The Townshend Acts Bringing Britain and the Colonies Closer to War
REVIEW: • Write down 2 important facts about the Sugar Act. • How did the colonies react? • Write down 2 important facts about the Stamp Act. • How did the colonies react?
The Stamp Act Fails! • Parliament is forced to repeal the Stamp Act in March of 1766…Success! • BUT they issue the Declaratory Act: • Asserted Parliament’s right to make laws to “Bind the colonies and people of America in all cases whatsoever.” • What key word sticks out here?
“Bind the colonies and people of America in all cases whatsoever.” • To hold or restrain • To tie up or fasten something. • To be uncomfortably tight or restricting, as clothes. • Who is this really supposed to describe, according to colonists?
Britain looks at us as property, upon which they can lay any laws they wish.
Townshend Acts (1767-1770) • Newly appointed minister, Charles Townshend, steps up to the plate. • Replaces Grenville; has a new taxation plan to gain revenue from the colonies • They were called, “The Townshend Acts” If we could tax one thing that colonists use every single day, what would it be?
Townshend Acts (1767-1770) • Unlike the Stamp Act, these were indirect taxes. • Three penny tax on tea! Unfair! • Also taxed glass, lead, paint, and paper. • Colonists reacted with rage • Well-organized resistance • The educated would speak to large crowds, gain support against Britain’s injustices. • Never-ending “taxation without representation”!
Townshend Acts (1767-1770) • Samuel Adams led radicals in urging a renewed boycott of British goods • Every woman of society becomes unified All Americans are linked as one under one cause • Wealthy women stopped buying British luxury goods • “Spinning bees”- public spinning and weaving of colonial made cloth
Conflict Intensifies June 1768 • British customs agents in Boston seize John Hancock’s merchant ship Liberty • Claimed that Hancock had smuggled wine and failed to pay taxes • Riots erupted against customs agents • British, in response to these uprisings, stationed 4,000 troops in Boston. • One soldier: Four colonists Show of force to “control the people” HOW DOES THIS MAKE THEM FEEL???
1765 STAMP ACT British Action: Britain passes Stamp Act: A law requiring colonists to purchase special stamped paper for printed items. Colonists’ Reaction: Colonists harass stamp distributors Boycott British goods Prepare the Declaration of Rights and Grievances 1767 TOWNSHEND ACTS Colonists’ Reaction: Colonists protest “Taxation without Representation” Organize new boycott British goods Demonstrations and unification British Action: Britain taxes colonial imports Britain stations troops at major colonial ports to protect customs officers
Bumper Stickers Create bumper stickers – #1: Townshend Acts (British) #2: Townshend Acts (Colonists) #3: Stamp Act (British) #4: Stamp Act (Colonists)