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Princeton Review SAT Book

Princeton Review SAT Book

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Princeton Review SAT Book

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  1. Princeton Review SAT Book PowerPoint #1 (Grade 9): Part II: Critical Reading Section 2: Sentence Completions Introduction (pages 18-52)

  2. Sentence Completions (page 18-21) • Each of the two 25 minute Critical Reading sections of SAT begins with sentence completion questions. • There are 7 or 8 of these that get increasingly more difficult. • TIP: Always look for a clue that leads you to the correct answer.

  3. You’ll never see this kind of question. • Jane --------- the VCR. • installed • dropped • programmed • stole • shot Since ANY answer could work, there is no one best answer. The SAT is not that tricky.

  4. Look for the clue! • Because she wanted to tape a program when she wasn’t home, Jane --------- the VCR. • installed • dropped • programmed • stole • shot Before you answer . . . What is the clue in the question? (There is only one best answer.)

  5. The clue is . . . • Because she wanted to tape a program when she wasn’t home, Jane --------- the VCR. • installed • dropped • programmed • stole • shot

  6. And the correct answer is . . . • Because she wanted to tape a program when she wasn’t home, Jane --------- the VCR. • installed • dropped • programmed • stole • shot

  7. The Princeton Review Method • Cover up the answer choices. • Look for the clue in the sentence. • Look at the answer choices and see ones best fit. Eliminate ones that are definitely wrong. • If you still have more than one choice, take your best guess.

  8. Using the Method, what is the answer? • So --------- was the young boy’s behavior that his teachers decided to give him a gold star. • exemplary • unruly • arrogant • radical • imaginative

  9. 1. Cover up the answer choices. • So --------- was the young boy’s behavior that his teachers decided to give him a gold star.

  10. 2. Look for the clue. • So --------- was the young boy’s behavior that his teachers decided to give him a gold star.

  11. 2. Look for the clue. • So --------- was the young boy’s behavior that his teachers decided to give him a gold star. • Sounds like positive, good behavior, right?

  12. 3. Look for answers that seem most likely; eliminate any that are definitely wrong. • So --------- was the young boy’s behavior that his teachers decided to give him a gold star. • exemplary • unruly • arrogant • radical • imaginative

  13. 3. Look for answers that seem most likely; eliminate any that are definitely wrong. • So --------- was the young boy’s behavior that his teachers decided to give him a gold star. • exemplary • xxxx • xxxx • xxxx • imaginative

  14. 4. Take a best guess among the remaining choices. • So --------- was the young boy’s behavior that his teachers decided to give him a gold star. • exemplary • xxxx • xxxx • xxxx • imaginative

  15. 4. Take a best guess among the remaining choices. • So --------- was the young boy’s behavior that his teachers decided to give him a gold star. • exemplary (means “ideal, worthy of imitation”) • xxxx • xxxx • xxxx • imaginative

  16. Quick Quiz #1 (page 22) • Take out a piece of paper and put your name on it. • Write down numbers #1 through 5. • Turn to page 22. Cover up page 23 (the answers) with a folder or something else besides your paper (which you might see through!). • Answer the questions, only writing down the correct letter answer for each. When you are finished, close the workbook with your answer sheet and/or folder as a bookmark. • You have five minutes.

  17. Answers to Quick Quiz #1 (page 23) The answers are: • B • D • A • E • C • Explanations for your answers are on page 23. • How did you do? • Any questions?

  18. Trigger Words (pages 24-25) • Certain words reveal a lot about the structure of a sentence. We call those words “trigger words.” • Watching for trigger words can be another kind of clue to help you complete sentences. • TIP: Always circle trigger words whenever you see them. • TIP: Using these words and phrases in “compare and contrast” essays, and answers for ORQs, are also very effective!

  19. What are words that could complete this sentence? You’re beautiful, but you’re . . .

  20. What are words that could complete this sentence? You’re beautiful, but you’re . . . If but helped you realize the continuation would be negative (different than the positive word “beautiful”), good job! But is an example of a trigger word that signals a contradiction.

  21. Contradiction trigger words/phrases

  22. What are words that could complete this sentence? You’re beautiful, and you’re very . . .

  23. What are words that could complete this sentence? You’re beautiful, and you’re very . . . If and helped you realize the continuation would be positive (since “beautiful” is also considered positive), good job! And is an example of a trigger word that signals a continuation or amplification.

  24. Continuation/amplification trigger words/phrases

  25. Quick Quiz #2 (page 26) • Write down numbers #1 through 5. • Turn to page 26. Cover up page 27 (the answers) with a folder or something else besides your paper (which you might see through!). • Answer the questions, only writing down the correct letter answer for each. When you are finished, close the workbook with your answer sheet and/or folder as a bookmark. • You have five minutes.

  26. Answers to Quick Quiz #2 (page 27) The answers are: • B • A • C • E • E • Explanations for your answers are on page 27. • How did you do? • Any questions?

