Space Earth in the Universe
Earth in the Universe Essential Standard: 6.E.1 Understand the earth/moon/sun system, and the properties, structures, and predictable motions of celestial bodies in the Universe. Clarifying Objective: 6.E.1.1 Explain how the relative motion and relative position of the sun, Earth and moon affect the seasons, tides, phases of the moon, and eclipses. 6.E.1.2 Explain why Earth sustains life while other planets do not based on their properties (including types of surface, atmosphere and gravitational force) and location to the Sun.
Warm Up Gravity causes objects to be grouped together in space. What other space bodies is planet Earth grouped with?
Watch AMNH The Known Universe http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=17jymDn0W6U Create a statement that defines the relationship of the Universe, Solar System, Milky Way Galaxy, and Earth.
The Solar System consists of the Sun, planets, moons, asteroids, meteors, comets, dust, gases and primarily empty space. The Sun is the major source of heat and light for the solar system. Everything in the solar system is under the direct influence of the Sun’s gravitational pull. Planets are the largest objects in the solar system and due to the Sun’s gravitational pull, they revolve around the sun with known frequencies. ·
Humans have traveled to the moon, landed probes on Mars and Venus, and sent probes speeding past Jupiter, Saturn and Uranus. Scientists have also learned that there are millions of galaxies in space, each containing solar systems. We also had the Hubble Telescope built so scientists could learn much more about the uniqueness of Earth and its place in our solar system and universe.
Warm Up 1. On Friday, February 14, a 4.1 magnitude earthquake shook Charlotte briefly at 10:23PM. Its epicenter was located 160 miles southwest of Charlotte on the border of SC and GA. How did we feel it here? 2. Mount Kelud in Indonesia erupted on Thursday, February 13, forcing the evacuation of 10,000 people and killing 4. Knowing that Indonesia is a series of islands in the Pacific Ocean, what most likely caused the volcanic eruption? 3. Brainstorm: What is the difference between an asteroid and a comet?
Top 5 Volcanoes of recent times http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R15iePGcFYE
NEO Asteroid An asteroid the size of three football fields whizzed by the Earth Monday Night at 9PM Eastern Time. It was flying at 27,000 miles per hour. It was a whopping 885 feet in diameter and came as close as 8.8 lunar distances from Earth. There was a live webcast on the SLOOH website, www.events.slooh.com, but they weren’t able to see anything. Why?
Comets vs. Asteroids vs. Meteors In your Notebook, Make a T-Chart that looks like this: Comets Asteroids Meteors
Watch video, fill in chart http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kAJHVII3_-0
Check your answers: http://amazing-space.stsci.edu/resources/organizers/docs/tchr_tchart_comet_astrd.pdf
Warm Up 1. There was a live webcast on the SLOOH website for the giant asteroid the size of three football fields on Monday Night that flew past at 27,000 miles per hour at 8.8 lunar distances from Earth but they weren’t able to see anything. Why? 2. What’s the difference between comets, asteroids and meteors?
Solar System Song They Might Be Giants http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XI5nBUidKqo
Graphic Organizer: The Planets Read article. Jigsaw planets in groups of 4. Use textbook pps. 85-99E to fill in graphic organizer.
Warm Up:Read “The Planets” Article Complete a Graphic Organizer on the qualities of Inner and Outer Planets: Inner Planets Outer Planets Both
Time for a BrainPop A (StudyJamB) http://www.brainpop.com/science/space/solarsystem/ Do assessment afterwards. http://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/solar-system/universe.htm
Think about it? In your notebook: Explain why the Earth out of all the planets can sustain life.
Rotation vs. Revolution What was the difference again? Ball as example
Time Zone Chart: Why do we have time zones in the U.S., the world? There are 24 time zones on the Earth What time is it where the Olympics are being held right now?
There are 4 Time Zones in the United States: Have you ever had to call someone in a different time zone or traveled out of this time zone into another?
Activity: Rotation and Tilt • The Earth rotates on its axis at 23 degree tilt to the East every 24 hours. • Hold your right thumb up: the direction your fingers are curving is to the East. • The tilt is why our days and nights are not exactly 12 hours each.
Handout + Text p. R58 (Reference in the back of textbook) Read Text p. R58, and answer the Review Questions on your handout.
Warm Up Why does the Sun appear to rise in the East, move across the sky, and set in the West?
Moon Phases Calendar Record on the teacher provided calendar, the Moon information from yesterday, Feb. 23:
What the moon looks like today http://aa.usno.navy.mil/imagery/moon
Phases of the Moon animation : http://www.harcourtschool.com/activity/moon_phases/
Let’s Model This: Model using sytrofoam balls and lamp; model using students as sun, moon, and Earth. What about the dark side of the moon? http://www.space.com/11186-photo-side-moon-nasa-lunar-orbiter.html
StudyJams Phases of the Moon http://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/solar-system/moon.htm Fill in Notes on handout
DE Reading: Earth and the Moon Jigsaw - teacher will number students off 1 thru 3. Students will read that part of the article and answer those specific questions association with the reading. Students will then break into a different group where there is one “expert” in each small group to share their answers. The other students will record the answer to the questions by listening to the expert explain the answer.J *Teacher calls on students randomly, they will share the answer to the reading questions.
Warm Up: On your worksheet from last class 1. Complete Worksheet Jigsawed Questions 2. Do the 3-2-1: • 3 facts about gravitational pull and the Earth and moon • 2 facts about the phases of the moon • 1 general fact about the moon
Review Homework: What the moon looked like yesterday: http://aa.usno.navy.mil/imagery/moon
Let’s Review the Moon Phases Rotation and Revolution: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=exIpL0Uhr_k Now a different view: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OZIB_leg75Q
Dark Side of the Moon Until NASA sent the LRO probe in 2009, no one had seen the Dark Side of the Moon. This is the moon mapped through a compilation of pictures. What can you observe about the other side of the moon? Why do you think it is that way? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sNUNB6CMnE8
Watch Brainpop Eclipses http://www.brainpop.com/science/space/eclipse/activity/ Do assessment afterward
Group Activity: Eclipses Group Worksheet Flashlight Styrofoam Ball
Warm Up Phases of the Moon Worksheet
How the moon was made: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Sp4IEAO_ngU
Did you know? The last Lunar Eclipse was on October 18, 2013. The next Lunar Eclipse will be on April 14, 2014. The next total Solar Eclipse that can be seen from the US is August 21, 2017.
Total Solar Eclipse: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eOvWioz4PoQ Total Solar Eclipse: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eOvWioz4PoQ Watch StudyJam Tides http://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/weather-and-climate/tides.htm
Read Tides and Water Levels Handout. Together as a class.
Modeling the Tides The lone student represents the moon and walks slowly around the outside of the class. As the moon passes by, the students in the chairs who are nearest the moon lean toward it. Students at the opposite end are also leaning outward. What force causes this? Why does the opposite side bulge as well? What would happen if we added the Sun?
Warm Up:Tides Worksheet Draw a diagram of the Earth, Moon and the bulge of the tides and label it: 1. Why do we have high and low tides? 2. Why does the opposite side bulge as well? 3. What would happen if we added the Sun?
Lunar Eclipse http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a6CXLf_74AE