How do Rocks Form?Group #5A Cathryn Bair Lucinda Crenshaw Aline Hoey
Enduring Understandings -How do Rocks Form? • Different types of rocks can be classified by physical and/or chemical properties. • Rocks are grouped based on how they form. • There are 3 basic rock types with each forming in a different way. • Rocks are changed through weathering, heat, pressure and/or melting over a long period of time.
Essential Questions What happens to a rock under pressure and/or heat over time? Why aren’t all crystals the same? Why don’t all crystals look the same? How can you change one type of rock into another?
Essential Questions cont. How can you combine little rocks to make a big rock? How are the properties of each type of rock similar and/or different? If there is a pattern of rock formation or change, what is it?
KS Sci Standards EARTH and SPACE SCIENCEStandard 4: Benchmark 1: structure of the earth continuously changing 1. ▲ identifies properties of the solid earth, 2. ▲ models earth’s cycles, constructive and destructive processes, and weather systems. SCIENCE AS INQUIRYStandard 1: scientific inquiry
Background Knowledge • Structure of the earth • Plate tectonic, volcano, and earthquake • Use of whiteboards • Writing lab reports
Instructional Goals • 1. Use physical characteristics to sort, organize, and/or identify rocks. • 2. Create a simple usable classification system for rocks. • 3. Investigate the process by which each type of rock (igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic) is formed.
Instructional Goals (cont.) • 4. Relate the concepts of heat, pressure, and time to the formation of rocks. • 5. Create, use, and interpret charts, tables, and graphs. • 6. Become familiar with the following terms: igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic, compaction, cementation, mineral, and crystalization.
Sequence of Unit • Pre-Test • Rock Chaos - Searching For Patterns • Growing Crystals - Igneous Rock • Real Rock Inc. -- Sedimentary Inquiry Lab • Layered Rocks -- Sedimentary Sandwich Activity • Metamorphic Rock Activity • Firming It All Up - Rock Cycle • Crayon Rock Cycle • Rice Krispie Rock Debate (optional) • Top ten Rock List (optional) • Post Test • Rock Chaos Revisited
Rock Chaos - Searching for Patterns Mixed Rock Sample Bags Student Created methods of classification Whiteboard On Going Homework Challenge - Rock Funnies Growing Crystals - Igneous Rock Formation Phenyl salicylate lab Fast vs slow cooling Student worksheet Whiteboard Activities & Labs Day 1 & 2
Real Rock Inc - Sedimentary Inquiry Lab Competitive Rock Construction company Senario - Create and Sell best Rock. Roundtable Whiteboard Lab/Resentation Worksheet Whiteboard Lab Report (optional) Layered Rocks - Sedimentary Sandwich Activity Students Order Descriptions of the Sedimentary Deposit Process on Whiteboard WORKSHEET Teacher Makes “Real Sandwich” of Class Consensus Variation - use colored paper for “sandwich “ Paper slips Activities & LabDay 3 & 4
Metamorphic Rock activity PB/Choc-Chips/ Marshmallow Rocks Control vs Pressure vs Pressure & Heat samples Spaghetti Minerals Mini-Activity Worksheet Whiteboard FIRMING IT UP Rock Cycle Animation: Website w/whole class Foldable of 3 rock types (optional) Video -- Either Magic School Bus or Bill Nye Activities & LabsDays 5 & 6
CRAYON ROCK CYCLE LAB design and create all 3 types of rocks from original “igneous Crayon Rock” Worksheet CONCEPT Map or Diagram of Rock Cycle evaluate Diagram w/Rubric Rice Krispie Rock Debate Debate which type of rock a Rice Krispie Treat best represents Top Ten Rock List (optional) Activities & LabsDay 6 & 7
Post Test Rock Chaos Revisited Use original whiteboard classification system Evaluate and Revise as needed based on learned info Whiteboard Roundtable Activities & LabsDay 8
Please email firstname.lastname@example.org Got Rock Jokes?