  27. Degree of Difficulty (page 28) • Remember: the first few sentence completions of each new set / section are relatively easy. The sentences, and the correct answers, get progressively harder as you continue. • As you near the end of the sentence completions, as a last-ditch strategy, throw out the easy vocabulary words and take a guess! • TIP: Remember that the answers to difficult sentence completions tend to use difficult vocabulary words.

  28. Example #1 (Degree of Difficulty) • supplied • tainted • betrayed • corrected • increased

  29. Example #1 (Degree of Difficulty) • xxxx • tainted • xxxx • xxxx • xxxx

  30. Example #2 (Degree of Difficulty) • complexity • uniqueness • exorbitance • paucity • fragility

  31. Example #2 (Degree of Difficulty) • xxxx • xxxx • exorbitance • paucity • xxxx

  32. Example #3 (Degree of Difficulty) • (already eliminated) • indifference . . . legitimate • (already eliminated) • immunity . . . hyperbolic • (already eliminated)

  33. Example #3 (Degree of Difficulty) • (already eliminated) • indifference . . . legitimate • (already eliminated) • immunity . . . hyperbolic • (already eliminated)

  34. Quick Quiz #3 (page 29) • Turn to page 26. Cover up the answers on the bottom half with your folder. • Answer the questions, using the shaded bubble area. • You have two minutes.

  35. Answers to Quick Quiz #3 The answers are: • B • D • D • Read over the explanations for any that you missed. • How did you do? • Any questions?

  36. Is a missing word positive or negative? (page 30-31) • Look for context clues in the sentence to help determine whether the correct word is positive or negative. • NOTE: You can only determine if a possible word choice is positive or negative if you have seen it before!

  37. Are we looking for a positive or negative word? • When Lattitia Douglas was ----- by the railroad company in 1903, it represented a personal victory for her. • censured • lauded • rebuked • rebutted • undermined Before you answer . . . What is the clue in the question?

  38. Are we looking for a positive or negative word? • When Lattitia Douglas was ----- by the railroad company in 1903, it represented a personal victory for her. • censured • lauded • rebuked • rebutted • undermined “Victory” is positive. Which of the answers seems to be the best positive word choice?

  39. Are we looking for a positive or negative word? • When Lattitia Douglas was ----- by the railroad company in 1903, it represented a personal victory for her. • censured • lauded (means “praised”) • rebuked • rebutted • undermined

  40. Two-Blank Sentence Completion (pages 31-34) • The same idea of looking for positive/negative clues applies to two-blank sentence completion, but you can quickly eliminate wrong answer pairs if you know one half definitely does not fit. • TIP: In two-blank sentence completions, attack the blanks one at a time. • TIP: It sometimes helps to actually write the words “positive” or “negative” into the blanks, in order to help determine which pair fits best.

  41. The Princeton Review Method • Cover up the answer choices and read the entire sentence. • If possible, write “positive” and/or “negative” in the blanks, to help with answer choices. • Decide which of the two blanks would be easier for you to fill in with your own word. • Concentrate on that corresponding word choice in the pair answers, eliminating wrong answers. • For the remaining answers, look at the other word choice, and see what fits best in the sentence.

  42. Using the Method, what is the answer? • Although the food at the restaurant was usually ---------, the main course was ----- by an overabundance of salt. • bland . . enhanced • indifferent . . supplanted • delectable . . marred • distinguished . . elevated • diverse . . superb

  43. 1. Cover up the answer choices and read the entire sentence. • Although the food at the restaurant was usually --------, the main course was ----- by an overabundance of salt.

  44. 2. If possible, write “positive” and/or “negative” in the blanks, to help with answer choices. • Although the food at the restaurant was usually --------, the main course was ----- by an overabundance of salt.

  45. 2. If possible, write “positive” and/or “negative” in the blanks, to help with answer choices. • Although the food at the restaurant was usually (positive), the main course was (negative) by an overabundance of salt.

  46. 3. Decide which of the two blanks would be easier for you to fill in with your own word. • Although the food at the restaurant was usually (positive), the main course was (negative) by an overabundance of salt.

  47. 3. Decide which of the two blanks would be easier for you to fill in with your own word. • Although the food at the restaurant was usually (positive), the main course was (negative) by an overabundance of salt. Let’s try the second blank. There’s not a lot of information in the first half of the sentence, but we can probably come up with several words that would work for the second. “Ruined”? “Spoiled”? “Flawed”?

  48. 4. Concentrate on that corresponding word choice in the pair answers, eliminating wrong answers. • Although the food at the restaurant was usually (positive), the main course was (negative) by an overabundance of salt. • bland . . enhanced • indifferent . . supplanted • delectable . . marred • distinguished . . elevated • diverse . . superb

  49. 4. Concentrate on that corresponding word choice in the pair answers, eliminating wrong answers. • Although the food at the restaurant was usually (positive), the main course was (negative) by an overabundance of salt. • xxxxx • indifferent . . supplanted • delectable . . marred • xxxxx • xxxxx

  50. 5. For the remaining answers, look at the other word choice, and see what fits best in the sentence. • Although the food at the restaurant was usually (positive), the main course was (negative) by an overabundance of salt. • xxxxx • indifferent . . supplanted • delectable . . marred • xxxxx • xxxxx