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Plant Classification PowerPoint Presentation
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Plant Classification

Plant Classification

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Plant Classification

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  1. Plant Classification -a means of grouping plants according to their similarities

  2. Plant Classifications • Botanical • Identifies plants according to their physical characteristics

  3. Plant Classifications • Descriptive • System that identifies plants by their use and life cycle

  4. Botanical System of Classification • 7 Categories

  5. Botanical System of Classification • 1. Kingdom • 2. Division or Phylum • 3. Class • Subclass

  6. Botanical System of Classification • 4. Order • 5. Family • 6. Genus • 7. Species

  7. Botanical System of Classification • Why do we need this? • -clearly id’s plants • Universal

  8. Crop Plants • Monocots and Dicots

  9. Monocots • 1 cotyledon in a seed • Leaves with parallel veins • Vascular bundles scattered throughout

  10. Monocots • Root System composed of many fibrous roots with many hairs • Flower parts in 3’s

  11. Dicots • 2 cotyledons in each seed • Leaves with network of veins • Vascular bundles form ring outside of stem

  12. Dicots • Root system composed of primary tap root and many hairs • Flowers in 4’s or 5’s

  13. Legumes • -a family of plants whose seeds are formed in fruit and the fruits are formed in pods • Have ability to take N from the air

  14. Life Cycles • Annuals: complete life cycle in one season

  15. Life Cycles • Summer Annuals • Planted in spring, harvested in fall • Winter Annuals • Planted in fall, harvested in following summer

  16. Life Cycles • Biennials • Complete life cycle occurs over two growing seasons

  17. Life Cycles • Perennials • Live year after year