raise livestock, bees, fur-bearing animals, and poultry • Cultivate the soil, grow or harvest crops • Grow or harvest crops as employees of a contractor

  33. Agricultural Occupations • 12 & 13 years may work on farms where their parents are also employed • 14 is the minimum age for employment outside school hours in any agricultural occupation not declared hazardous • 16 is the minimum age for employment in any agricultural occupation declared hazardous

  34. Agricultural Occupations Hazardous 16 + Non-Hazardous After School 14 & 15 12 & 13 With Parents

  35. Minors under 16 cannot: • Operate a tractor over 20 horsepower • but there is an exemption for students in a bona fide agricultural education training program

  36. Minors under 16 cannot: • Operate or assist in the operation of a corn picker, cotton picker, grain combine, hay baler, feed grinder, power post-hole digger, feed grinder, etc. • but there is an exemption for students in a bona fide agricultural education training program

  37. Minors under 16 cannot: • Operate or assist in the operation of earthmoving equipment, fork lift, potato combine, or power saws. • but there is an exemption for students in a bona fide agricultural education training program

  38. Minors under 16 cannot: • Work in a yard, pen or stall occupied by a bull, boar, stallion or cow and sow with newborn. • but there is an exemption for students in a bona fide agricultural education training program

  39. Minors under 16 cannot: • Work with timber over 6 inches in butt diameter. • but there is an exemption for students in a bona fide agricultural education training program

  40. Minors under 16 cannot: • Work from a ladder or scaffold over 20 ft high. • but there is an exemption for students in a bona fide agricultural education training program

  41. Minors under 16 cannot: • Drive a bus, truck or automobile when transporting passengers. • There are no student exemptions

  42. Minors under 16 cannot: • Work inside a silo, manure pit, or fruit storage area. • There are no exemptions

  43. Minors under 16 cannot: • Handle or apply agricultural chemicals with the words Danger, Poison or Warning on the label. • There are no exemptions

  44. Minors under 16 cannot: • Handle or use blasting agents. • There are no exemptions

  45. Minors under 16 cannot: • Transport, transfer or apply anhydrous ammonia. • There are no exemptions

  46. Exemptions? • Student-learners in a bona fide agricultural education program are exempt from restrictions 1-6 provided: • Such work is incidental to training, intermittent, for short periods of time and under supervision • Safety instruction is given by the school • A training plan is in place • Students who work for their parentsare also exempt.

  47. Hazardous Nonagricultural Occupations • Occupations that don’t qualify as agricultural occupations are considered as nonagricultural • There are a numerous nonagricultural jobs that youth under the age of 18 can’t do. • Even though the federal government classifies the jobs as nonagricultural, several really are.

  48. Minors under 18 cannot: • Be involved in manufacturing and storing explosives • There are no student exemptions

  49. Minors under 18 cannot: • Operate a motor vehicle • There are no student exemptions

  50. Minors under 18 cannot: • Work in coal mining • There are no student exemptions