History Originally based in mainland China, the Republic of China now governs the island of Taiwan (formerly known as Formosa), which makes up over 99% of its territory. The island of Taiwan was mainly inhabited by Taiwanese aborigines until the Dutch period when Chinese began immigrating to the island. The Qing Dynasty of China later conquered Taiwan in 1683. By the time Taiwan was ceded to Japan in 1895, the majority of Taiwan's inhabitants were Han Chinese either by ancestry or by assimilation. The Republic of China (ROC) was established in China in 1912. At the end of World War II in 1945, Japan surrendered Taiwan to ROC military forces on behalf of the Allies of World War II, and became part of ROC territory (There's controversy regarding the legality of this issue. See Taiwan independence).
Climate Taiwan is situated between the world's largest continent (Asia) and largest ocean (Pacific). The Tropic of Cancer (23.5° N) running across its middle section divides the island into two climates, the tropical monsoon climate in the south and subtropical monsoon climate in the north. Taiwan's annual average temperature is about 24 degrees Celsius in the south and 22°C in the north. In July, the warmest month, the island's temperature goes up to 27°C with the north slightly warmer than the south. In the winter, the coldest average temperature for the north is about 15°C in February while that for the south is around 19°C in January.
Food Taiwan is home to an ethnic and cultural diversity that affects its dietary culture as well. Taiwanese cuisine has been strongly influenced by foods rooted in mainland China’s Fujian province, and also by the cuisines of Fuzhou, Chaozhou and Guangdong. During Taiwan’s half-century of Japanese colonial rule, Japanese-style cooking techniques also began to color Taiwanese food. Such classic Japanese foods as fried prawns and raw fish have been transformed into Taiwanese specialties. “Hostess club cuisine (酒家菜),” which developed in the Beitou area at social clubs and entertainment venues, and “bando (辦桌)” culture, a form of boisterous eating around a round table in an open space, were significant in the development of Taiwanese cuisine. When the Republic of China government relocated to Taiwan, Taiwanese cuisine began to incorporate the hometown dishes of people who arrived from the various mainland Chinese provinces, resulting in a still greater diversity
Pictures Chao Mifen (炒米粉 Stir-fried Rice Vermicelli) Tsai-bo-neng (菜脯蛋 Dried Radish and Egg Frittata) Ang-jim-bi-go (紅蟳米糕 Serrated Swimming Crab and Glutinous Rice Cake) Im-sheeng-o (蔭豉鮮蚵 Oysters in Black Bean Sauce)
Religion Taiwan is a country of various religious beliefs. There are currently thirteen registered religions on the island practiced by nearly half the residents of Taiwan. These religions include Buddhism (the most popular), Taoism, Catholicism, Protestantism, Hsuan-yuanChiao, Islam, Li-ism, Tenrikyo, Baha'i, T'ienti Teachings, Tien Te Chiao, I-Kuan Tao, and Mahikarikyo. Buddhism is the most prevalent institutionalized religion in Taiwan, and is practiced by almost 4.9 million individuals. Originating from India, Buddhism was introduced to Taiwan in the late 16th Century. The more significant type of Buddhism today is the Mahayana (Great Wheel). Devotees of this religion chant mantras and sutras, and practice meditation in the many temples available on the island.
Holidays January 1.Founding of the Republic of China and New Year's Day . January 23. Chinese New Year February 28. Peace Memorial Day April 5.Tomb-Sweeping Day May 1.Labour Day. September 30.*(15th day, 8th moon) Mid-Autumn Moon Festival October 10.National Day
Famous Places in Taiwan Taipe
Sports Sports are a popular recreation activity in Taiwan. Some of the most common sports include basketball, baseball, soccer and softball. Martial arts such as t'ai chi ch'uan and taekwondo is also practiced by many people. International-known athletes include Yang Chuan-kwang, Chi Cheng, and Yani Tseng among others. The most popular spectator sport is baseball.