Download
rheology n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Rheology PowerPoint Presentation

Rheology

586 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Rheology

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Rheology Goal: To understand some simple stress-strain relationships

  2. Relationship between stress and strain Why did various types of putty deform differently? • Was stress constant in these experiments? • Was temperature constant? • What other variables exist?

  3. Rheology: The study of relationship between stress and strain in deforming materials • The term rheology is also used as a noun for a material property. For instance: The rheology of glacial ice. • If two materials have different rheologies, we say they are rheologically (adverb) different

  4. Elastic rheologies • Example — rubber band • Exhibit recoverable strain • Elastic deformation is strain-rate independent

  5. Elastic behavior described by Hook’s Law σd = E x e E = Young’s modulus e = elongation Can draw strain/time and stress/strain curves for this

  6. Viscous rheologies • Viscous materials deform by flowing • Examples: Honey, motor oil, water, and Lava. Silly Putty is an approximately viscous material. • Exhibit permanent, nonrecoverable strain. • Strain-rate dependent: Deform Silly Putty as an example

  7. Viscous flow is described by ė = σd/η η = material’s viscosity Can draw strain/time and stress/strain-rate curves for this

  8. Real rocks.... Combination of elastic/frictional-brittle and nonlinear-viscous behavior • The transition is dependent on both temperature (T) and strain rate (ė) • Can use silly putty as an example the effects of both T and ė