M4U3 Tomorrow’s world The passive voice
V. S. O. The lovely robotsattractsthe visitors. V. O. S. The visitorsare attracted bythe lovely robots.
O. S. V. Many peoplevisitedthe Great Wall last year. S. O. V. The Great Wallwas visited by manypeople last year.
The passive voice be + done 语态是动词的一种形式，表示主语和动词之间的关系。 英语动词有两种语态：主动语态和被动语态。 在主动语态中，句子的主语是动作发出者；在被动语态中，句子的主语是动作的接受者或受影响者。句子的主动语态和被动语态可互换，在意义上区别很小。 被动语态是动词的一种特殊形式，一般说来，只有需要动作对象的及物动词才有被动语态。
Understanding Read the instructions on P48 and then complete the following exercises.
The passive voice in different tenses: do/does am/is/are + done did was/ were + done am/is/are doing am/is/are + being done was/were doing was/were + being done has/have done have/has + been done had done had + been done be going to/ will do will/be going to + be done
are being watered was given • The flowers _______________ (water) by them now. • I __________ (give) a new book by my father on my birthday. • Some interesting stories are often told ______us in English. • He was heard _____ say goodbye to his friend. • He was seen ________ basketball on the playground at 5:30 yesterday afternoon. • I suggest that you lock your bicycle in the future, and then it won't get _______. to to playing stolen
Translate the following sentences. 1. 这件毛衣很好洗。 This sweater ______(wash) well. 2．这些花闻起来很香。 The flowers ________ (smell) sweet. 3. 这种布料易干. This kind of cloth _______ (dry) easily. 4. 你的外套该洗洗了。 Your coat needs _______(wash). 5. 这本书值得一看。 This book is worth ________(read). washes reads dries washing reading
表示状态的动词如 fail, suit, contain, own, hold, fit, cost, lack, become, have, and feel等不能用被动语态。 • e.g. I like pop songs and often listen to them. • He has a big house near the river. • You can depend on her to deal with the • situation.
一些特殊的被动语态句型: • It + passive verb + that clause • It+动词的被动语态形式+that引导的从句 • e.g. It is said that he will recover soon. • It is believed that the three missing sailors • have drowned. • Subject + passive verb + to infinitive • 主语+动词的被动语态形式+动词不定式 • e.g. The Sun was once thought to travel around • the Earth.
It is said that Li Ping will study abroad. Li Ping is said to study abroad. It is said that Li Ping is studying abroad. Li Ping is said to be studying abroad. It is said that Li Ping studied abroad. Li Ping is said to have studied abroad. It is said that Li Ping has been studying abroad. Li Ping is said to have been studying abroad.
Practice Read the information on page 49 and complete the report on the event. 1. ________________ 2. __________________ 3. ________________ 4. __________________ 5. ________________ 6. __________________ 7. ________________ 8. __________________ 9. ________________ 10. _________________ are being the Electric Wear Company was invented been developed been completed are used will be will be produced been announced are cleaned/ can be cleaned
Modal verb + be + done Read the first report on page 50 and complete the second. Answers: 1. ______________ 2. ______________ 3. ______________ 4. ______________ 5. ______________ can be reduced must be taken must be worn may become ought to be reduced
Verbs often used in the passive voice Some verbs are often used in the passive voice and function like adjectives. e.g. The children are gettingexcited about the coming holiday. Don’t you get tired of arguing about the some thing all the time?
More examples be amazed by, be situated in\on, be surprised at, be tired of, by be pleased with, be addicted to, be satisfied with, be shocked at, be frightened by， be bored with, be excited about, be disappointed at\by, be fascinated by， be interested in, ,be impressed at \by\with, be informed of ……..
Look at the timeline showing the history of Napster and complete the article on page 51. Answers: 1. ________________ 2. ________________ 3. ________________ 4. ________________ 5. ________________ 6. ________________ 7. ________________ 8. ________________ bored with interested in was founded were employed was surprised at was accused of was closed down was purchased
1. Good care must ___ babies particularly while they are ill. A. take B. take of C. be taken D. be taken of • 2. — Is Bob still performing ? • — I’m afraid not. He is said ______ the stage already as he has become an official. • to have left B. to leave • C. to have been left D. to be left
3. She is very shy and she is not used to ____ in front of others. A. praise B. praising C. being praised D. be praised 4. — What did the students think of the speech made by the lecturer yesterday? — To tell you the truth, the students were all ____ with the ___ speech. A. boring; boring B. boring; bored C. bored; bored D. bored; boring
5. At the end of the meeting, it was announced that an agreement ______.（2007 江苏卷） A. has been reached B. had been reached C. has reached D. had reached 6. John had to have his car repaired in a garage because it ____ seriously.（2007 上海春） A. damaged B. was being damaged C. had damaged D. had been damaged
7. The flowers were so lovely that they ______ in no time. (2007全国I) A. sold B. had been sold C. were sold D. would sell 8. — Have you handed in your schoolwork yet? — Yes, I have. I guess it ______ now. (2007辽宁) A. has graded B. is graded C. is being graded D. is grading
C1&C2 on P108 KYB Grammar