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  1. Today we will: • Continue discussing the best strategies for avoiding plagiarism; • Look at MLA formattingfor Works Cited pages; • Continue our research process and begin drafting feeder 1.2.

  2. 1. Quotation Exercise • Quote from Annie Murphy Paul, NYT, par. 8: “instead of concentrating the study of information in single blocks, as many homework assignments currently do — reading about, say, the Civil War one evening and Reconstruction the next — learners encounter the same material in briefer sessions spread over a longer period of time.” • My sentence: As a teacher, I constantly try to improve the effectiveness of the homework I assign. [come up with a second sentence that includes the above quotation here].

  3. 2. Quotation of a Quotation • Use this technique when you borrow a direct quotation that was already cited in your source material. • Signal both the author of the article/book and the speaker of the quotation! Example: Caramanica then mentions that Britney Spears declined Lady Gaga’s offer of a kiss because “‘I’ve done that already,’ referring to her 2003 VMA tangle with Madonna and Christina Aguilera”(par. 8).

  4. 3. Paraphrase • Paraphrasesexpress an author’s original ideas in different words and in a different order. • All paraphrases must be cited. • Signal if you want to call attention to the original author. Original by Caramanica “This was maybe the most bleeped award show in history, and certainly among the lewdest.” Paraphrase This year’s VMAs contained many censored moments because performers used foul language like seldom before (Caramanica par.2).

  5. 3. Paraphrase Exercise Both quotations are from Mandy Van Deven, writer at • Par. 3. “In The Sibling Effect, science writer Jeffrey Kluger argues that the relationships we have with our siblings are the most important ones of our lives: From the time we gain a brother or sister, they can be both our fiercest competitors and closest confidantes.” • Par. 29. “When you think of an only child, the stereotypical image that comes to mind is of a forlorn figure in a silent house whose parents are occupied by adult chores and who doesn’t know how to play with cousins at Thanksgiving--yet study after study has found that none of this is true.”

  6. 4. Summary Concisely conveys the main idea of a longer passage from an original source. Must be cited and, if necessary, signaled. Quotation: “According to the Instrument of Student Governance, UNC’s Honor Court defines plagiarism as the ‘deliberate or reckless representation of another’s words, thoughts, or ideas as one’s own without attribution in connection with submission of academic work, whether graded or otherwise’” (II.B.1.). Summary: TheInstrument of Student Governance discourages any behavior that disrespects other people, including misrepresenting others’ work as your own (II).

  7. 5. Common Knowledge Information that is widely known can be considered common knowledge: • If you find the same information in multiple sources, it may be common knowledge; • If your audience can be said to assume the information, it is common knowledge. • If the information would be found in a basic Encyclopedia entry, it is probably common knowledge. • If several sources offer different answers to the same question, however, it is very likely that no answer can be considered common knowledge.

  8. Works Cited Page • Your paper is incomplete unless it has both in-text citations and bibliographic citations. • All entries in the Works Cited page must correspond to the works cited in the main text. • Always start a new page for the Works Cited page.

  9. MLA Finetuning Exercise Mack, Kristin. "The Effects of Early Parental Death on Sibling Relationships in Later Life." Omega: Journal of Death and Dying Vol. 49.3 (2004): 131-148. Web. 14 Jan. 2011 <>. Fowkes, Katherine A. The Fantasy Film. Chichester, U.K. ;: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010. Print. McKenzie, Susan. "Queering gender: anima/animus and the paradigm of emergence." Journal of Analytical Psychology 51.3 (2006): 401-421. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 19 Jan. 2011. Walton, Theresa A, Helstein, Michelle T. Triumph of Backlash: Wrestling Community and the "Problem" of TitleIX. Sociology of Sport Journal; Sep2008, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p369-386, 18p. Academic Search Premier. January 20, 2011.

  10. Independent Work Determine your own progress so far: 1. You are NOT satisfied with your sources yet: Continue looking for new sources and consult with your group members. Make sure you leave this room today with at least three sources from which to draw for you feeder 1.2! OR 2. You ARE satisfied with your sources: Create a Works Cited page for your feeder 1.2. Use the link on our website [“MLA Format (provided by Purdue OWL)”] if you get stuck. OR 3. You already HAVE a Works Cited page: Make an outline for your feeder 1.2. Determine what kind of information should appear in the introduction, the main body of the text, and the conclusion. What sub-points will you address and in what order?

  11. Homework for Wednesday 1. Draft the first version of your second feeder and email it to me by Wednesday morning, 9am. • Research/writing workshop in class on Wednesday. • Deadline for final submission pushed back to Monday, September 19th. • Office hours (MW 10-11:30 @ Greenlaw 314) if you need more guidance; also contact Kim Vasiliadis, the research librarian. 2. Begin reading chapter 3on Argument in How to Write Anything (pp. 68-100). Finish this chapter by Friday.